Week Two Notes
Week Two Notes 375
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmen Saulsberry on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 375 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Health Education Foundations in Public Health at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Thursday September 3 2015 DPH 375 Chapter 3 Philosophy summarizes the attitudes principles beliefs values and concepts that are held by an individual or group Philodoxy is a literal meaning for the love of opinion lets the opinion define reality Why does one need a philosophy Because it helps form the basis for reality how we see the world It helps to determine how one lives works plays and approaches life It s a key factor in choice of occupation spouse religion and friends Health IS NOT a moral issue Philosophy of symmetry 0 States that health has physical emotional spiritual and social components all of equal importance 0 Analogy think of it as a salad and how you can pick out the ingredients one by one Holistic philosophy 0 States that a man is essentially a unified integrated organism 0 When all of the components of health are integrated combined 0 Analogy think of a cake when it s mixed you can t pick out the ingredients one by one because it s integrated in this case mixed up all together Humanism 0 Promotes the basic premise of the worth of human life and the ability to achieve human success Thursday September 3 2015 Wellness 0 Always a positive quality as opposed to illness being negative that is visualized as the integration of the spiritual intellectual physical emotional environmental and social dimensions of health to form a whole healthy person 0 In contrast Balog 2005 believes that health in reference to nature should be seen solely as a physical state he cautions about confusing good life with good health The seven dimensions makes up health social spiritual intellectual physical emotional environmental and career Things such as good health heartiness signs of illness chronic illness premature death etc are all associated with health or wellness Premature Death If you died before your life expectancy Thursday September 3 2015 There are tools that health educators use when employing any of these philosophies Behavior Change Philosophy 0 Focuses on modifying unhealthy factors 0 Tools health educators use for BCP behavior contracts goal settings and self monitoring Cognitivebased Philosophy 0 Focuses on the acquisition of content and factual information 0 Tools health educators use for CBP advertisement promotional persistence billboards MOST people know better but chooses not to do better Decisionmaking Philosophy 0 Emphasizes critical thinking and lifelong learning 0 Tools health educators use for DMP case studies testimonials decision making and problem solving Freeing or Functioning Philosophy Don t blame individuals on their health status Focuses on freeing people to make the best decisions for them based on their needs and interests not necessarily for society Don t blame them or shame them for their health choices Example Childhood vaccines Thursday September 3 2015 Social Change Philosophy 0 Emphasizes creating social economical and political change that benefits the health of individuals and groups 0 Closely related to health promotion 0 Important approach to changing people s behaviors 0 Example Cigarette taxes smoke free signs etc 0 Tools policies laws environmental changes such as sidewalks Eclectic Philosophy 0 Focuses on an adapting approaching that is appropriate for setting 0 Heavily influenced by settings worksites schools communities and medical settings Remember Four core functions of health education Assess Plan Implement Evaluate An overriding goal of any health intervention is the betterment of health for the person or the group involved A health educators philosophy will impact the approach he or she takes to a job Thursday September 3 2015 Which of the six predominant health education philosophies best aligns with what you consider
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