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IssuesPrblms In Am

by: Myriam Ruecker

IssuesPrblms In Am SOCY 10

Myriam Ruecker
GPA 3.63

Miriam Greenberg

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Miriam Greenberg
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This 20 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myriam Ruecker on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 10 at University of California - Santa Cruz taught by Miriam Greenberg in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/182205/socy-10-university-of-california-santa-cruz in Sociology at University of California - Santa Cruz.


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Date Created: 09/07/15
Soc 10 Issues amp Problems in American Society Study Guide SHORT ANSWER I will choose three of the following questions for the exam Of these you will answer two in 12 paragraphs each 1 Discuss the three aspects of Social Facts for Durkheim and a fourth aspect that Bourdieu adds to this concept Durkeim Do we need to further explain 137 1 Exist outside beyond the individual 2 Exist prior to the individual and are inherited in some way 3 Exert coercive power independent of individual will social structure social norms and social forces 4 Bourdieu are experienced practiced resisted and or reproduced by individuals in a society Habitus I think it means how the individual is consumed so far into the social norms ofsociety as a bigger social structure that it affects him the individual in that they can no longer exceed those bigger social structures so it s now a practice or rather a habitus I think Whatl THINK Bourdiue means by habitus is that within society members of that particular society have basic social norms that they follow We have habits within our given groups or a habitus all of these norms are experienced that can be reproduced practiced and resisted Individuals have a relationship with these structures that they can transform once they utilize their agency I think it means that we have a direct relationship with these structures and norms as we can question resist and eventually change them would anyone say that the act of reproduced practiced and resisted norms is actively done Or is it just how individuals function being more like an unknown indirect relationship I would say that it is both Their is a level of sociological competence to recognize these norms and imagine larger social structures at work in which one will obtain agency to resit and transform these structures 2 Choose one of the following lms and discuss its relevance for the class in connection to at least one class reading and key concept Race The Power of an Idea The Corporation When the Levees Broke 3 Discuss the rise of private foundations in certain California public schools as shown in the documentary First to Worst What led to this rise and what broader social issues might it produce East LA school district vs Beverly Hill district as an example Serrano vs Priest Higher school systems were brought down to the poorer school systems Local Property Taxes funded their local School Districts this ignored the unequal distribution of wealth Supreme Court Ruling reduced state funding Equaling downwards in which Beverly Hill students received the same funding as students in East LA this resulted from the Supreme Court Ruling it lowered the quality of education statewide In addition to this Proposition 13 capped property taxes and restricted future increases that will now need a 23 majority supermajority vote to pass Schools are left to find additional funding from the private sector to increase the quality of education independent from the state This may lead to further inequality as school districts that are located in neighborhoods with higher property taxes and wealthier residents experience greater donations from local private contributors neighborhoods with lower property taxes may experience little funding and inadequate public and private funding to maintain a decent education Effects Wealthier Parents Better education Low income Parents poorer education Prop 13 1978 led to budget cuts which led to equal low funding in rich schools AND poor schools BUT parents from rich schools raised money by donations and fundraising to contribute to programs like music theatre art etc for the students cva San Pablo vs Orinda This entails inequality amongst the school districts 4 Analyze the claim that in the current postfordist era we live in a postracial society In your answer draw from the work of Thomas Holt and optionally in addition Herman Gray and theorists discussed by Jimi Valiente Neighbors in her presentation Theorist like Perry for example discussed how people can be perceived as racist without having the intention to be For instance telling racist jokes doesn t necessarily mean the person is racist Goldberg Born again racism Jackson DeCardio racism Perry Postintentional racism Holt discusses this in pgs 105115 Ex Jack Johnson vs Michael Jordan 5 What does Freud mean by screen memories and how can this idea be linked to Marita Sturken s analysis of the Maya Lin s design of the Vietnam War Memorial Function to hide or screen out more difficult memory that the person wants to keep away The distinction between the screen and the real become imperceptible The wall can represent American imperialism and masculinity at the same time that it inscribes memories of loss grief