Lecture notes for Week One
Lecture notes for Week One ART 283
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Medina on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 283 at Central Michigan University taught by Scott De Brestian in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Intro to Western Art I in Art at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
History of Western Art ART 283 Sept 4 Class 3 The Rise of Civilization The Cave Paintings at Lascaux The mystery of Stonehenge Earliest cities in the near east Previous Lecture Continued Unlikely the paintings were a ritual to ensure a good hunt because lions were depicted and bones that were found didn39t match up Cave paintings may have been a form of magic that gave them the power to take on characteristics of the animal depicted This was done by Shaman shamanism We can39t be certain this was this case There aren39t many human gures depicted during this time period quotRhinoceros Wounded Man and Bisonquot Lascaux May not relate to one another We will try to connect a story Bison looks injured arrows guts Human gure is clearly male Man looks like he39s falling man has a birdlike face Shaman in the middle of taking on his quotspirit animalquot Bison has a composite pose showing multiple viewpoints on a gure Earliest example of storytelling Climate change warmerdryer Had to try to follow the plants they used 10000 years ago they discovered agriculture First examples in the near east Soon after they started to domesticate animals Villages became more practical Neolithic C 6000 5700 BC Stone amp mud bricks Rectangular 12 stories tall at rooves No doors roof hole with a latter Seemed to be a lack of planning Most were for dwelling some were different Sanctuary at Catal HoyUk Bull heads are found here too Leopard Deer Imnta Cartal HIT 1131151 Turke ca f I BEE L Neolithir n Abstract lack of detail no sense of distance no ground line More human gures More organized Hunting related to each other Megalithic Salisbury Plain England C 2800 1500 BC Bluestones came from far away Henge circle Megalithic mega big Were druids responsible Celtic people quotNo Stonehenge is older than the druids Stonehenge was in use for around 1000 years during that time it was added to and subtracted from Modi ed over hundreds of years No cities in that area were farmers responsible Trilithons the biggest stones Post amp Lintel 2 vertical 1 horizontal over top it Mortise and tenon joints History of Western Art ART 283 Prehistoric to Medieval Aug 31 Periodicalphilosophic way of thinking Prehistoric Europe The fertile crescent middle east The Greek world The roman empire Medieval Europe Form what an object looks like 47 Content what an object is W Context circumstances under which it was made the study of the historical context of art Who Who made it artist andor culture What What is it what formal qualities does it have Where Where was it made seen Why What motivated its creation How How was it made Sept2 History of Western Art ART 283 Class 2 The Earliest Art 0 quotOld Stone Agequot BC Upper Paleolithic c 38000 10000 Tools were made from bone and stone lithic stone Paleo old Paleolithic Austria C 28000 25000 BC period Palm sized Limestone Naturalistic amp abstract features Exaggerated features breasts stomach thighs Minimized features arms feet quotVenus figurinesquot Larger women are believed to have healthier pregnancies and more successful births Fertility charm Teaching tool Ancient porn 39 NMTIOML GEDCWHHC Paleolithic Mamoth bones found 0 C 15000 13000 BC Animals patterns of dots negative handprints quotThe Chinese Horsequot Ritual to quothelpquot them catch food Chauvet Cave France C 30000 BC Lions amp other animals
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