New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Juvenile Delinquen

by: Mina Heaney

Juvenile Delinquen SOC 152

Mina Heaney
GPA 3.86

Lawrence Cohen

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Lawrence Cohen
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Sociology

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mina Heaney on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 152 at University of California - Davis taught by Lawrence Cohen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/187314/soc-152-university-of-california-davis in Sociology at University of California - Davis.


Reviews for Juvenile Delinquen


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/08/15
Soc 152 FINAL study guide let s all ACE this Baumrind 1991 1996 Typology of parents high responsiveness and high control authoritative parenting THE BEST Low responsiveness with high control authoritarian parenting high responsiveness and low control is permissive parenting low responsiveness and low control neglectingrej ecting parenting THE WORST authoritative parents are less likely to have children who are depressed and with the least conduct problems Indicates it is more than just parent child bond but also the style of parenting Hirschi1969 Tested social bond theories poor people are the ones to mostly engage in delinquency because it will give them a status Compared to class based theories he found that the strongest indicator in selfreport of delinquency is the bond with parents sometime teachers The more they care about what their parents think the less likely they are to selfreport delinquency Regardless of how parenting was measured ALL studies show arelationship to the bond Different dimensions of parenting and monitoring childwarmthconsistent discipline were all adversely related to child s delinquency Gluecks1930 60s Based on sample of 500 delinquents from two institutions used selfreport questionnaires 3 major findings 0 The younger the age of onset the more persistent and serious their criminal career 0 Antisocial behavior is stable across the life course 0 in uenced by the family environment child grew up in First variable poor parental supervision Second inconsistent disciplinary actions ignoring delinquent behavior being too abusive Third parent and child attachment Measured the warmth of relationship Respondent Classical Learning primary learning Classical conditioning Why we have preferences Pavlov dogs amp bells unconscious learning operant instrumental learning Assumption that all operant learning takes place m by direct experiences Conditions Punishments should be consistently applied Severity should be proportionate to severity of actions modeling Indirect Observe amp imitate actions of others who are similar to us Take note of the consequences that follow when observe people who engage in various Illegal behavior Determines if we are being treated fairly coercion model of delinquency Aggressive action Created through research Fail to identify the factor Don39t go on to engage in adolescent behavior nattering Characteristic through threat verbs accusations But with little to no punishment When this is occurs child becomes violent Parents back down Child learns directly through experience Negatively reinforces Pattern of reciprocal Gerald Patterson A director of Oregon social learning center Studies families and pure dynamics Strict operant theorist Found that adults who partake in delinquent acts are rarely responsible parents and that puts the child at risk for delinquency punishment Positive adding something Neg removal of something positive direct experience Operant learning theories Deviant behavior is in uenced by perceived consequences Learned from direct experience co morbidity The child not only is an aggressive development she is depressed bc she is rejected by conventional society birds of a feather Comorbidity Deviant peer groups Most people prefer to associate with people who are like them Maisiglo et al frequency of absentee father visits 38 studies Failed to show frequent of visitation had any bene t in preventing any delinquency Child is more apt to look at time spent with dad as fun gt won t have impact on behavior Provide less monitoring authoritative parenting High control High responsiveness remarriages amp parenting Less stable than first marriage Child more resistant to stepparent the older they are Stepparents try to be friends not parents Benefit of having 2 parents not present Children from blended families do worse in school than children from a nuclear family 23 more conductbehavior issues nuclear families at least risk multigenerational families at moderate risk blended families at high risk advantages of multigenerational family The children here are not as delinquent as singleparent ones but are more so than nuclear familes The mothers report less depression amp in better physical health 1520 of children in single parent homes will be delinquent 5 of children in intact family will be delinquent 50 of marriages end in divorce At least 85 of children from singledivorced parents DO NOT suffer conduct disorder discriminative learning Bendura et al We learn to recognize between circumstances under which an action is or not appropriate Not all physical punishment will produce misconduct corporal punishment appropriate Moderate forms of corporate punishement seen as low quality relationships between parent and child Warmth High control chapter 14 quality of parenting Punishments need to be consistent in order to be effective Corporal punishments done by parents can manifest into the child becoming violent too Quality of bond between parent and child is most important not number of parents bond stake in conformity w teachers community etc Corporal punishment cancel out positive association Lack of parental warmth Lack of form of consistency of punishment Failure to monitor or supervise child All 3 lead to severe delinquency culture amp community contexts Corporal punishments Spurious relationship Working and lower class students are more apt to accept corporal punishment Each culture provides different types of parenting Chinese strict and controlling parenting practices seen as caring and loving believe child obedience is very important children more accepting of corporal punishment African American more likely to use corporal punishments White children believe it is unfair more lenient compared to minorities Lower class more accepting believe corporal punishment will increase respect for authorities internal validity Make similar except for violence Experimental design R Experimental group R x O R Control Group R 0 external validity How generizable to the population as a whole survey research high in external validity conditions for causality Need to nd Association A temporal order Lack of spuriousness classic experimental approach is best for nding causality activation Violent media watching activates people already aggressive prone to Violent behavior cathaltic Violent media content Reduction in tension and or Violent behavior Violent media content reduction in tension reduction in Violent behavior If people watch Violent programs there should not only be people who become more Violent but there should be people who become less Violent There is no evidence of the cathartic effect which reduces the activation effect spurious No causal order time line 3rd variable NO EFFECT Stein amp Friedrich 1972 realworld experiments eld study 100 boys amp girls ages 3 5 in Pennsylvania Randomly assigned 2 groups Programs w excessive Violence ex Batman vs Mr Rodgers 3 groups 1 unaggressive 2 Average aggressive 3 Very aggressive i No increase in l amp 2 FINDINGS no difference between boys and girls the unaggressive became better from watching Mr Rodgers the average aggressive had no effect from watching Batman and the very aggressive kids became more aggressive The unaggressive kids who watched Batman had no change Milgram amp Shotland 1972 Arranged special showing of medical center 2 showings status charity box One punished One unpunished Given gift certi cate for radio for participation Must pick up win 4 hours at store sign says sorry closed ran ou charity box out front video measures reaction no effect Some people will take matters into their own hands when they think they have been treated unfairly but there is little evidence that whether they do it or not has to do with the programs they watch Haltangel et al 1975 SURVEY Sociologist Self report questionnaire 2100 Juniors and Seniors in high school system in county Had equal chance of being included Asked favorite TV shows Time spent watching TV rate how violent Favorite program or frequency of exposure had amp signi cance Thought had better population then previous studies Lab studies create situation where an opportunity for aggression is present Lab does not equal real world Age amp gender is more important No causal effects Most likely to be delinquent lower class adolescent males Survey Research Studies Miloksky et al 1982 NBC sponsored University of Michigan most sophisticated in Prof s opinion 1200 boys 1200 girls 9 schools 3 elementary 3 middle 3 high school Fort Worth amp Minneapolis Selfreport and school amp police reports amp parents Kids paid 40 Most people not aggressive Aggression stable over time No effect nor a thesis Lower class males aggressive family less secure ostracized Had higher aggression Girls less aggressive Less report more violence Bad area more violent TV Less sense of regret you have the more violent behavior you have


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.