and betrayal for many veterans families and friends of the war dead For hundreds of veterans abused ignored and neglected after their tours of duty the wall has become a place of mourning and healing while ironically for others it speaks to the national disgrace of the war When looking at the memorial we are focused as a nation on what happened to us when we were there particularly the male quotusquot not what happened to the Vietnamese people We look not for national absolution in our treatment of the Vietnam veterans but for a memory screen of anything we did to the country and the people of Vietnam Maya Lin s memorial meant to highlight the people who died in the war rather than the war itselfacting as a screen that takes away the collective narratives that let Americans see what the war was about resulting in them forming their own narratives of the war With its black marble walls the memorial takes away the narratives and lets the individual viewing the memorial see their own re ection along with the name of their loved one for example Lin consciously distanced herself from the political debate surrounding the war in order to make a memorial that commends the veterans rather than remembering the violence 6 Compare and contrast the different approaches to child rearing ifrom concerted cultivation to natural growth that are common among working class and middle class families in the US today according to Annette Lareau natural growth poor working class children lots of free time go play close family ties focus on the unit taught to accept and not to challenge distinct parent to child roles no sense of entitlement tend to be more polite concerted cultivation middle and upper class children planned activities focus on the child conversations that help build logical reasoning skills that better prepare them for their future gains a sense of entitlement Does anyone know what the similarities are 7 Define Dubois concept of double consciousness and discuss how the development of this concept was rooted in the experiences of his childhood African Americans struggle with a multifaceted conception of self This results from African slaves being torn away from their homeland and struggling to now define themselves as African American even though they are not treated the same as other Americans It also results from having to see themselves not only through their own eyes but through the eyes of the whites who for centuries had legal control over their lives they are thus constantly aware of how much their own sense of identity and value conflicts with the identity and value imposed upon them by white America Dubois was raised in Massachusetts in a free black community and with much support went to college in Kentucky and had his rst experiences with Southern racismJim Crow lynchings etc 8 What are the four stages of alienation and how are they illustrated in Charlie Chaplin s film Modern Times I Alienation from product As hired labor power Charlie is also estranged from the product of his workboth in an immediate and in an extended sense What he helps to manufacture for the Electro Steel Corporation is a matter of total indifference to him The final product in fact never comes into view in the filmwhich is an appropriate expressron of the protagonists separation from and indifference toward it He certainly does not lavish any love or care on the objects that pass through his handsunlike an artisan or artist who works attentively and with care on an individual project All that matters to anyone at the plant is the quantity of uniform objects that are processed in a given amount of time 2 Alienation from workprocess Deskiling 3 Alienation from self Alienation from the things that makes us human ex free will Free thought He does not determine the pace of his work nor the way the final product is assembled from its constituent parts lis mechanical and repetitive motions are void of any thought The necessary planning and thinking that underlies the industrial process takes place somewhere else as a hired hand Charlie simply follows the directions of management and the dictates of machines lis daily work is not his work his exhausting activity is essentially passive While working at the plant he is anything but an autonomous human being 4Aienation from peers lack of solidarity and increase competition with other workers Worllters who cannot talk to each other on the Job who are strictly supervised by a panoptican management and who have no inherent need to think and communicate about what they are dorng in their daily routines tend to become solitary beingseven though modern work is characterized by a high degree of social cooperaticn39i and even though the solitary individuals move together as a crowd ESSAY I will choose two of the following questions for the exam Of these you will choose one and respond in a 5 paragraph essay The essay should have an introductory paragraph three paragraphs to develop your ideas and a conclusion Be sure to include the title of the essay on your paper and refer to your sources at least twice in the essay 1 The Problem ofthe Color Line The problem of the 20th century is the problem of the color line WEB Du Bois Souls ofBlack Folk 1903 One of the founding dilemmas of the nation and of this class is the embrace of liberty and equality as core American values alongside the practice of slavery and racial discrimination Drawing from the work