Week 2 Notes PHI 2010
Week 2 Notes PHI 2010 PHI 2010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Marin on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by Randolph Clarke in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Theological Argument 9715 847 PM Took inclass quiz CompetingHypothesis Objections 2 Even if the Theological Argument provides good evidence for its conclusion it fails to provide good evidence that it was God who made the world and observation of the world can t provide that further evidence 2 Review about competing hypotheses about the makers of the world from last week Weak Analogy Objections 2 In fact the Theological Argument doesn t provide good evidence for the truth of its conclusion because the analogy between the world and machines isn t very strong 2 World could ve been created like a watch by design andor by machines 2 Need to be cautious about reasoning about things that resemble each other because they weren t necessarily made in the same way Our world could be the offspring of other worlds like eggs are of animals and seeds are of plants or could be the design of an intelligent mind A world just like it s similar to a watch it s similar to an animal or a plant 0 This means the world is the offspring of another world 0 Mommy amp Daddy Worlds Question Since the world isn t morally perfect and the supposed divine beingquot is allperfect and allmoral then does that mean the world wasn t created by the divine being 0 Solar systems break down infants die there s wars mass slaughters pained infants 0 This could mean the maker of the world was not an allperfect being Because perfect makes perfect The Cosmological Argument 9715 847 PM 1 There exist some beings 2 Every being that exists must be either a dependent being or a self existent being 3 It cannot be the case that every being that exists is a dependent being 4 Therefore there exists a selfexistent being Thomas Aquinas 13th century Samuel Clarke 17th18th centuries Dependent being DB 0 A thing whose existence is due to the activity of another being or beings Selfexistent being SB 0 A thing whose existence is due to its own nature whose existence follows from its essence 0 Could we have possibly not existed 0 Our parents could have never met at all 0 The allperfect onequot Thinkers say that if something is allperfect then it must be selfexistent since it exists due to its own nature If God exists he would be an example What about an Uncaused being U3 0 A being whose existence isn t due to anything at all The Principle of Sufficient Reason PSR o For everything there must be a sufficient reason a reason why it is rather than is not Part a of PSR or PSRa o For every being that exists there must be an explanation why it exists rather than not Part b of PSR or PSRb For every positive fact there must be a sufficient reason an explanation of why it is so rather than not so DB DB DB 3 J i Something is selfevident if it is evidently true and the evidence for its truth comes just from considering it
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