Week 2 Notes
Popular in People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Alexandra Lord on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 240 at Illinois State University taught by Michael Dougherty in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community in Sociology at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Socioloy 240 People in Places Week Two Notes Key questions in sociology related to community 1 How is nature of community changing 9 No socializing 9 Don t know neighbors 9 Have online friends 9 Too much time with internet TV games and not people 2 What are the power dynamics within communities 3 Why are some communities weak and others strong 4 Changing Nature of rural 9 How do we define a rural community 5 Social management of natural resources a Parks b Sprawl c Tourism d Pollution Elements of Community of Place 1 Territory 2 Institutions gt local social organizations institutions 3 Social interaction gt on matters concerning common interest 4 A place where there are opportunities to live work and consume Institution gt broader than concrete things like schools 9 Ex History Memories Community gt Territory institutions interaction Society gt exercise of sovereignty over a territory Culture gt shared norms rituals and world views connected through social relations Identity gt The crystallization within an individual of the social and cultural relations in which heshe is involved and which heshe is led to reproduce or reject 9 Ex Jews of the diaspora form communities within societies Neighborhood 9 Greater emphasis on geography and less on social dimension 9 Primary focus on residence Community 9 Greater emphasis on social aspects and less on geography Community Sociology 9 Wide disagreement over the definition 9 The community question lost saved or liberated 9 Romanticizing small rural agrarian dates from Tonnies 9 Stuck on placebased value sense of place 9 Tend to imagine communities as homogeneous and problemfree ideal type Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Gemeinshschaft 9 Families stay local 9 Personableinformal 9 Connections are intimate 9 Common interests 9 Ruralareas Gesellschaft 9 People tend to leave areas 9 Impersonalformal 9 Very vague connections fake 9 Urban areas 9 Work lives Both point to a continuum Community vs Society Tradition vs Change OrganicReal vs MechanicalImaginary Collective vs Rational Will Private vs Public Old vs New Morals vs Laws UnselfishConsiderate vs Selfish Both have Pros and Cons Strong community bonds in small communities 9 Translate into aversion from people from outside Gesellschaft people are essentially separate despite factors which unite them Gemeinschaft any action by one individual manifests the will and spirit of the collective Humans as rural people 9 Human nature to live rurally Cities were unplanned 9 Industrial Revolution Happened overnight Jobs cash Capitalistic economy Pulled rural people into urban 0000 No labor laws I No minimum wage Gemeinschaft Positive associations with farmers market 9 Farmers own goods producer and seller directly 0 Good quality Gesellschaft Negative associations with walmarts 9 Walmart other producers at other places shipped to intermediate company stocked and sits dozen different hands 0 Only for profit All communities are different from one another 9 Why 0 Global economic integration Globalization Commonalities between rural and urban Change is ultimately a bad thing Types of Rural Communities 1 Rural and Remote far from cities gt can t piggyback 2 Persistent Poverty entire community on one industry gt city goes under 3 AmenityBased Retirement Homes Tourist Attractions gt Capitalize on natural beauty 4 Rapid Growth ExUrban Piggyback on surrounding areas a Rural near to urban and urban expands itself i Ex Chicago s suburbs b Rural can capitalize and piggyback Isolation and mobility are important factors
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