of Du Bois Foner andor Obama discuss the ways in which our founding documents embodied this contradiction as well as the enduring legacy of re color line on US society in at least one other period of American racism further expands into certain individuals who are not included in the Constitution that are Individual targets of Capitalism If on one hand Du Bois s proposition calls our attention to the gross inequities of power wealth opportunity and access between whites and the majority of the peoples of the world it also raises the problematic of the response of the oppressed of the world and the impact this will have on human society and history The problem with the color line lies in how One example would deal with Foner s reading about the Constitution and the Preamble s contradiction with the We of Nationhood and 11 Americans starting from the earlyl600s 1900s have progressed Issues of civil rights education political right amp etc 2 The History of American Freedom The history of freedom sheds light on the ideas and purposes of social and political movements What is important is not so much the evolution of a single definition as the multiple purposes to which the idea of freedom has been put and the broader belief systems these usages illuminatequot Eric Foner The Story of American Freedom 1999 p xv Compare and contrast the changing idea of freedom and the progressive or conservative belief systems to which it was attached as expressed and fought over in three key periods in modern US history These periods include the turn of the century 18801920 s the midtwentieth century 19301960 s and the late twentieth century 1970today You may referto the readings by Foner and David Harvey andor to the lecture in your response 3 Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism Drawing on Max Weber s work discuss some of the key components of ie protestant ethic and how it lead to the spirit of capitalism Finally consider some of the legacies of this historical development for the US today work to prove that they are chosen work for their calling no purchasing of frivolous things Make money and hold it reinvest into Stocks Avoidance of the spontaneous enjoyment of life What do you do with the pro t Invest or charity And when you invest you make more so you invest more and eventuallyCAPITALISM MCM ltwhat does MCM stand for il 1 3 was i U Vquot 5 W gt y7quot OOOOOO f 4 Natural and Social Disasters What do sociologists mean when they say there is no such thing as a natural disaster Discuss this important idea in relation to Hurricane Katrina and refer to the work of John Brown Childs and at least one other author or lmmaker from the class in your answer John Brown Childs quotCompass ni Compassion amp Herman Gray Where the Natural and the Social Meetquot no natural disaster is purely natural there zu e socral aspects ofthe disaster that are already put into place In every phase and aspect of a disaster causes vulnerability preparedness results and response and reconstruction the contours of disaster and the difference between who lives and who dies is to a greater or lesser extent a social calculus The New Orleans population were vulnerable not because of geography but because of long term class and race abandonment poverty exacerbated by the dismantling of social welfare by Democratic and Republican administrations alike the incompetence of FEMA preparations expressed cocooned ruling class comradery cronyism and privilege rather than any concern for the poor and working class and the reconstruction looks set to capitalize on these inequalities and deepen them further gtglobal warming from human carbon emissions Bush ignores global warming evidence rising sea levels gtVulnerability highly differentiated poor and working class typically live in low lands more exposed to ooding environmental pestilence The concept of sociological imagination suggests that an individual s decisions may be connected to larger social structures that can affect the world at large C Wright Mills 5 Debating Proposition 13 Proposition 13 had a transformative effect on California when it was enacted in 1978 and continues to exert influence on the political economy of the state Debates over Prop 13 also illustrate some of the enduring dilemmas of our nation In this essay a Discuss the main features of Prop 13 how and why it came to be passed and some of its major impacts on the state And b At least two of the founding dilemmas of the US that debates over Prop 13 reflect A Prop 13 made property taxes stay at 1 of the full cash value off the property and required a 23rd vote to raise it Public schools would get their funding from property taxes prior to this making school funding unequal because richer home areas would receive more funding because their schools would be located in richer areas People without kids often used the argument that since they would not be benefited by not passing it they would vote to pass it After prop 13 passed funding became equal because despite the neighborhood the property taxes were fixed However this made the funding for schools very low and made California public education drop drastically in ranking Then some schools started to raise money privately and used these funds to buy things for their schools such as better facilities more teachers etc making schools once again unequal Serrano vs Priest 1968 capped the amount of funding Public schools received