Week One Rel 101-004
Popular in Literature and World of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie223 on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 101-004 at Missouri State University taught by John T. Strong in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Literature and World of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible in Religious Studies at Missouri State University.
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Lectures notes?? Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Literature and World of the Old Testament Lecture One Terms to Keep in Mind 0 Criticism Method 0 Methods for studying the text historically o Textual Criticism compare texts to see how they are similar and different 0 Form Criticism Looks at a small bit of texts and wonders quotdid it once exist by itselfquot Ugarit Ugaritic 0 City of Ugarit burned found after 3000 years undisturbed Exodus 15 1200 BCE 0 Poem now found in the Hebrew Bible 0 Daniel 11 164 BCE o What was the form of this literature before it was brought into the Collection Development of the Hebrew Bible 0 Small individual units were incorporated into larger collective works which were collected yet again into still larger works 0 Exodus 15 in 1200 BCE Judges 5 in 12001000 BCE Genesis 49 in 1000 BCE Deuteronomy 32 in 1000800 BCE Numbers 24 in 800 BCE 0000 How the Hebrew Texts Functioned 0 Philosophy texts that de ne reality 0 National identity texts that de ne Israel 0 History texts that interpret historical events and people Merneptah Steele 0 First mention of Israel as a people read through this text Archaeology and the Bible Thesis 0 Archaeology informs the modern reader about what the ancient authors would have assumed their audience knew o It provides a backdrop and colors the landscape in which the biblical text was written 0 o quotA preoccupation of many of these early excavators was historical even apologeticquot o defended the bible 0 Look at Coogan text book page 2728 Ancient Near Eastern Texts and the Bible 0 important story Hammurabi s Law Code 0 Baal Epic o The example of the Enuma Elish o Marduk s battle with Tiamat chaos monster 0 Marduk splits Tiamat s body in two 0 Marduk establishes the starsconstellations o Marduk creates humankind from the blood of gods 0 Main point is to make Marduk king of all the other gods 0 The example of Hammurabi s laws 0 1750 BCE 0 Wanted to establish justice in his kingdom 0 Protect the week and oppressed 0 Set up steele around his kingdom Collection of laws Nontextual Archaeological Discoveries Solomonic Gates 0 1 Kings 915 o 6 chambers 0 three gates and three cities Shrines at Beersheba and Arad Exodus 22 Deuteronomy 125 2 Kings 18 2 Kings 22 Literature and World of the Old Testament Lecture 2 Shrines at Beersheba and Arad Room 32 o Altar had been excavated to its bed stones Altars should only be made of eld stones Altar in Arad had been respectfully decommissioned o Lowered lled with dirt and covered with ash Shrine at Arad Found estraca from the temple 0 References the house of Yahweh god 0 Estraca with names of priestly families were found 0 Pieces of broken pottery used as writing utensils Genesis 1 o quotThe earth was a formless void and darkness was on the face of the Deep and a wind from God was swooping over the face of the watersquot 0 The world started out as chaos 1st Day God created light 2nCI Day waters God created the dome to separate the waters above from the waters below 0 3rd Day God created dry land and plants 0 4th Day Sun moon and the stars 0 Separates day from night 0 Signs for the seasons days and years 0 5th Day God created the sh and birds 0 6th Day Land animalshumans o Humans were made in the image of God and given dominion over the earth quotMade in the image of Divine Council 7th Day The Sabbath Day of rest Yahweh worked to separate order out of chaos Elohim God 0 Used exclusively in Genesis 23 Genesis 23 0 Lord GodlYahweh Elohim o Begins with the ground Adamah feminine From the ground Adamah comes man Adam masculine Adamah and Adam are connected By the end man returns to dust After man comes the Garden of Eden 0 Trees 0 Rivers Man is forbidden to eat from the Tree of Knowledge Adam names the animals but sees no partner for himself God made woman from the rib of man so Adam may have a partner Genesis 3 The serpent suggests the woman eat from the tree 0 Tells her they will be just like God by doing so God walks through the garden but cannot nd Adam and Eve woman 0 They confess to eating from the tree once found God cursed the snake to slither on its belly woman to have painful birth and Adam to till the soil and return to dust God worries Adam will pick from the Tree of Life and casts him from the garden
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