Psyc 474, Week 6 notes
Psyc 474, Week 6 notes Psyc 474
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 474 at Northern Illinois University taught by Ellen Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Psychological Basis of Sexuality in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Chapter 7 Attraction and Love Physical attractiveness o We would never fall in love with someone’s personality if we didn’t like how they looked first. o Tall men are ideal in US culture because it shows status and access to resources. Tall women are not viewed as positively. o Heterosexual cisgender women tend to prefer men with deep voices during ovulation, no difference during other menstrual phases. o Standards of physical attraction are influenced by culture and change depending on culture. o Gender role expectations also affect who we are attracted to. People of the same gender tend to compete against one another to seem more attractive. Similarity o We are more likely to be attracted to someone who is similar to us. o Homogamy: marrying someone like us. o Young people tend to select a mate age, whereas older people tend to select a mate with a 25 year age difference. o We tend to be attracted to people who share our backgrounds, attitudes, and values. o We often date people who live near us and reciprocate our love. Our culture idealizes romantic love, such as in Romeo and Juliet Definitions by ancient Greeks o Storge: attachment, friendship, nonsexual affection o Agape: Selfless giving, generosity, charity o Philia: friendship, liking, and respect o Eros: passion, ‘love at first sight’, ‘making love’, romantic love Infatuation: obsession for another person o Sexual desire, arousal, excitement, passion, crush o Think of their loved one ideally, ignoring any red flags Love uses many hormones, including dopamine and endorphins Love in arousal is often characterized as sweaty palms, pounding heart, or butterflies in the stomach. Styles of love defined by the Greeks: o Romantic love, gameplaying love, friendship, logical love, possessiveexcited love, and selfless love. Sternberg’s triangular theory of love o Contains the vertices of passion, intimacy, and commitment o Types of love using these components: Nonlove: absence of all 3 components. Examples: strangers, acquaintances, casual friendships. Infatuation: passion only. Example: crush Liking: intimacy only. Ex: close friendships, friends you would consider family. Empty love: commitment only. Example: married couples no longer in love, but stay today because they don’t believe in divorce. Fatuous love: passion+commitment. Ex: couples who marry shortly after meeting, then discover they don’t know each other as well as they thought. Romantic love: intimacy+passion. Example: summer love, shortterm relationships. Companionate love: intimacy+commitment. Ex: couple who have been married a long time, exes who are still friends. Consummate love: intimacy+passion+commitment. The ideal for most couples.