from state funding while property taxes will cover the rest BUT this will mean that if property taxes were to have been raised in local school districts state funding will decrease Under this supreme court ruling all local schools received equal funding throughout the state regardless of the amount of income residents have within this district BUT in 1976 when neeliberal policies ran the nation at this time and today Proposition 13 passed that capped property taxes within California at 1 ofthe original price of the property In order to raise taxes there must be a supermajority 23 vote large mobilization of people to pass this extremely difficult to achieve Serrano limited state funding for public schools and prop 13 limited its additional funding from property taxes B Does anyone know what a logical answer for part b would be I am really lost on it I think it means to connecting it back to the fourfounding dilemmas Freedom Contested We of Nationhood meaning as to how quotwequot as a nation are involved when it comes to education many single people don t believe they should have their taxes go toward education if they don t have children Logics of Capital would be where the money is coming from Individualism would be the choice people want to have on where to spend their money Howard Jarvis was the spokesman for prop 13 Add Sociologist or Author next to concept General s0ci0hist0rical frameworks that help us analyze social issues 4 founding dilemmas Freedoms Property rightsindustry and rationality The Contested We of Nationhood Race and racism the color line imagined community civic vs ethnic nationalism Logic s of Capitalism profit motives division of labor class struggles iron cage Anything that makes up capitalism Individualism 3 regimes of accumulation prefordism fordism keynesianism post fordism exible accumulation 3 racial regimesWhat is this postfordist fordist prefordist o PreFordist racial regime Thomas Holt pages 2840 Race for Holt is a modern construct and a product of mutations inthe structure of the world economic system known as market capitalism over the last century or so The preFordist racial regime then is one that took place prior to the rise of modernity and was catalyzed by the ascendancy of empirical science over metaphysics and theology basically our natural perception of things trumps religion etc It required capitalism and race and used the material of the slave plantation as the engine of a new economic globalization This produced a racial classi cation and identity that was sometimes determined by economic considerations Fordist racial regime Fordism is an aspect of capitalism based on the idea of industrial mass production in urban areas it relied on the basic and specialized division of labor It is best characterized by the consumer society urbanized populations mass production of goods and services and the appeal of popular gures regardless of race as market commodities example Michael Jordan PostFordist racial regime marked by the Civil Rights movement and a mature capitalism dominated by multinationals and mass consumption Conceptualizations and perceptions of race during this time have become blurred yet again by an economic order this time this order is globalization global movement of capital that relied on a migration on a global scale from less industrialized areas to more industrialized ones Marks the transition of a discussion of race that was primarily concerned with black and white racial dimension to one that included other ethnic and racial groups Week 1 Issues Problems and Practical Sociology De nition explanation example Key concepts 0 Social facts exist outsidebeyond individual exist prior to the individual and are inherited in some way exert coercive power independent of individual will ie social structures social norms social forces Emile Durkheim 0 Social things are experienced practiced resisted andor reproduced by individuals in a society Lemert 43 Bourdieu 0 example looking before crossing the streetsimple but practiced O Bourdieu s habitus obedience keeps things humming along but resis can happen and change the way social things are put together issues vs problems or troubles 39 structure vs agency Mills 0 Issue Issue transcends beyond 39inner life39 in local environment organization of troubles into historical society as a whole argument about values not well de ned in environment losing jobs due to job market rather than individual reasons example 15 million people unemployed in a population of 50 million employees Problem occur with in the individual about themselves with in the self biographical entity trouble is a private matter its personal example 1 unemployed person in a population of 100000 How to survive die with honor how to help end war Structure society history societal issues shape the social world we live in Social worldstructure policies achieve goals Agency individual biography individual troublesrepresent individual capacity to achieve thingspursue goals group identitiesgt class race gender institutions Capacity of individual to act independently O O 0 False consciousness Marx and Engels People that cannot realize that problems are caused by larger social factors When a person believes their problemsfailures are solely their own Inability to use one s sociological competence or imagination Sociological Imagination C Wright Mills quote found on history making the vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and the wider society one s social biography and it s connection to world history The Lmique insight that only the study of sociology can give you Realizing the connection between individual experience and the wider society Social competenceincompetence 0 Competence A knack for recognizing or talking about what is going on without thinking things through We learn it infonnally at a young age ie leaming to talk ordering food going on dates Lemert Intro Ch 1 It contributes mightily to our ability to form and keep social relations with others Lemert 5 0 Incompetence Normal aspect of large or complex social structures gov schools etc branches do not know what others are doingnothing gets done or work against each other Can be prevented or managed with competence Lemert 9 0 Practical sociology The Lmderstanding that arises from the first imaginative peeks behind the surface appearances of daily life Lemert Ch 2 Practical sociology is the first inking that we are not alone that we are connected with others even before we recognize the lines or connection and that we are alive to the world only when we fully grasp social realities as they are Lemert pg 28 0 Charolette Perkins Gihnan exhibits this term 0 Subway Superhero man who saves another man who had a seizure without thinking twice he didn t even know the man we are all connected We are normally focused on what we are doing as individuals and not the rest of society but often drastic events can reawaken our awareness of each other Can relate to practical sociology Sources Charles Lemert Emile Durkheim C Wright Mills Charlotte Perkins Gilman Subway superhero video Week 2a Dilemma 1 Freed0ms De nition explanation example Key concepts 0 Contested meanings of freedom 0 Since freedom embodies not a single idea but a complex of values the struggle to define its meaning is simultaneously an intellectual social economic and political contestquot Foner Xv 0 Different inteipretations of freedom through timeregimes 0 Types ot freedom Political economic religious etc 0 negative vs positive liberty John Stuart Mill amp Isaiah Berlin 0 Negative Liberty Freedom from ex false imprisonment government intervention Freedom as the absence of restraint or coercion limited government intervention Associated with individual rights Government is only meant to protect private property and maintain law and orderprefordist and post fordist 0 Positive Liberty Freedom to ex get a quality education assemble Freedom as the presence of equal political and economic opportunity Associated with group of national empowerment Government should do what it can to create an equal playing field fordist and fordistkeynesianism 0 effective liberty vs formal or legal liberty Dewey Effective Practiced vs formal legal just because it was in the constitution formal doesn t mean liberty naturally occurs for all people effective Effective is practiced 0 Property in American meaning of freedom 0 Owning property is freedom John Adams Property and property alone means independence 0 manifest destiny and the frontier myth 0 Manifest destiny those who are industrious and rational are those who will use the land best therefore they deserve to own it he gave it to the use of the industrious and rational not the fancy John Locke 6 0 Frontier myth The frontier was unused land awaiting white settlement that encouraged individualism nationalism and democracy to transform land into modern civilization Reality White Americans did not settle the West but rather they conquered it 0 articulation Holt Speaking for39 Relating to Race is articulated with and through different social fonnations Greenberg Lecture Presentation 4 Race Racism and the Project of Modernity To give voice to something and to link together Sources John Dewey Isaiah Berlin John Locke Stuart Hall Historical periods emphasized rise of liberal political economy early colonial period Revolutionary War Week 23 Dilemma 2 The Contested We 0fNati0nh00d De nition explanation example Concepts 0 contradictions of emancipation and reconstruction 0 Jim Crow laws that prohibited slaves from voting Grandfather Clause 0 Terrorism lynching 0 slaves technically free but still experienced discrimination such as legal restrictions Double Consciousness WEB Du Bois An identity bestowed on ourselves and believe that we have Also an identity that is thrust upon us Double ldentity one s possession of self vs society s view of one self 0 The fractured self 0 Both psychological and sociological 0 Both individual and collective Mills 0 Both a burden and a gift Second sight in reality formal freedom false Tension between the preamble and body of the constitution 0 preamble broad and general gets people on board 0 body you see inscribed things we the people intention of liberty 3 classes of people Indians othersslavest amp the peopleonlv they get to enjoy freedom and constltute the Vc difference between civic and ethnic nationalism F oner 0 Civic Nationalism based on shared beliefs belong to same group if you have the same belief 0 Ethnic Nationalism based on ethnicity or descent where you come from pre Fordist racial regime 0 slave labor based on plantation system 0 slavery segregation unequal rights Sources Eric Foner WEB Du Bois Thomas Holt School House Rock Race The Power of an Illusion documentary Historic period emphasized Civil War and Reconstruction Pre Fordism Weeks 34 Dilemma 3 The Logics of Capital