Environmental Studies 3
Environmental Studies 3
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This 5 page Reader was uploaded by Deborah Notetaker on Thursday May 29, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 83 views.
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Date Created: 05/29/14
May 20 2014 Today s Music La Valse by Maurice Ravel 18751937 THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF GLOBAL WARFARE o Ypres 0 World War I overview I Getting resources and maintaining their colonies I Engendered the technology to the technology we have today nuclear power I 1700s1800s war has been expanding o The Great War I World War II called The Great War I All continents were involved I Ypres Belgium I German AustriaHungary Bulgaria and Turkey military alliances o Assassination of Franz Ferdinand I 1914 Franz Ferdinand was the heir of the throne for AustriaHungary I His assassination started the Great War I Great Britain was allied with France 0 Western Front I Between France and Germany into Belgium I They were landlocked in the west 0 North Sea I Ypres was close to the North Sea I Ypres was a pivotal city during WWI because it was close to the sea 0 1 Battle of Ypres I 1914 I 238 thousand mostly German probably because of the new technologies machine guns 0 Winston Churchill I Was a foot soldier in the 15 Battle of Ypres I Prime minister of Great Britain during WI 0 Machine guns I Main weapon during this time 0 2 Battle of Ypres I 1915 I 105thousand deaths in 2 battle 0 Poison gas 0 Blister tear vomiting nerve gas I All these toxic gases were used I Germans introduced these gases during 2 Battle I Chemical warfare was fairly undependable but was still used 0 Flamethrowers o 3 Battle of Ypres I JulyNov 1917 newest weapon was the tank I It carries more cannons and soldiers could march behind the tank and shoot in relative safety I 570000 total I 900000 dead 600000 Wounded in the battles of Ypres I Still today many parts of France are unarable because there are still canisters of poison gas in the ground chemicals are still in the ground I Nov 1918 ends WWI Americans come and break the stalemate I Arial warfare was developed in WW1 In uenza 0 Spanish Flu I Called Spanish Flu because so many people were dying in Spain I Spread by pigs 0 Questionable origins I Probably originated in Asia 0 Wartime conditions I Exacerbated the problem I Food shortages weakens the population I No sanitation had to live in trenchespoor conditions 0 Alfred Crosby 0 America s Forgotten Pandemic I The In uenza in 1918 I an article by Alfred Crosby it s in the reader 0 Camp Funston KS 0 Albert Mitchell I Patient 0 I Was a soldier at Cam Funston Kansas I Were training for WWI I March 11 I Within a week the epidemic spread 0 US Public Health Service I Formed 1912 in anticipation of a pandemic I The government was shutting down everything to minimize contact after the war was over no parades or gatherings etc I Killed more young people I 1 million USA died 1 of world s population I 50 million deaths from WWI 2025 million died from Spanish Flu o Woodrow Wilson I 18561924 Wanted to implement the League of Nations but became sick with the u and was not able to get his vision 0 Franklin Roosevelt I 18821945 I Went to France and got the u pneumonia in both lungs I Got polio after he survived the u Stalingrad o Interwar Period I After WWI I Invaded Poland September 1939 o Adolf Hitler o Nazis 0 May 22 2014 Today s music Samuel barber Adagio for Strings Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler The Ballad of the Green Berets Country Joe amp the Fish Fixin to Die Rag USSR Josef Stalin Battle of Stalingrad I Was one continuous battle siege after siege I 1000s of soldiers froze to death was killed in battle etc I Lasted a year Winter of 1942 was the severe winter that froze the soldiers I Victory of the Soviets I Turning point of the war in Europe I Back of the German army was broken in the Battle of Stalingrad I 500000 soviets died 500000 Nazis died 1 million dead Volgograd I Renamed Volograd today to write off Stalin from their history Caspian Sea Lilya Litvyak I Fire pilot 12 confirmed kills I Was killed at age 22 Great Patriotic War I 1 out of 4 Russians died in WWII women and men participated in the War Environmental impact I Stalingrad is destroyed I After Battle of Stalingrad Adolf Hitler said the gods of war has gone to the other side Final Tuesday June 10 91 lam Same format as midterm Merrie Melodies Cartoon The Scorched Earth 0 The Ecology of War I Reading I Jungle amp desert 0 Vietnam I War between North amp South Vietnam I North Red Communist China amp Soviet China I South French I The US helped the French in the fight against communism I 17 parallel I Scorched Earth fields are burned etc I War fought in Cambodia amp Laos Defoliation I Getting rid of the jungle so the enemy cannot hide Agent Orange I 2 chlorinated hydrocarbons I Chemical used to burn down jungles defoliant I Weed killers combinedamp mixed with kerosene I Spread by aircrafts low ying crop airplanes dropped agent orange on the jungles I Late 1960s practiced in Vietnam I 6million acres of jungle destroyed mostly in South Vietnam Operation Ranch Hand I Name for the defoliation mission I Killed mango trees animals etc I The motto Only we can prevent forests I Caused longterm erosion drastically changed the ecosystem of Vietnam Rome plows I Deployed rome plows made by Rome plow company from Georgia I 115 ft wide and had a lancer spear 20ft in front of them I Cleared huge amount of forest caused severe erosion because it was a monsoon area the rain just eroded the exposed earth Jungle fires I Douse the jungles with kerosene gasoline to set jungles on fire I Atmosphere ground surface water contamination from gasoline amp burning wood Weather modification I Would send planes up and seed the clouds with silver iodide this was to cause rainstorms chemical warfare it affected them too Carpet bombing I Bombing Vietnam Fuelair explosives I Contained Napalm I Exploded above surface and just set the jungles on fire Napalm I Flammable agent that explodes and spreads fires Jacksonville AR I US involvement in Vietnam was not successful withdrew in 1974 I Did a huge amount of damage to Vietnam ecologically vast effects that still affect Vietnam today I They made Agent Orange here I The residents of Jacksonville AR suddenly began to get sick it was from the leftover chemicals from the old factory I The chemicals got into the ground water Dioxinville I Dioxin was a chemical output of agent orange when it gets into the water I Name of Jacksonville Persian Gulf War I 1991 Iraq invaded Kuwait Kuwait invasion I Feb 1991 Saddam Husein I I will destroy this environment than let the enemy have it George HW Bush I Late months of 1990 he arranged a coalition of countries to liberate Kuwait I This was Feb 1991 when it was arranged Mother of all battles I Promised mother of all battles when referring to the freedom of Kuwait I Iraqis in Kuwait were not prepared compared to the US and the other countries coalition Oil Spills I Iraqis Scorched the earth as they retreated they set the numerous oil wells in Kuwait on fire I Trying to ruin the land before the countries claimed it I US threatened to stop ow of water into Iraq if the war continued didn t happen because Iraqis military pretty much fell apart Environmental terrorism I They took everything to threaten the enemy environmental manipulation to go against the enemy I There is a possibility of making the environment deadly against the enemy Gulf War syndrome I Gulf War Syndrome respiratory problems resulting from this war still affects the soldiers today sleep headaches etc HBomb 19521953 more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki o Themonuclear warfare I Causes tremendous amounts of heat I Huge bombs megatons 0 Atomic Cafe film 1982 I Made by historians
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