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Week 1 textbook notes

by: Brennan Gappy

Week 1 textbook notes PSYC 231 001

Brennan Gappy
GPA 4.0
Social Psychology
Naomi Watanabe

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Social Psychology
Naomi Watanabe
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brennan Gappy on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 231 001 at George Mason University taught by Naomi Watanabe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.

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Date Created: 09/07/15
Social Psychology Week 1 0 De ning social psychology 0 n the scienti c study of the way people s thoughts feelings and behaviors are in uenced by the real or imagined presence of other people Interested in understanding how and why the social environment shapes thoughts feelings and behavior of the person 0 Social Psychology Philosophy Science and Common Sense 0 Social psychologists approach the understanding of social in uences differently Social psychologists develop social in uence through empirical methods ex experiments in which variables are controlled Goal is to discover universal laws and human behavior crosscultural research is important 0 How is social psychology different 0 Personality psychologists explain behavior in terms of the person s character traits 0 Social psychologists explain behavior in terms of power of the situation to shape how a person acts The level of analysis for social psychology is the individual in context of a social situation The level of analysis for sociologists is the group institution or society as a whole Social psychologists try to identify universal properties of human nature that make people susceptible to social in uence regardless of social class gender or culture 0 How people explain and interpret events 0 The power of the situation behavior is powerfully in uenced by the social environment many people don t believe this to be true o Fundamental attribution error the tendency to explain our own and other people s behavior in terms of personality traits and underestimate the power of the situation Social and environmental situations are more powerful than personality differences when determining a person s behavior 0 The importance of interpretation the relationship between individuals and situations is a two way street It s important to understand how people interpret and perceive the social world and the behavior of other more important than objective aspects of a situation I Construal the world as it is interpreted by the individual 0 Where construal s come from o Shaped by two human motives the need to feel good about ourselves and the need to be accurate The selfesteem motive the need to feel good motive most people need to see themselves as good competent and decent people have distorted views of the world to preserve their own self esteem The social cognition motive the need to be accurate social cognition is the study of how human beings think of the world 0 How they select interpret remember and information to make judgments and decisions 0 Individuals typically act on the basis of incomplete and inaccurately interpreted information


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