Music 15 - Week 8 Notes
Music 15 - Week 8 Notes
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Friday May 23, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 74 views.
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Date Created: 05/23/14
Music Appreciation Week Eight Romantic Choral Music 0 Choral singing was a group activity for amateur musicians 0 Creative outlet for the masses 0 No need for expensive instruments or lessons 0 Aligned with new Romantic interest in democracy 0 Choirs sang older pieces but the popularity of choirs led to a need for new repertoire 0 Smaller genres 0 Part song smallscale genre often 4 parts 0 Largescale genres o Oratorio and mass 0 Often found a wider audience in the concert hall Brahms 0 Born in Germany 0 Friend of Robert and Clara Schumann o Brahms as Beethoven s successor 0 Music was stylistically conservative 0 Requiem Mass a musical setting of the roman catholic mass for the dead 0 Ein Deutsches Requiem o A german requiem 1 868 Written after the deaths of Robert Schumann and Brahm mother Brahms was not religious raised protestant Function mirrors Catholic tradition of service for dead I Emphasis on comforting the living acceptance of death 0 Unlike Catholic requiem I Does not use standard Catholic requiem texts I Written in German not Latin 0 For soloists four part chorus and orchestra I We are looking 47 0 Excerpt Movement 4 Wie Lieblich sind deine Wohnungen I How lovely is thy dwelling place I Text psalm 84 I ABA CA I B section shift to minor imitative polyphony I C section martial sounding back to polyphony OOOO Giuseppe Verdi 1813 1901 0 Italian 0 Involved in Italian nationalist movement 0 28 operas 0 Became Italy s favorite composer 0 Viva Verdi 0 Viva Vittorio Emanuele Re d Italy 0 Long live Victor Emanuel King of Italy 0 Verdi Requiem Libera Me O OOOOOO 1 874 Catholic requiem text but on a much larger scale Written to commemorate the death of writer Alessandro Manzoni Seen by many as too theatrical for a church setting Final movement Prayer asking for mercy upon the dead This movement recalls sections from earlier movements I Die Irae Day of Wrath I Requiem Aeternam Grant them Rest 0 Verdi s Requiem at Terezin O O O Nazi internment camp ghetto 40 miles from Prague Model camp for Red Cross home to many notable Jews artists scholars musicians Remarkable cultural life 0 Rafael Schachter O O O O 1905 1945 Composer conductor pianist Led vibrant musical life at Terezin 20 performances of Verdi s Requiem including for visiting Nazi and Red Cross officials LiedCharacter Pieces 0 Erikonig Schubert 0 Monat Mai Schumann 0 Military Polonaise Chopin 0 Intermezzo Brahms 0 La Campanella Liszt Orchestral Pieces 0 Cello Concerto Dvorak 0 VltavaMoldau Smetana Listening portions may start in the middle of the piece Compare 0 RomanticismModernism Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky 0 Russian 0 Late Romantic 0 Endof thecentury pessimism 0 Sexual identity 0 Carried on Romantic era traditions 0 Successful Tchaikovsky and the Ballet 0 Ballet thrived in Russia 0 Tchaikovsky s popular ballets 0 Swan lake 0 Sleeping beauty 0 The Nutcracker 0 Sleeping Beauty 0 1890 Written in 40 days Ballet Three acts Choreography Marius Petipa Excerpt Waltz Act 1 Listen for I Romantic melodies and harmonies OOOOO Music in the Age of Modernism the 20th century Modernism 0 20th century movement selfconscious break with the past 0 Create works that are wholly new 0 Make it new ezra pound 0 People didn t want to connect with emotions WWI 0 No centralized style umbrella term for many ism o Impressionism Debussy o Primitive Stravinsky o Expressionism Schoenberg 0 Many more 0 UnconventionalNontraditional plot for ballet opera or program music 0 Radical concept or performance style 0 Harmonic language for each musicism 0 Very unfamiliar unprecendented 0 Tonality isn t the only option anymore 0 Harmony now based on different scalepitch combinations 0 Debussy exotic scales 0 Stavinsky polytonality o Schoenberg Atonality Modern Ballet Claude Debussy 0 1862 1918 0 French 0 Paris Conservatory at age II 0 Exotic scales obscured tonic 0 In uenced by 0 Impressionism in painting I Dancers in Blue Edgar Degas o Symbolism in poetry I Late 19th century French movement I Characteristics 0 Suggest don t describe 0 Free verse 0 Debussy s Music 0 Floating sensation obscured meter 0 Exotic scales obscured tonic o Intensely colorful orchestral sounds I Selective use of orchestral colors ImpressionistSymbolist I Sense of detached observation I Evokes moods rather than explicit feelings 0 Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun I 1894 I Genre symphonic poem but is also a ballet I Inspired by a poem by Mallarme I In 1912 turned into a modemist ballet by the Ballet Russes 0 Choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky I Listen for O 0 Prominent solos o The Ballet Russes I Founded in Paris by Serge Diaghilev the ba11et s impresario producer I Russian and French musical in uences I Employed many great dancers and choreographers of the day I Many modernist productions