De nition explanation example Concepts 0 The protestant work ethic and spirit of capitalism 0 Protestant Work Ethic people were constantly working bc they were committed to a calling 0 profits constantly put back into production 0 led to expansion of business and increased profits 0 led to system of capitalism I RationalizationDisenchantment of the world 0 Max Weber 18641920 0 Rationalization widely shared social value that motivates practical behaviorfuture oriented calculations Lemert p70 amp Weber p23 9 Disenchantment of the world utilitarian rationalism Valued rationalism gt instrumental rationalism Terms associated w puritans 0 ascetiscism notion of forgoing pleasure simple life not spending on frivolous things Lack of need for material items Share wealth by investing in yourself Not materialistic utilitarianism Ben Franklin rational work ethic we must do things that are beneficial to us in the future predestination destined since birth Iron cage Weber 245 0 Protestants wanted to work in a calling but now we are forced to work in the system 0 The quotiron cagequot thus traps individuals in systems based purely on teleological efficiency rational calculation and control Horatio Alger myth and deserving vs undeserving poor The fact that people can raise themselves from poverty and to later on be successful by working hard Connected to the Protestant Work Ethic 4 stages of Alienation Karl Marx 0 Alienation of worker from the work product of his labor 0 Alienation of worker from working process of his labor 0 Alienation of worker from himself his species being 0 Alienation of worker from others 0 Alienated vs Unalienated labor Whether or not you have free unconscious activity 0 Alienation of man from man gt Creates competition between workers instead of seeing their true potential 0 eX Charlie Chaplin s Modem Times Scientific management Taylorism 0 F W Taylor Scientific management increased labor productivity by timing each step and breaking down motions to simplify processes Harvey Ch 8 Liberty of contract and labor movement s critique of this F oner 0 Liberty of contract ability to choose where you want to work O Formed during the Gilded Age Critique Impoverished people don t have options forceful working Need regulations to make a balance limit to work day age hours per day Unionsarrangements between workers amp owners to ensure that contract is being followed Sources Eric Foner Karl Marx Max Weber Caine s Arcade Video Chaplin s Modern Times Historical period emphasized Early colonial period puritan settlement39 Industrial Revolution Rise of monopoly capitalism and Gilded Age Week 4 Dilemma 4 Individualism De nition explanation example Concepts 0 Different meanings of individualism for different national culturesLuke s O O O 0 French have a negative View of individualism pejorative sentiment France comes from a long tradition of society individualism therefore is a fundamental threat to structure of society St Simon Individualism dangerous embrace a productive society a new industrial order with regulation by democratic state republican to be french is more important thing German positive View of individualism individualism is to seclude self come up with something useful and then bring it back to society romantic idea notion of individual is uniqueness originality self realization transcended individual against the rationalism Americans individualism is VERY positive not French or German final stage of human development rather than spontaneous cohesive society Enlightenment ideology of theology British largely rooted in political and economic analysis liberty of contract is important limit role of govemment extent of idea of individualism 0 Corporate personhood making use of the 14th Ammendment 0 Cannot deny citizenship to a person based on their race Sources Stephen Lukes Alexis deTocqueville The Corporation doc Historical period emphasized Early colonial period Postcivil war era Week 5 New Deal to Fordism Race Gender Immigration in WWII De nition explanation example Concepts 0 Mode of production regime of accumulation Fordist regime of accumulation economies of scale geared toward mass production and consumption Modes of productionlabor and technologies forces power relations governing 0 Fordism vs Fordist Keynesianism 0 Fordism is factory assembly line mass consumption and mass production management scientific management raise wages so that workers can continue to consume and in turn create new production Fordist Keynesianism branches from a shift due to the depression economic security due to expansive government big government big business big labor create a balance state needs to set the standards step in and prime the pump put money back in and invest in factories and workers supply demand economics welfare state 0 The New Deal The WPA the Popular Front New deal was FDR s way of allowing state needs to set the standards step in and quotprime the pumpquot put money back in and invest in factories and workers supply and demand economics establishment of two government programs unemployment benefits which created a social security administration and the works projects administration which expands the public sector for useful works highwaysartsinfrastructure balancing the holy trinity WPA the largest and most ambitious New Deal agency employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projectsincluding the construction of public buildings