The Neolithic and the Origins of Agric. Feb 29
The Neolithic and the Origins of Agric. Feb 29 ANTHRO 101
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauri Schleicher on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 101 at Emory University taught by Dr. Stutz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Anthro 101 in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Emory University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
The Neolithic and The Origins of AgricultureFeb 29 Marked by the domestication of plants and animals 0 Dogs domesticated by hunters o Diseases from animals introduced Also from staying in one place 0 Communities move from on from hunter gathers Created demographic explosion increased population 0 The reading points out the advancement of food and food technology ability to cool cereal allowed for more nutrients to be released and for better teeth preservation Led to increased populations because less of a need to breast feed 0 Changes in our biology and greater impact of humans on environment 0 More peopemore environmental manipulation via grazing animals and creating plant beds Transitions in food occurred 120005000 ya 0 Near Eastwheat barley lentils o Chinarice millet 0 Central America maize beans squash 0 Importance of agriculture lt fed the most important period of population growth before the industrial revolution changed our biology and how we process food food storage grain kept in holes 0 Near East food production linked to overexploitation climate change change from sedentary huntergatherer hamlets and agricultural villages the case 1000015000 ya 0 Supported rise of cities states and empires 0 Emergence of social inequality 0 Territory control people quotownquot things 0 Violence to keep land 0 Gain rights to land Marriage and exchange to gain rights to land violence or threat of such to keep land Abu Hureyra located in the fertile crescent o 1150010000 ya BP wild plants and animals 0 200 year haitus o 98007000 ya BPsecond phase of Hureyra domesticated plants wwild hunting and the introduction of domesticated animals 0 pottery 7300 0 infants could wean off their parents but adults suffered gum disease cavities and hungerrelated stress women and infants suffered bone abnormalities from carrying heavy things women have messed up knee and toe bones from kneeling and grinding food grooves in teeth from weaving baskets osteology the study of bones