Phil 1 - Week 8 Notes
Phil 1 - Week 8 Notes
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This 2 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Friday May 23, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views.
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Date Created: 05/23/14
Concert case 2 0 Just like the original concert case 0 This time you really want to avoid being plugged in 0 You give other people a lot of tickets 0 But you still get attached 0 Analogous to contraceptives 0 Some abortions are morally fine 0 Many abortions are immoral What is it to have a mind 0 What are minds 0 How do they interact with bodies 0 A mind is something that can be in such states as these 0 Substance dualism there are substances of two fundamentally an irreducibly distinct kinds In the word mental stuff and material stuff 0 Qualitative identity a and b have the same properties 0 Leibniz if they share all the same properties they are identical Argument from Doubt 0 I can doubt the existence of my body 0 Cogito I cannot doubt the existence of my mind 0 Mind is not the same thing as his brain or body Substance Dualism Cartesian Dualism 0 Material mass extended motion etc 0 Mental immaterial Monism just 1 kind everything is material Idealism everything is mental Leibeiz s Law if A B are numerically identical then AB are qualitatively identical if they are the exact same thing then they have the same properties Parody 0 Lois doubts Clark Kent can y 0 Lois does not doubt that superman can y 0 CK does not equal superman Interactionism Minds interact casually with physical things Casual overdetermination an event A is casually over determined if it has multiple causes 0 0 Could be total coincidence But the mental and physical lines up Elizabeth s Puzzle 0 O O 0 Physical objects are caused to move by being bumped into The ability to bump into things requires extension mass shape and motion Minds do not have properties like extension mass shape and motion Therefore mind cannot affect the physical world Dualist must be committed to saying that mind lacks all of the physical properties Even if you say energy affects the physical world that s still a physical property Doesn t matter how little the causal power is you can t move anything with your mind
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