Joel Cohen Demography NOTES
Joel Cohen Demography NOTES GCH 205
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbie Notetaker on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GCH 205 at George Mason University taught by Dr. Lila Fleming in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Global Health in Global Studies at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Population Problems ● a billion people are hungry ● a billion people are living in slums ● nearly a billion people are illiterate ● millions of women don’t have access to contraception Human population has grown by 1,000 since the inventions of agriculture Demography allows us to imagine and reimagine the future Access to new land and food allowed population to grow In 1965, the population growth rate went from accelerating to decelerating The human population is still growing, but at a slower rate Replacement Level Fertility when the population replaces itself 1:1 from one generation to the next (about 2.1 children per woman) How does the rich world benefit from the prosperity & development of the poor world? ● economic growth ● public health U.S. Life Tables “An 18 year old in the US in 2011 has a 91% chance of surviving to 2050” The World’s population from 20122050… 1. will get bigger 2. will grow more slowly 3. will be older 4. will be more urban Less predictable: ● migration ● household structures ● families Population growth could end before 2100 if we: ● educate women ● provide credit to women ● provide reproductive healthcare ● raise the age of marriage Aging affects energy demand Older households spend more than younger households on utilities and more Many things about urbanization are positive ● lower fertility rate ● higher use of modern contraception ● lower unmet needs for contraception ● concentrated economic productivity ● cultural assets ● energy efficiency City hazards.. vulnerable to: ● earthquakes ● rising sea level ● coastal storms ● infectious diseases ● water supply attacks ● military and terrorists attacks Urban growth could affect food supply Potential solutions: ● use technology ● use contraception and consume less ● eliminate violence and inequities and corruption Other species provide humans with: ● food ● feed ● fuel ● fiber ● fascination (e.g. visiting zoo or nature for enjoyment) ● pharmaceuticals ● transportation ● traction ● symbiosis ● infection Aren’t we growing enough food? Less than half the grain that we grow are going into people’s mouths Joel’s formula for how to solve the world’s problems: ● eliminate unplanned pregnancy ● open credit ● eliminate subsidies ● use best farmlands for farms ● get rid of pollution ● culture promote healthy diets and fund research in agricultural productivity Demography: ● gives you the tools and analytical perspectives to understand the world around you ● gives you the equipment to solve problems mentally ● is the means to intervene more wisely and effectively in the real world to improve our wellbeing