Chapter One: First Founders
Chapter One: First Founders history 1301
Popular in United States History to 1865
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carrie Hulburt on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to history 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Scott Comar in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 171 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Chapter One Founding Fathers 0 When and Where does American History begin What types of evidence are used to explain the arrival of humans in North America Scientists discovered a man made spear head in Folsom New Mexico that dated back almost 10000 years this spear head was named Clovis Points after the indigenous people who made these points this discovery suggested that humans had been living and hunting on American soil far longer than imagined In 1932 more of these Clovis Points were discovered near Clovis NM but these points were found beside a Mammoths tooth clearly showing that these points were older then the points originally found in Folsom The creation of these so called Clovis Points began around 13900 years ago and ceased around 12900 years ago 0 As stated above the discovery of these points suggested that humans had been living and hunting in America for over 14000 years ago 0 Between 25000 and 11000 years ago Ocean levels sank 300 feet due to Weather and Climate conditions thus eXposing a 600 mile wide land bridge that connected America and Asia this bridge was named the Bering Land Bridge this bridge also made up part of the frozen land of Bering After this bridge became submerged in once again the indigenous people who had migrated onto the straight were forced to move towards higher ground Some people moved towards present day Alaska but were stopped by the frozen land of Siberia After an ice free corridor opened up along the Eastern Slope of the Rocky Mountains Indigenous people migrated down into the americas This can account for for the sudden appearance of the Clovis Hunters across much of North America nearly 14000 years ago Paleo Indians were the earliest known inhabitants of North America over 15000 years ago Scientists believe that these people could39ve migrated as far south as the tip of South America within several thousand year The most radical theory for the peopling of America suggests that migrants came from Europe 0 10000 years ago the PaleoIndian period in North America gave way to the Archaic Era Period which lasted 7000 years The Archaic Era bands were forced to develop and adapt new method of Survival in order to be able to survive the harshening environment of progressing America 0 MesoAmerica is where Maize Agriculture began along with start of farming of other foods such as squash sun owers etc Native American tribes had been raising squash and sun owers about 4000 years before that 0 Maize agriculture was a crucial developmental key for compleX growing societies 0 Native American tribes in Early America the Olmec tribe survived from 5 0015 00 they are known as the rst civilization and their decline was due to an environmental decline the Mayan tribe survived from 300900 BCE they derived cultural customs from the Olmec but their decline was due to an internal power structure issue the Teotihuacan tribe survived only in the the 500 BCE the were the largest indigenous city and their decline was due to a power struggle in the region the Toltec Tribe survived from 900 to 1000 BCE they migrated from the North Western desert region the Aztec tribe survived from 1100 to 1521 BCE they migrated into the central valley or Tenochitlan Lake TeXicoco European conquest is what led to their decline but the arrival of Heman Cortez symbolized the return of their Ancient God the Inca tribe survived from 1400 to 1533 BCE associated with Machu Pichu the Mogollon people merged with Anasazi people the Hohokom people inhabited the Arizona region 0 European Contact began with the Chinese and the Vikings who were the rst known explorers In the year 1415 the explorers from Portugal began in search for gold ivory and slaves they roughly ended exploring some time in the 1440 s Spain s exploration began in 1492 when Christopher Columbus landed in America North and South and ended around 1419 Beginning in the late fteenth century after innovations to oversea traveling Americas near isolation came to a dramatic end after the Spaniard Christopher Columbus discovered America in the Fall of of 1492 the Iberian peninsula was the location on which Spanish and Portuguese exploration would depart from Globalization the process of international integration arising from the interchanging of world views ideas and products and other aspects of different cultures Both a cultural and economic system of trade became a unifying technique for the different parts of the world who are involved Spanish Colonization goals were 0 mineral wealth 0 the spread of religion the native indigenous population at the time of Spanish Colonization was at the percentage of 98 In 1502 after the many different cultures from Europe began to populate the Americas and the the diseases they brought with them began to kill off the Native American tribes that had previously lived in America the Spaniards brought over African slaves to the replace the natives that they had lost the Mechica people Tenochitlan became Mexico City in 1521 A trade system was established between the old world Europe and the new world America that included crops wood animals plants etc 0 In 1584 European colonists traveled from Europe to the Americas and established the colony of Roanoke Often referred to The Lost European Colony Roanoke had three failed attempts of colonization from 1584 to 1587 As a new group of settlers arrived on this land they found that the land had been abandoned and that a no signs of life were Visible except for the word Croatoan carved into a few tree s The english became very oppressive at the time of Colonization
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