Chapter 16 Book Notes
Chapter 16 Book Notes psy 240
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Rinaldi on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to psy 240 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Parlade in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see abnormal psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Chapter 16 Personality Disorders l Preface A Personality uniquely expressed characteristics that in uence our behaviors emotions thoughts and interactions B Traits lead us to react in fairly predictable ways but our personality can change C Personality disorder an enduring rigid pattern of inner experience and outward behavior that repeatedly impairs an individual s sense of self emotional experiences goals capacity for empathy andor capacity for intimacy D 913 of adults have a personality disorder many don t know E personality disorders are often comorbid F quotcategorical approachquot is very black amp white you have a disorder or you don t G dimensional approach is better people with personality disorders have extreme degrees of problematic traits H validity and reliability of DSM 5 is questionable because symptoms for different disorders overlap ll Odd Personality Disorders A Paranoid Personality Disorder 1 Preface a De nition a personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others b People find hidden meanings usually belittling or threatening c Remain cold and distant in relationships d NOT delusional e Critical of others but unable to recognize their own mistakes 2 How Do Theorists Explain Paranoid Personality Disorder a Received little research b Oldest explanations demanding distant and rigid parents i Causes people to project feelings onto others and feel persecuted c Genetics or environment can be a factor twin studies 3 Treatments for Paranoid Personality Disorder a Few seek treatment b Objectrelations therapists focus on relationships c Cognitive amp behavioral techniques often combined i Behavioral trying to reduce anxiety ii Cognitive developing realistic interpretations of others words B Schizoid Personality Disorder 1 Preface b c d 2 Ho a b De nition a personality disorder characterized by persistent avoidance of social relationships and little expression of emotion These people prefer to be alone take little interest in relationships Lack of social skills show no emotion lt1 of population more males than females w Do Theorists Explain Schizoid Personality Disorder Unsatis ed need for human contact Cognitive theorists think that they suffer from de ciencies in their thinking Vague amp empty thoughts inaccurate perceptions of the world Unable to pick up amp respond to emotional cues from others 3 Treatments for Schizoid Personality Disorder a b C Most don t enter treatment and those who do usually don t bene t CBT Cognitive Writing down emotions amp pleasurable expedences Behavioral teaching social skills to clients Drug therapy is of limited help C Schizotypal Personality Disorder 1 Preface a H ow Similar factors are at work here amp in schizophrenia Linked to family con ict and psychological disorders in De nition a personality disorder characterized by extreme discomfort in close relationships odd forms of thinking and perceiving and behavioral eccentricities More severe than paranoid and schizoid disorders Ideas of reference beliefs that unrelated events pertain to them Bodily illusions sensing an external force or presence Do strange things organizationally or wear weird clothes Have dif culty keeping attention focused convo with loose associations lead an idle unproductive life 24 of all people more males than females Do Theorists Explain Schizotypal Personality Disorder pa rents Backward masking showing patients one object after another and having the patients identify 2nCI object schizotypal people have trouble with this Biological factors high dopamine activity enlarged brain ventricles smaller temporal lobes loss of gray matter Personality disorder is linked to disorders of mood 3 Treatments for Schizotypal Personality Disorder a Goal to help clients reconnect with world and recognize their limits b CBT i Cognitive teaching clients to evaluate their unusual thoughts or perceptions objectively and ignore inappropriate ones ii Behavioral speech lessons social skills training tips on appropriate dress and manners c Antipsychotic drugs I Dramatic Personality Disorders A Antisocial Personality Disorder 1 Preface a De nition a personality disorder marked by a general pattern of disregard for and violation of other people s rights b Must be 18 for diagnosis but pattern is present before this age c Lie can t hold a job careless with money impulsive irritable aggressive often travel from place to place d Reckless little regard for safety of themselves or others lack conscience e 235 of people 4x more common in men 30 of people in jail f high rates of alcoholismother substance use disorders g children with conduct disorder have a higher risk of developing this 2 How Do Theorists Explain Antisocial Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Antisocial Personality Disorder a D B Borderline Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain Borderline Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder a D C Histrionic Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain Histrionic Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Histrionic Personality Disorder a D D Narcissistic Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain Narcissistic Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Narcissistic Personality Disorder a D IV Anxious Personality Disorders A Avoidant Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain Anxious Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Anxious Personality Disorder a D B Dependent Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain Dependent Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for Dependent Personality Disorder a D C ObsessiveCompulsive Personality Disorder 1 Preface a D 2 How Do Theorists Explain ObsessiveCompulsive Personality Disorder a D 3 Treatments for ObsessiveCompulsive Personality Disorder a D V Multicultural Factors Research Neglect A D VI Are There Better Ways to Classify Personality Disorders A The quotBig Fivequot Theory of Personality and Personality Disorders 1 D B quotPersonality Disorder Trait Specified Another Dimensional Approach 1 d
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