Immigration SOC 004
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mina Heaney on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 004 at University of California - Davis taught by Ming-Cheng Lo in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 214 views. For similar materials see /class/187315/soc-004-university-of-california-davis in Sociology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
SOC 4 Immigration Fall 2010 Midterm Study Guide I Explaining International Migration Why do People Move Summarize and explain the following theories of international migration New Economics of Labor Migration Segmented Labor Market Theory Social Capital Theory Macro Context of DecisionMaking Can you nd examples from the story of the Flores Family that illustrate the four theories of international migration listed above How is our current effort to recruit foreigntrained nurses potentially hurting the sending countries II Histories and Patterns of Immigration in the US Provide a brief history of immigration in the US from the early 17 11 century to the present How does Doug Massey describe the patterns of immigration in the 2039h century What are the three time periods How did the racial composition of immigrant groups change over time Make sure you are familiar with and can brie y describe the content of the following immigration reforms in the US United States naturalization law of March 26 1790 Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 Immigration Act of 1921 Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments 1965 Immigration Reform and Control Act IRCA 1986 What are the major challenges faced by old and new immigrants Brie y summarize Doug Massey s argument in reader for why the early European immigrants assimilated more successfully than the post65 new immigrants Then discuss how you think race may or may not play a role in shaping these differences III Contemporary US Immigration Policies The 1996 welfare reform aimed to end welfare as we know it What were the two main narratives Why was the implementation problematic in some cases Describe and explain the three major implications for immigrants welfare rights under the PRWORA After the 1996 welfare reform did immigrants become less likely to access welfare programs Are there other undesirable side effects In answering this question draw upon the Capps Fix and Henderson study 2009 and the Crosby and Greensboro study 2009 to substantiate your argument IV Policy Debates on Illegal Immigrants Brie y describe how the US government the business community and other social groups responded to the agricultural growers dependency on Mexican migrant workers during the following time periods 19001929 Active recruitment 192941 Deportation years 19421964 The Bracero Program 19651985 Massive undocumented migrant workers Identify the three steps in the 1986 IRCA that were designed to solve the perceived border crisis Why did illegal immigrant increase rather decrease as a result of the IRCA Explain how the border worked as a revolving door prior to the 1986 IRCA The current US policy towards illegal immigrants can be described in terms of enforcement first and prevention through deterrence Overall what is this policy s impact on illegal immigration Identify and explain at least 4 negative social consequences of this policy Massey argues that the current US policy toward illegal immigrants results in wage depreciation for citizens Explain why Hint That migrant workers are often willing to accept lower wages is NOT the answer Look it up in the book When evaluating immigration policies it s important to have a balanced consideration of interests and ethics Which groups interests should be taken into account Using these principles evaluate the Arizona immigration bill 2010 V Causes and Consequences ofAssimilation Explain the straightline assimilation theory and the ethnic disadvantage theory According to segmented assimilation theory patterns of assimilation differ greatly In order to explain the variation which social factors does this theory emphasize Explain how according to segmented assimilation theory each of these factors shapes the patterns of assimilation If presented with specific examples make sure you can identify whether it s a case of consonant acculturation dissonant acculturation or selective acculturation Recent scholars view selective acculturation as the preferred model for second generation immigrants Explain why Brie y describe the context of Proposition 227 Using the straightline assimilation theory and the segmented assimilated theory evaluate the impacts of this proposition VI Economic Incorporation and Work Relations Identify and brie y explain the two general patterns of immigrants economic incorporation in the US Identify the key predictors for immigrants economic wellbeing Then discuss how and why these individual factors cannot fully overcome the structural barriers Finally going beyond the whitenon white comparison discuss how the context of reception can help explain the variation across immigrant groups How does the factor of ethnic network contribute to immigrants economic incorporation both in attaining lowskilled jobs and in establishing ethnic businesses According to Waters how do Americanborn blacks and West Indians differ in their cultural understandings of obs How do Americanborn blacks ethnic networks help them in their employment if not in getting the jobs that Waters studied According to Waters how are employers using ethnic networks as a mechanism of control at the workplace Why is selfemployment a good way to avoid the cost of ethnicity Is it true that immigrants in general are more entrepreneurial than natives Which immigrant group is the most entrepreneurial The least Define the rainbow underclass VII Local Communities and Social Relations Define social capital Explain why social capital is important at the societal level What s the difference between bridging ties and bonding ties According to Jennifer Lee how did Korean merchants and black consumers manage to establish civil relationships across group boundaries despite existing racial tensions What were the social consequences Using the Justice for Janitors campaign as an example explain how multiethnic ties can be established What factors might explain SEIU s success in mobilizing immigrant workers In the story of Jose Ricardo and Ramon did the lack of bridging ties hurt the native community too How Brie y describe Vietnamese immigrants three waves of community rebuilding in the United States In what ways did the community networks among Vietnamese immigrants in Versailles Village function as social capital for these immigrants How do the social ties among the West Indians in New York differ from those of the Vietnamese immigrants in Versailles Village How can you explain the difference More speci cally according to Chapter 7 in Waters book what are the two main structural barriers faced by the West Indian Immigrants SOC 4 Study Guide for the nal exam Materials before the midterm Summarize and explain the following theories of international migration New Economics of Labor Migration Segmented Labor IVIarket Theory Social Capital Theory Macro Context of DecisionMaking How does Doug Massey describe the patterns of immigration in the 20 11 century What are the three time periods How did the racial composition of immigrant groups change over time Describe and explain the three major changes about immigrants welfare rights under the PRWORA1996 According to segmented assimilation theory patterns of assimilation differ greatly In order to explain the variation which social factors does this theory emphasize Explain how according to segmented assimilation theory each of these factors shapes the patterns of assimilation Recent scholars View selective acculturation as the preferred model for second generation immigrants Explain why Define social capital Explain why social capital is important at the societal level What s the difference between bridging ties and bonding ties According to Jennifer Lee how did Korean merchants and black consumers manage to establish civil relationships across group boundaries despite existing racial tensions What were the social consequences Overall why does the incorporation of immigrants rely on BOTH bridging ties and bonding ties New materials after the midterm I Linguistic Incorporation and Educational Achievement Brie y describe the trends of language use in US household in recent years Identify the key contextual factors that shape the linguistic incorporation of immigrants Bilingual education is a contentious issue in America yet the two sides share more in common than is usually acknowledged Brie y describe the similarities and difference between bilingualism and English Immersion in education programs Brie y describe how family involvement and implementation methods have a greater impact than these philosophical differences on immigrant children s school performance The school performance of secondgeneration immigrants varies greatly across ethnic groups What are some possible explanations Not covered in lecture but discussed in reading II Encountering the US Healthcare System Using the Tuskegee Study as example brie y explain why racial minorities especially blacks tend to have low trust in the healthcare professionals in this country How does race shape doctorpatient interactions today According to Horton s 2004 study why are Mexican immigrants perceived to be less deserving patients than their Brazilian counterparts Provide one example from the reading to illustrate how the perceived deservingness may affect the healthcare they receive A lot of undocumented immigrants resort to underground healers or pharmacists for healthcare What are some potential problems with this practice Define culturally competent healthcare What are some examples of culturally competent healthcare practices Drawing upon Hunt and de Voogd s 2005 study explain how the wellmeaning attempts to be culturally competent can sometimes lead to stereotyping III Immigrants Political Incorporation How does the rate of naturalization among US immigrants compare to that of their counterparts in Canada Does the increase of undocumented immigrants in the US fully explain this gap Brie y explain the costbene t argument that attempts to account for the gap mentioned above Then brie y describe the empirical aws of this argument
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