Highly sophisticated social structure and religious cosmology of Mexica.
Highly sophisticated social structure and religious cosmology of Mexica. HIST 1100 - 01
Popular in American History to 1865
Popular in History
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HIST 1100 - 01
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by SC_Grace Dillon on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by michelle morris in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 Highly sophisticated social structure and religious cosmology of Mexica Polytheistic 1 gods required blood sacri ces 2 Believed without the sacri ces the sun will stop moving in the sky Society which valued war and religious worship 1 Warriors ad priests were at the top of the social structure The Mexican Empire 1 The culture values violence and conquest 2 War was necessary to maintain the Mexican empire 3 Encompassed 825 million England at this time had 4 million 4 Primarily conquered tributary states a Provide food luxury goods slaves and victims for sacri ce b If they provide these thing to the empire they are guaranteed safety from the Mexica army 5 The size was larger then Spain and Portugal combined Hernan Cortes 1 Was determined to nd the wealthy city of Mexica 2 Sets off to nd gold in 1519 3 Traveled t the Yucatan peninsula a Trades with the people b They give him a slave girl named Malinali i Had a rough life but was educated and understood culture ii Stepfather sold her into slavery after her father died Making her very mad iii She serves as an interpreter for Cortez 4 Made allies when he could a Fought when diplomacy would not give him what he wanted 5 Tributary people don39t like the mexica rule Men who are amazed my Cortez and his technology And Cortez wants to conquer the Mexica Empire Which all leads to aid in the conquest 1519 Montezuma hears rumor about the Spaniards approaching 1 Their arrival is said to be the trigger for the end of the universe 2 They try to impress him and hope he will leave a Gave Cortez a gold wheel Which impresses him and only makes him want the city more Conquest of Mexica 1 Aug 1519 marched to Tenochtitlana a Welcomed by Montezuma mexica emperor b Took Montezuma prisoner and initially tried to use him as a puppet governor 2 Massacre for Mexican Nobles leads to war 3 1521 Spanish defeat the empire with aid of subject nations a Cortez has technology and military b Cortez ghts for complete conquest Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 i Brought with them disease c Mexica ghts with the goal of adding the losers to their tribunal states i Goal to make the enemy39s loose the will to ght d Allies of the tribunal states helps them win the war i Allies realize that the Spanish isn39t any better Rise of encomiendas 1 A reciprocal relationship between the encomendero and his people a Exchange labor and tribute for Christianity protection and jus ce b Quickly becomes a slave labor system i Very deadIy ii By the end on15005 African slaves needed to be imported into the state because the original slaves were dying off c By the end of 15005 Spain claimed massive portions of north and South America Profound effect on the European economy 1 Imported millions of pesos worth of gold and silver into Spain a Caused massive in ation 2 Spain used the money to ght wars of domination a Charles V and Philip II b Wars cost so much more then the medals that were imported c Instead of enriching the people the Spanish success made it harder for the people i Tons of pride Roanoke rather Obscure Island in Western Europe makes a go at colonization and fails miserably 1 Indentures servitude someone in England who cannot pay for travel makes a deal with the ships caption a Gives years of servitude to the caption in exchange for a trip i Caption has no need and auctions off the servitude 1 Buyer can do whatever they like with the contractee 2 Only way out is to get the master to agree to let you purchase your contract b Makes discovery that they can make tobacco 2 Sir Walter Raleigh founder of Roanoke Colony and favorite of queen Elizabeth a Why did they want to plant a colony at Roanoke Needs to convince the queen i To undermine the Spanish ii To liberate the Indians iii To rescue the English poor b Gold and war i Spain is conquering European countries and England in next So they need money to build a stronger army 1 Mostly religiously motivates Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 a Spain main catholic motivator Favorite of the pope b England is protestant 2 Elizabeth was not willing to risk open war with Spain but allows individuals to pick off Spanish feet a Privateering legal pirating i Board the ship Take whatever you want and then go home ii The queen turns a blind eye to what39s happening 3 Saving the Indians quotthe black legendquot a Stories about Spanish treatment of the colonized Indians had spread throughout Europe primarily through the writings of critical clergymen i Forced labor and forced conversation to Catholicism ii Horrific physical abuse b Exaggerated through the lens of cultural animosity i The black legend 4 English Brought their own assumptions of cultural superiority to the table a Roanoke39s backers imagine Anglicizing rather than enslaving the Indians b What the English thought they had to offer i Protestant Christianity ii English liberty iii Thought of themselves as the freest people on earth 1 Mixed government 2 Rule of law b Wanted imperialism not making them slaves 5 Saving the English poor a Why were there so many poor i Very fast population growth ii In ation brought on my in ux of gold and silver iii Economic transition enclosure 1 Rise of largescale woolen manufacturing a Prompted by landlords ending leases i To make sheep pastures 2 Left many people homeless and jobless b Wandering poor i Mostly people who drifted from town looking for food 1 Not boor because they are but because they cannot ndjobs ii Political threat 1 The wandering poor have no stake in the way society is structured iii Social threat 1 The wandering poor are having basterd children and cant support them a Corrupting society Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 2 Often turn to theft to survive a Most are capital offences b Seen that there is support for not hanging people who steel i Instead send them to the colonies 1 Pushes the wandering poor out of society 2 Actually makes them help and do good in the new world c Queen Elizabeth gave Walter Raleigh permission to colonize i Walter found Roanoke and thought it was perfect 1 Close enough to prey on Spanish shipping 2 Indians appeared to be friendly 3 Land seemed to be fertile ii Reality of Roanoke 1 Is actually perfect location a Located in the modern day north Carolina 2 Perfect location for the treasure eet ruit a The eet has to travel up the coast passing the base iii The rst Roanoke colony 1585 1 A military venture 2 Offshoot of a privateering voyage a b c d About 500 soldiers left England About 100 settled in Roanoke Few craftsmen and scientists and artists settled The rest of the original crew were devoted solely to privateering 3 The needs of the colony had to be tted around the needs or privateers 4 Problem with food a b The settlers got there too late to plant crops One of the ships caring food was ancured and the food was destroyed i The location had awful coast The soldiers worked at constructing a fort nding better anchoring and exploring i But they never grow food ii They rely on the locals 1 They are willing to provide food but only short term 5 Violence and the colony collapse a Relations began peacefully but soon punctured with violence i Burned a village over a stolen cup 1 The colonies have no food and are stuck of the bank Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 are antagonizing their neibors ii Tensions over food iii The colonists who are solders are trained in combat and conquest not diplomacy b The colonies governor became convinced that the local Indians were conspiring to murder them i Unlikely conspiracy c The governor decides to leave i Attacks the local chief d A week later supple ships arrived but they decide to go back to England and not stay in the colony 6 Richard Grenville arrives at the colony to nd that it is empty a Leaves about 15 soldiers so quotholdquot the land for England iv The second Roanoke colony 1 2 An agrarian settlement 1587 New ideas a The colony supplied their own food b Had family39s not soldiers Located in Chesapeake a In modern northern Virginia The bad start a When they get to the abandoned colony i They nd the dead 15 men b The ships caption refuses to take them an further Colonists wanted to bring the Roanoke lndian who came back to Europe to puppet govern for the local tribe a We don39t know what happened next i The colonists governor left to go back to England 1 War broke out between England and Spain 2 Returned 3 years later When the governor returned he found a Demolished houses b The word quotcroatonquot carved on the settlement i Was the name of the nearby island of a friendly Indian tribe c No colonists no bodies d No Maltese cross found i A symbol of danger Tuesday September 12015 Thursday September 3 2015 e Raleigh tried many times to nd the colonists
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