and roads and operated large arts drama media and literacy O projects Popular Front New Deal left wing progressive positive notions of liberty associated with radical construction workers trade unionism communism FDR more of a centralist distinct because of racial idealsBillie Holiday Strange Fruit revolt against racial violence used art and other forms to fight against the changing conception of race gender and citizenship spaces of consumption and segregation challenged ethnic whites become white understood to be part of the country but ethnic nationalism still against anyone who is not white biological construction of gender vs sexuality shift in stereotyped gender women leading domesticated household all forms that make it difficult to quotkeep people in their placequot rhetoric of post Jack Johnson vs Jim Jeffries fightdon t puff up your chest too much 0 Changing de nition of liberalism 0 Classical Liberalism laissezfaire economics 0 Left Liberalism government intervention 0 Neoliberalism privatization austerity deregulation 0 Fordist racial regimer 39 39 7 4 u l r 1 Li Sources Eric Foner David Harvey Thomas Holt Zoot Suit documentary Historical period emphasized l930sl 950s New Deal WWII Week 6 The Sixties amp Vietnam Memorial De nition explanation example Concepts 0 sixties freedom helped define US today become more open tolerant and freer Foner 305 demanded access to all benefits Freedom Summer occurred in the 1960s where Civil Right Movements began and fought for their rights with sit ins strikes and boycotts Freedom Summer shows the example of the dilemmas Freedom and We of Nationhood 0 Civil Rights and New Left movements The N ew Left power of liberation organization and legal approaches White youth students protested for rights redefined the meaning of freedom rejected intellectual political categories Civil Rights Movement fight for rightsboycott buses deindustrialized govtpower within the system was followed by the New Left Screen memory Marita Sturken Tangled Memories Memories that function to hide or screen out more difficult memories the subject wants to keep at bay An image can substitute for a memory No original memory to be retrieved it has been rewritten and transformed 0 Imagined community in relation to war and other major events Benedict Anderson The idea of a person belonging to a larger group the nation in concept but he she does not revolve with the other members of the group Sources Eric Foner Freedom on My Mind doc39 Marita Sturken39 Benedict Anderson Sigmund Freud Maya Lin A Strong Clear Vision doc Historical Period emphasized l960sl 980s Week 7 Free Market Fundamentalism Conservatism and PostRace De nition explanation example Concepts 0 Crisis of the 1970s roots and ramifications 0 Global recession In ation Combo of two in stag ation Oilenergy crisis End of Bretton Woods Increased global competition from newly industrialized nations Deindustrialization Federal retrenchment Shrinking of tax base fiscal crisis Social and cultural upheaval of 60s backlash against 0 Urban crisis 0 O O O O O O O 0 From Fordist Keynesianism to PostFordism 0 Postfordist racial regime People in this time period are more open minded and more accepting 0 Neoliberalism 3 main components of 0 Deregulation reduce role of governmenUget rid of laws 0 Austerity withdrawal of state from many areas of social provision less spending on services 0 Privatization to secure property rights and proper function of markets public property to private sectors military defence police and legal structures replace funding with student fees increased endowments involvement with stock and bond markets 0 Ronald Reagan and unification of the conservative movement Reagan brought together the Christian Religious Conservatives and the Fiscal Free Market Conservatives 0 Restoration of class power 0 O O O O gtincreased income andor wealth going to the top 5 l and or 01 gtDecreased or stagnant income going to everyone else gtIncreased salaries for CEOs relative to average worker gtlncreased labor productivity without gains in income gtDecreased unionization and bargaining power Ideal neoliberal citizen The ideal neoliberal citizen are competitive an entrepeneur autonomous self interested self loved is virtuous marketable and use of race and ethnicity to their advantage Reading Milton Freedam39 Example Ronald Reagan O O 0 Difficulty of discussing race and racism in the neoliberal period gtemphasis on individual makes it difficult to think about historically inherited societal or structural inequalities gtemphasis on marketability makes some superficial racialized qualities advantageous as distinguishing features in a crowded market place gtdiscussion of race but not racism Sources Adam Smith39 David Harvey Thomas Holt39 Barack Obama Historical period emphasized 1970s today Week 8 Case Study 1 Education in Crisis De nition explanation example Concepts 0 master plan for CA higher ed 0 O roots 1960s Passed by UC Regents and CA Legislature39 Clark Kerr UC President helps author master plan definition The establishment of the principle of universal access and choice and reaffirmation of California s long time commitment to the principle of tuition free education to residents of the state LE Cal Grant 0 consequences multiversity Having diversity in student body open access have both teaching and research available for students Serrano vs Priest roots definition and consequences 0 Roots Higher