Psychology 202: Psychological Disorders
Psychology 202: Psychological Disorders
Popular in Course
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Bryce Buser on Sunday June 1, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views.
Reviews for Psychology 202: Psychological Disorders
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 06/01/14
Psychology 202 CRN 37657 T R 4 550pm Updates Class 1 is not included in my note taking we went over the syllabus and that was it What You Need to Know Notes that you need to know are in black Any notes that I have added for clarity on the topic will be in green Hopefully this makes things a more clear for you all and if you have any ideas in how I can format these notes to make things even easier send me an email at buseruoregonedu Study Tip Turn these notes into ashcards Use bolded words for the front and the definitions for the back Start studying for finals It39s never too early and with other finals and projects to complete it39s better to start too early rather than too late Skim the readings you39ve already read read the ones you haven39t and begin reviewing lectures from the start of the term to refresh you memory Thursday May 29 2014 Corresponding Readings Textbook p 617725 Vocabulary A Brief and Important History there is a long and dark history concerning psychological disorders In the middle ages psychosocial disorders were seen as a punishment or a test of faith and the people as possessed by evil spirits These people were seen as deserving of their issues and it was this view that lead to the harsh treatment Psychological Disorders Today Psychological disorders have been incorporated in to the disease model which now makes it a medical disorder There are still differences for example a diagnosis needing a blood test vs a clinical interview There is still an enormous stigma to psychological disorders as people still do not view diabetes and schizophrenia as in the same category as far as medicine goes Criteria for Psychological Disorders Freud defined disorders as something that compromises an individual ability to love and work In correlation the three D39s are Distress Disfunction and Deviance Abnormal psychology is where we draw The Line it is subjective and based on culture and place Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychological Disorders 1 Autism 2 SubstanceAbuse 3 Eating Disorders 4 Sleep Disorders 5 Schizophrenia 6 Personality Disorders Dissociative Disorders a Memoryreality 8 Anxiety Disorders a Phobias 9 Mood Disorders l Eating Disorders Anorexia affects 5 1 of all women and 1 of all men in the US Teen girls make up 40 of these cases Bulimia affects 13 of women in the United States and 2 of men again most frequent in teen girls Schizophrenia Schizo meaning split and phrenia meaning mind Affects 1 3 million of the population and is equal amount men and women and makes up the most common mental hospital patient It has a large genetic component but can be caused by environmental stressors or viruses It starts in the late teen years early adulthood Schizophrenia Positive Symptoms Positive symptoms are symptoms that are actually connected with caused by schizophrenia These symptoms include hallucinations usually auditory gods aliens CIANSA delusions persecution reference grandeur control disorganized speech and odd motor movements Schizophrenia Negative Symptoms Negative symptoms are symptoms that are lacking in people with schizophrenia The negative symptom of schizophrenia is the absence of normal emotional thought affect Dissociative Identity Disorder a split personality and dissociation from realty It is defined by two or more personality states and can even cause one to be unable to recall personal information Anxiety Disorders affects 3 of people which is 10 million people Includes phobias which are abnormal anxiety reactions and OCD obsessive compulsive disorder obsessive relates to thoughts and compulsive relates to actions These disorders are often co morbid with depression and all have genetic components and environmental triggers Depression the biggest psychological affect on society and includes Bipolar Depression and Unipolar Depression Bipolar Depression this is a manic depression and can alternate from states of depression to state of mania It affects 1 2 of the population and is equal between men and women It is genetic and very dangerous 20 of cases result in suicide It develops in teens and young adults Unipolar Depression two types Dysthymia and Major Depression that affects 13 of men and 22 of women It is the 4th most prevalent medical disorder and is expected to rise to 2nd in 2020 Two weeks is the minimum to be considered an episode and has a monetary cost of 83 billion a year Dysthymia a lower less of depression but is more persistent Major Depression a more intense depression that comes in episodes Major Depression Causes the causes of major depression are multifunctional and can be neurotransmitters and or environmental and genetic factors There is an overlapping balance between norepinephrine dopamine and serotonin The 5 HTT Gene the genes that your cells contain have different alleles variants and based on the events that occur in your life the different variants of the genes have different affects on your depression risk If you have two short short genes then you are at an increased risk for depression than if you had longlong IF there are many stressors in your life If those stressors are not present in your life then it is better to have the long genes which can actually help to protect you from depression Major Depression Symptoms in order to be diagnosed with major depression you need to show the one necessary and four other symptoms for a minimum of two weeks Affective Symptoms Necessary 1 Sadness 2 Anhedonia Cognitive Symptoms Other 1 Guilt 2 Negative Self Attributions 3 Diminished ConcentrationDecisiveness 4 Catastrophizing Behavioral Symptoms Other 1 Psychomotor Retardation 2 Vegetative Symptoms 3 Self InjurySuicidalideation Suicide Statistics suicide is the 10th highest cause of death in the US and the 2nd among young people 1st being car accidents We hear all about war and killings but twice as many people die by their own hand than by anything you39ll hear in the news There is an unspoken rule about journalists not giving suicide coverage for fear of pushing people off the edge who were already thinking about it People who commit suicide are sometimes looking for attention and if they see that suicide gets that attention it is feared that news coverage would urge them to go through with it Attempts are higher in females while deaths are higher in males likely to be associated with the means used for the attempts Depression Treatments Time time can help with depression since most depression will get bad but does in fact get better If you just wait it out if it is not very severe you won39t be depressed forever Placebo actually works best for pain physical pain mental etc Medication Alternative Treatments fish oil is a good alternative treatment Meditation good for everything Cognitive behavioral therapy how to respond to negative thoughts outside of your psychologist s office Exercise has all positive side affects unlike medication The best advice is to practice proper sleep hygiene and get the same amount of sleep every night at the same times Your Personal Pathology each copy of the DSM have newly discovered psychological disorders Most of these disorders fall along a continuum and it is on this bell curve that THE LINE is drawn We all have a personal profile of our mental illness wellness and it is not about who is sick and who is not but how best to use the information about our psychological profile to best live our lives