Islam3and491-93.pdf ART 275
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mallory Jean Becker on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 275 at Illinois State University taught by Maggie Duncan-Flowers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see World Arts: Visual in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Islam 3 09012015 o AlFatiha 0 First sura in the Qur an 0 Key Terms I Sura chapters I Ayah verses I Harun alRashid caliph who lived in the second half of 8th century established a study institute in Baghdad I quotHouse of wisdom study institute established by Harun alRashid o Overlead of a Quran o Copied in Baghdad 11th century calligrapher ibn albawwab 0 Key terms I Cursive scripts I Naskh used in Qurans I Thuluth big bold scripts l hi 39 F x A u ue o Elephant water clock quot39 OOOOO Abu Zayd and Abu Harith Questioning a villager O O O 0 Bronze Ewer O O O 0 Book of knowledge of ingenious Mechanical devices Aka quotAutomataquot Author of text AlJazari 1206 This manuscript was copied and illustrated in 1315 Key Terms I Samaran Style Painting aka Mesopotamian style painting AlHariri s Moqamat Assemblies Composed in late 11th or early 12th century MS copied and illustrated in 13th century I Painted by Yahya alWasiti in Baghdad In 1237 in the Samaran Style Key personalities I Abu Zayd master at puns word play story telling I Yaya alWasiti painted the Abu Zayd and Abu Harith Questioning a villager ran 9th century Cast in one piece Simple shape 0 Overall Flowing design 0 Bold relief 0 Islamic glass in Traditional Roman Shapes 2w o Glassmaking techniques moldblown glass blowing o hotworking techniques manipulation of hot vessels application of glass to the surface 0 Coldworking techniques engraving cutting grinding o Lobed Green Glass Bowl from Western Asia 0 9th1Oth century 0 Key Terms I Moldmade I Sagging they would make a mold of the shape they wanted and then they would take a sheet of colored glass lay it on the top put it back in the kiln and heat it up slowly and then as the glass became hot it would start to sag into the mold I Coldcut I SplitPalmette 0 quotBlack and Red Bowl from Nishapur Iran I 10th century I KeyTerms Earthenware orangish red color Slip a viscous suspension of fine grained white or cream colored clay Underglaze painting Oxie paints the painting s under the glaze Alkaline glaze o Hatching using small lines to make a design 0 Arabesque o Stippling using dots to make a design o Polychrome Bowl with Blossom Motif 0 From Iraq 9th century 0 Key Terms I Earthenware I Tinglaze if you mix tin in with the glaze it would turn it white I Tinglaze oxide paint I Alkaline Glaze I Underglaze paintingpainting under the glaze I Cobalt blue glaze invented by Muslim potters will make its way to china and become very important for their development of their blue and white wear o Bowl with Man and Leopard 0 From Egypt late 10th early 11th century 0 Key Terms I Earthenware I TinGlaze I Luster painting paint compound composed of sulfur silver copper and minerals and vinegar Islam 4 912015 0 Great Seljuq Empire 0 Early 11th century 0 Key Terms I Great Seljuq Turks had an impact on the arts I Isfahan I Sultanate 0 Iran 10th century 0 original plan 0 New plan Great Mosque of Isfahan amp Aerial elevatin Drawing of the Great Mosque of Isfahan uhld iwan iwa n fouriwan mosque O Masiidi Jami Isfahan o 1112th centuries 0 Key Terms I Four Iwan Courtyard Mosque Complex had a large central court and then symmetrically arranged are four large chambers aka Iwans I Iwan large pointed tunnel or barrel vaults I Barrelvault or tunnel vault I Pishtaqs monumental portals above the Iwans I Persian keel arches an arch but instead of being rounded at the top it looks more like a triangle 0 Audience Hall 0 Ctesiphon Sasanian Persian capital 0 South Iwan Vacade View amp South Iwan view from behind Key Terms Qibla Iwan mosque the one