property taxes meant that schools in wealthier neighborhoods got more money schools in lowerincome neighborhoods got less gt widening gap between the two Equal funding of all schools in the State regardless of wealth of local communities Ceiling for the amount spent on education hit schools with mo st money in the past hard Consequences decrease in public funding increase in private funding gt still gap between lower income and wealthier schools Prop 13 roots Older people and those who did not have children saw property taxes as a problem and capped it at 1 definition ssessed property values capped at 1975 level Any increase capped at 2 a year w reassessment only occurring upon change of ownership or new construction Property tax capped at 1 can affect corporations too state constitution amended such that any increase in localstate taxed need a 23 majority vote consequences Decline in Public Funding growing class differences between minorities and whitesif you didn t own property had a grandfather that owned property you couldn t vote growing inequality Semiprivatization of K12 public schools and its consequences It creates inequality in education or their respective schools Privatization of public universities and its consequences 0 Def Privatization Wendy Brown replacing public funding with student fees growing corporate sponsorship of research Increased reliance on endowments Involvement with stock and bond markets Consequences transformation of publicly fundedpublic purpose institution to one that is organized to sell products to constmiers O O O students purchasing an education or investors purchasing research results 0 Structural vs cultural reproduction of inequality in schooling 0 structural 0 cultural reproduction Practice theory Cultural Studies Habitus system of durable transportable dispositions Bourdieu cited by Lemert 45 concerted cultivation vs accomplishment of natural growth 0 Concerted cultivation preparing children where both the child and the parents are in charge preparation through organized activities to foster skills for future success 0 eX Making eye contact asking questions 0 Accomplishment of natural growth most of the time this pertains to the working class children are taught to not question things not too much connection with parent and child the idea of letting it be and it will grow 0 Crisis in Public Ed in relation to four dilemmas Sources First to Worst documentary Christopher New eld Peter Shrag Lemert on Bourdieu Annette Lareau Historic period emphasized 1960s to today Week 9 Case Study 2 Katrina De nition explanation example Concepts 0 neoliberal disaster Neoliberal Deregulation privatization 0r austerity cutbacks in social spending This can be found in Cedric J ohnson s article The Neoliberal Deluge 0 fordist vs postfordist urban landscape FordistzNeW Deal inclusion of the previously marginalized Public Works Admin gave people jobs lots of federal money to support public socially responsible gov t PostFordistC0nservative ideology cut socially beneficial programs cut taxes heads of major governmental organizations unqualified irresponsible individuals left vulnerable and abandoned there is no such thing as a natural disaster This disaster could have been avoided if government didn t cut investments prior to the levees breaking O In every phase and aspect of a disaster causes vulnerability preparedness results and response and reconstruction the contours of disaster and the difference between who lives and who dies is to a greater or lesser extent a social calculus The New Orleans population were vulnerable not because of geography but because of long term class and race abandonment poverty exacerbated by the dismantling of social welfare by Democratic and Republican administrations alike the incompetence of FEMA preparations expressed cocooned ruling class comradery cronyism and privilege rather than any concern for the poor and working class and the reconstruction looks set to capitalize on these inequalities and deepen them further gtglobal warming from human carbon emissions Bush ignores global warming evidence rising sea levels gtVulnerability highly differentiated poor and working class typically live in low lands more exposed to ooding environmental pestilence 1927 Flood and its legacy extreme discrimination purposeful ooding of specific cities African American communities to spare wealthier towns poor blacks were forced to build levees for wealthy towns not considered a US citizen instead considered a refugee gt which means you don t get full treatment when disaster hits Lonesome Refugee Laura Smith outpouring of folk music 0 Hurricane Katrina social and natural causes Natural Causes hurricane force winds flooding breaks in levees Social Causes response and level of preparation of local st national gov t Policy choices role of government Didn t declare national disaster 5 days Who s of hell gt race class politics and boundaries around geographic location worth saving Result of social decisions power relations policy choices and resource commitments prior to hurricane Shrunken size and in uence of national government had severe effects transcommunality Transcommunality constructive and developmental interaction occuring among distinct autonomous communities and organizations each with its own history outlook agenda Diverse group setting basis for cooperation


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