Intr Envrn Engineerng&Sciences
Intr Envrn Engineerng&Sciences CE 477
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ned Sauer I on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CE 477 at Kansas taught by Stephen Randtke in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see /class/182430/ce-477-kansas in Civil & Envr Engineering at Kansas.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Mike Cleary CE 477 Homework 2 1 U39l V There are multiple longterm effects from malnutrition They include stunted growth and development a weakened immune system lack of genetic maturity and a deprivation ofa quality education The broader impact of these conditions is a weakened regional economy One of the leading contributors to the malnutrition is the chronic diarrhea that plagues many on the children and juveniles of Guatemala Frequent diarrhea deprives kids of the nutrients that are needed for growth and development Compile that with a marginal or less than adequate diet to begin with and it quickly becomes a serious situation The two stages are longterm investments in water purification facilities and in the near term to focus of household health practices that include education about water storage treatment and personal hygiene The longterm goal is to establish functioning water purification and wastewater disposal facilities Through better education about household hygiene the spread of sickness and disease can be slowed significantly in the community Health education programs appropriate water treatment methods chlorine treated water sources and satisfactory water storage facilities SODIS is the Solar Water Disinfection system that was developed by the Swiss Federal Agency for environmental science and technology It s a four V V V part process to clean water that consists of clearing solids from suspension to lower the turbidity to below 30 ntu The water is then placed in clear plastic bottles of 1 to 2 liters The water is then aerated and exposed to sunlight for a minimum of 6 hours This process effectively lowers the cases of diarrhea by 86 She says that boiling water is not a viable option due to the cost of fuel and the scarcity of wood for burning in many third world countries The advantages of sedimentation are that it is cheap and easy to perform It is an adequate pretreatment for other processes such as SODIS The disadvantage is that sedimentation is not always an effective means to remove pathogens from the water Sedimentation in combination with SODIS can greatly improve water quality The article did a greatjob of explaining what needs to be done and I agree with the author As a shortterm fiX I believe that it is necessary to distribute multivitamins and at home chlorination kits that can be used to clean water and give kids the vitamins that they need for development
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