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Sem Beyond Borders

by: Halie Spencer

Sem Beyond Borders INTL 407

Halie Spencer
GPA 3.87

Anita Weiss

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Anita Weiss
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Halie Spencer on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INTL 407 at University of Oregon taught by Anita Weiss in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see /class/187232/intl-407-university-of-oregon in International Studies at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 09/08/15
Indian Society Through Elm Dr Anita M Weiss INTL 407507 Summer 2007 Week 3 August 5 7 Bollywood Changing Gender Roles and Family Norms m Baghban The Caretaker directed by Ravi Chopra 2003 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Journey of a Woman or There Seems to be a Stain on her Shirt directed by Pradeep Sarkar 2007 Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham Sometimes There s Happiness Sometimes There s Sadness directed by Yash Johar 2001 depending on time we39ll see as much of this as possible Themes to consider in this segment 0 Powerful role of the family in Indian society multiple social economic and political connections are determined by one s family and one s family s relationships to other families do Glorification of the mother and depiction of other women particularly as markers of change 0 Initially foreign as threat but also something to be aspired Today it is the norm for the super elite and a desire of the poor Why Selected Current Demographics for India Area slightly more than one third the size of the US 3287590 sq km Land boundaries total 14103 km coastline 7000 km bordering countries Bangladesh 4053 km Bhutan 605 km Burma 1463 km China 3380 km Nepal 1690 km Pakistan 2912 km Terrain upland plain Deccan Plateau in south at to rolling plain along the Ganges deserts in west Himalayas in north Land use arable land 56 permanent crops 1 permanent pastures 4 forests and woodland 23 other 16 1993 est Environment current issues deforestation soil erosion overgrazing desertification air pollution from industrial ef uents and vehicle emissions water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides tap water is not potable throughout the country huge and growing population is over straining natural resources Population 1147995898 July 2008 est Age structure 0 14 years 315 male 189238487female 172168306 15 64 years 633 male 374157581female 352868003 65 years and over 52 male 28285796female 31277725 2008 est Median age total 251 years male 247 years female 255 years 2008 est Population growth rate 1578 2008 est Birth rate 2222 births 1000 population 2008 est Death rate 64 deaths 1000 population 2008 est Net migration rate 005 migrants 1000 population 2008 est Sex ratio at birth 112 malesfemale under 15 years 11 malesfemale 15 64 years 106 malesfemale 65 years and over 09 malesfemale total population 106 malesfemale 2008 est Infant mortality rate total 3231 deaths 1000 live births male 3694 deaths 1000 live births female 2712 deaths 1000 live births 2008 est Life expectancy at birth total population 6925 years male 6687 years female 719 years Total fertility rate 276 children bornwoman 2008 est HIVAIDS adult prevalence rate 09 2001 est people living with HIVAIDS 51 million 2001 est HIVAIDS deaths 310000 2001 est Ethnic groups Indo Aryan 72 Dravidian 25 Mongoloid and other 3 2000 Religions Hindu 805 Muslim 134 Christian 23 Sikh 19 other 18 unspecified 01 2001 census Languages English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national political and commercial communication Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30 of the people there are 21 other official languages Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili Malayalam Manipuri Marathi Nepali Oriya Punjabi Sanscrit Santhali Sindhi Tamil Telugu and Urdu Hindustani is a popular variant of HindiUrdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language Literacy definition age 15 and over can read and write total population 61 male 734 female 478 2001 census Administrative divisions 28 states and 7 union territories Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chandigarh Chhattisgarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Lakshadweep Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Puducher1y Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Economy overview India39s diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming modern agriculture handicrafts a wide range of modern industries and a multitude of services Services are the major source of economic growth accounting for more than half of India39s output with less than one third of its labor force About three fifths of the work force is in agriculture leading the United Progressive Alliance UPA government to articulate an economic reform program that includes developing basic infrastructure to improve the lives of the rural poor and boost economic performance The government has reduced controls on foreign trade and investment Higher limits on foreign direct investment were permitted in a few key sectors such as telecommunications However tariff spikes in sensitive categories including agriculture and incremental progress on economic reforms still hinder foreign access to India39s vast and growing market Privatization of government owned industries remains stalled and continues to generate political debate populist pressure from within the UPA government and from its Left Front allies continues to restrain needed initiatives The economy has posted an average growth rate of more than 7 in the decade since 1997 reducing poverty by about 10 percentage points India achieved 85 GDP growth in 2006 and again in 2007 significantly expanding production of manufactures India is capitalizing on its large numbers of well educated people skilled in the English language to become a major exporter of software services and software workers Economic expansion has helped New Delhi continue to make progress in reducing its federal fiscal deficit However strong growth combined with easy consumer credit and a real estate boom fueled in ation concerns in 2006 and 2007 leading to a series of central bank interest rate hikes that have slowed credit growth and eased in ation concerns The huge and growing population is the fundamental social economic and environmental problem GDP real growth rate 92 2007 est GDP per capita PPP 2700 2007 est GDP composition by sector agriculture 176 industry 294 services 529 2007 est Labor force 5164 million 2007 est Labor force by occupation agriculture 60 industry 12 services 28 2003 Unemployment rate 72 2007 est Population below poverty line 25 2007 est Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10 36 highest 10 311 2004 In ation rate consumer prices 64 2007 est Communications Telephones land lines 4975 million 2005 cellular 1661 million 2006 Telephone system general assessment recent deregulation and liberalization of telecommunications laws and policies have prompted rapid growth local and long distance service provided throughout all regions of the country with services primarily concentrated in the urban areas steady improvement is taking place with the recent admission of private and private public investors Fastest growth is in cellular service with modest growth in land lines Mobile cellular service introduced in 1994 and organized nationwide into four metropolitan areas and 19 telecom circles each with about three private service providers and one state owned service provider Internet users 60 million 2005 Traf cking in persons India is a source destination and transit country for men women and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation internal forced labor may constitute India39s largest trafficking problem men women and children are held in debt bondage and face forced labor working in brick kilns rice mills agriculture and embroidery factories women and girls are trafficked within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced marriage children are subjected to forced labor as factory workers domestic servants beggars and agriculture workers and have been used as armed combatants by some terrorist and insurgent groups India is also a destination for women and girls from Nepal and Bangladesh trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation Indian women are trafficked to the Middle East for commercial sexual exploitation men and women from Bangladesh and Nepal are trafficked through India for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation in the Middle East International Disputes since China and India launched a security and foreign policy dialogue in 2005 consolidated discussions related to the dispute over most of their rugged militarized boundary regional nuclear proliferation Indian claims that China transferred missiles to Pakistan and other matters continue various talks and confidence building measures have cautiously begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir particularly since the October 2005 earthquake in the region Kashmir nevertheless remains the site of the world39s largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China Aksai Chin India J ammu and Kashmir and Pakistan Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas India and Pakistan have maintained the 2004 cease fire in Kashmir and initiated discussions on defusing the armed stand off in the Siachen glacier region Pakistan protests India39s fencing the highly militarized Line of Control and construction of the Baglihar Dam on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir which is part of the larger dispute on water sharing of the Indus River and its tributaries UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan UNMOGIP has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949 India does not recognize Pakistan39s ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964 The World Factbook


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