oriented towards mecca Madrasa teaching colleges began to proliferate during this period because the Turks were trying to reestablish Sudi Islam OOOO o Pistaq of the Great Mosque of Isfahan 0 South Iwan Qibla iwan 0 17th century 0 Key Terms I Twin minarets I Muqarnas inside the arch appears to have been scooped out 0 3D units layered on to the surface of architecture 0 Great mosque of Isfahan o Wouth Iwan Qibla iwan 0 17th century 0 Muqarnas are the tan part 0 Great Mosque of Isfahan r39 0 Portal pistaq Facades I Plain and glazed brick I Glazed tile I Calligraphy dominant motif E x l 0 Great Seljuq empire 0 Early 11th 13th centur o Metalwork enters new innovative phase I Influenced other arts I Used precious and base metals I Bronze and Brass predominatealloys of copper and tin or zinc I New techniques developed especially important inlay of precious metals 0 naid Brass Candlestick with Animals in Combat 0 Herat Afghanistan 0 Late 12th century 0 Key Terms I Repousse techniqueshammered from the inside out on a sheet of brass or bronze I Relief decoration decoration that stands out from the back ground I Chasing techniques techniques used for working on the outside of the object I Kufic and naskh scripts o naid Brass Candlestick with Animals o Hera Afghanistan 0 Late 12th century 0 Fritware mina I owl with Rider and Seated Figures 0 Iran 12th13th century 0 Key Terms I Fritware what the vessels are made of I Frit ground quarts mixed with Kaolin clay I Kaolin clay an ingredient of Frit I Potash an ingredient in Frit I Underglaze painting painting done on the bowl and then glazed over I Overglaze painting paint done on top of the glaze I Display Ware simply meant for decoration not eating I Naskh scripts o Mongol Invasion 0 O O O O O O o Auhor irdawsi 11th ce Ilkhanata 12171258 Genghis Khan Sack of Baghdad in 1258 New military political order I Ilkhanid Empire ruled by Ilkhans Greatest contribution to art architecture and the Illustrated book 0 Ardashir Catures Ardavan Great Mngol Shahnama Book of Kings ntu Manuscript commissioned by Abu Said last Ilkhanid ruler Made in royal workshop in Tabriz 1330s 0 Ardashir Captures Ardavan Great Mongol Shahnama book of kings 0 Author Firdawsi 11th century Islam 5 0910312105 5 Timmid Dynasty o Timirid Dynasty lt7 K c 39 a 0 13701501 0 Founder Timurthe Lame o Registan Royal Square in Samarqand Uzbekistan 0 14171421 0 Key Terms I Four Iwan Courtyard plan I Registan I Madrasa o Madrasa of Ulughbeg in Registan Samarqand 0 14171421 o Madrasa of ulughbeg 0 1411421 0 Key Terms I Brick mosaic I Tile mosaic used I Cuerda seca I Cable molding gives the appearance of twisting o The Seduction of Yusuf o In the illustrated copy of Bustan Orchard 0 Made in Herat in the 15th century 0 Key Terms I Herat 2quot l great royal workshop major city of Afghanistan one of the Timur capitals I Bihzad famous painted head of Sultan Husayn Bayqara s workshop I Sultan Husayn Bayqara loved books sponsored many arts but particularly books set up and maintained a royal workshop that produced many great books I Bustan means orchard or fruit garden I Sadi I Yusuf and Zulaykha I Seven Thrones I AlJami 15th century Reading notes Chyter 2 pages 4145 0 The Persian national epic is known as the Shahnama 0 One of the most famous painters in Persian history who work in the royal workshop of Herat was Bihzad o The Turkoman center of manuscript production was located at Tabriz o The book of kings was written by Firdawsi o Bustan tells the story of the education of Bahram Gur in the ways of love 0 The quotPersian style of painting was established in Iran during the khan period 0 One of the great painters of the Turkoman style was Shaykhi o The Sufis in Iran embraced the development of Persian painting 0 Sa di is not as famous as the author of the adventures of the old rogue with great verbal skill Abu Said
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