History of Human Sexuality
History of Human Sexuality PSYC 3070
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Notetaker on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3070 at Bowling Green State University taught by Pat Nebl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Bowling Green State University.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes this semester.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Week 1 Human Sexuality 35000 BCE First cave paintings and statuses depicting sexuality Hinduism emerged several 1000 years ago amp Buddhism emerged in the 6th century BCE Both spreading throughout Asia around 500 BCE Embraced mutual sexual satisfaction amp a sexual expression Karma Sutura 4OOBCE 200 BCE Greeks amp Romans 800 BCE 200 CE Procreation for the state not the gods sexua freedom outside of marriage and homosexuality idealized the human body amp physical beauty Judaism purpose of sex is procreation patriarchic society emphasizes males sex outside of marriage highly punished samic Civilizations 600700 CE sam spread out of Middle East to Africa amp Spain embracing sexual virtue female virginity but also female pleasure in martial intercourse Christianity Saint Augustine 354430 CE related all sex as sin based on Adam amp Eve children born of parent s sin sex isn t for pleasure even marital sex purity of thought as well as behavior lust is a sin Middle Ages 5001500 CE saw rise of the church in Europe Puritanism 150016005 Christian sect originating in England known for prudish sexual practices persecuted for trying to quotpurifyquot church of England Estabished original colonies of New England n uence on American society conserve many taboos diversity intolerance Victorianism Queen Victoria 18191901 Victorian Era of pruders amp purity women viewed as asexual quotlie back amp think about the empirequot Medical misinformation such as masturbation amp blindness rise of romantic love over dutiful marriage Week 1 Human Sexuality Industrial Revolution led to shorter work weeks amp more free time 19505 saw post war wealth amp leisure time Women s rights movement refuted Victorian Ideals 1943 Penicillin able to cure diseases such as syphilis 1960 Birth control pill amp IUD became available peasurabe aspect of sex separated from reproductive Persisted throughout the 605 amp 705 1 Premarital sex 2 sex at a younger age 3 more sexual partners 19805 Emergence of HIV and AIDS Majority of cases were homosexual men and intravenous drug users US slow to respond to the new virus Mid19905 Awareness that HIV spread during heterosexual intercourse as well 1991 to 2011 saw a decline in the number of teenagers who had sexual intercourse Decline in teenage pregnancies births and abortions Charles Darwin 18091882 Proposed natural and sexual selection Emphasized the importance of mating and successfully procreating Richard von KrafftEbing 18041902 Case studies of sexual diseases in Psychopatia Sexualis Coined term quotfetishismquot and treated masturbation Magnus Hirschfeld 18681935 First to use surveys to study sexual behavior Heped found homosexual rights movement in Germany nstitute for Sexual Research in Berlin Nazis raided institute and burned the books Henry Havelock Ellis 18591939 Tod his nocturnal emissions would lead to blindness insanity and death Studies in the Psychology of Sex case histories and crosscultural studies concluding that women were not asexual male and female orgasm similar and masturbation and homosexuality are normal Week 1 Human Sexuality Sigmund Freud 18561939 Libido is a primary motivation of behavior Athough much of Freud s work is not supported today he was among the rst to strongly emphasize the importance of sexuality in human life Margaret Mead 19011978 First major female sex researcher Coming of Age in Samoa studied US vs Samoan adolescence Argued culture important as well as biology Alfred C Kinsey 18941956 Began modern era of sex research Saw itte objective data and began to give out surveys and interviews Masturbation oral sex female multiple orgasms and samesex intercourse People were shocked and accused Kinsey of being amoral Mary Calderon 19041998 First female doctor to promote contraceptives and positive view of sexuality Founded group to pioneer teen sex education Masters and Johnson 19152001 and 19252013 Had humans engage in intercourse in lab conditions and measured physiological responses 1966 Human Sexual Response published with over 10000 episodes from 312 men and 382 women Knowedge of anatomy and physiology allowed better treatment for clinical problems Laumann and the National Health and Social Life Surveys National Academy of Science initially federally funded project but was cut Private funds allowed project to begin in 1992 3432 random sample of adults aged 1859 79 participation rate Raised questions on nature vs nurture prevalence of in delity and homosexuality and others The 2010 National Survey of Sexual Behavior Center for Sexual Health Promotion Week 1 Human Sexuality 5865 people aged 14 to 94 collected online Americans engage in a wide variety of sexual behaviors
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