History 102 HISTORY 102 - 0002
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Popular in U.S. History Since 1877
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Burkett on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HISTORY 102 - 0002 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Rebecca Davis in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see U.S. History Since 1877 in History at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Notes A. King Charles I (16251649) Wanted to be an absolute monarch Role Model: Isar Ivan the Dread Parliament 10% of Englishmen could vote a. Holds taxation power Civil War (164249) Common Wealth (164960) There was no king but, a “Lord Protector” who was a puritan B. King Charles II (16601683) Restoration C. His brother James Stuart was the Duke of York Loan Wealthy men pay King Charles II to wage war against Netherlands a. 1664 English Navy arrives at New Amsterdam (Dutch surrender) b. Duke of York Proprietor Pennsylvania (1681) William Penn Pacifist (Quakers) a. Colony based on Freedom of religion b. No established church *Ann Hutcheson was kicked out of Massachusetts Bay and Moved to Rhode Island King Charles II dies Brother James II becomes King a. He is a Roman Catholic b. His daughters Marry and Ann are both Protestant c. Queen and King have a boy James III (1688) d. He is baptized catholic Princess Mary and William Orange Revolution of (1888) a. King James flees to Paris b. Marry and Orange become new monarchs c. In Paris King Louie helps James Ireland King Louie gives them money to help James start a revolution a. 1680’s 1690’s Catholics vs. Protestants b. Orangemen: Scottish soldiers 1692 Battle of Boyne: James loses 1700’s70 Orange men (Scottish) Moves to American a. American call them: ScotsIrish Mercantilism economic theory Wealth=gold a. People would send their wealth back home (mainly England) 1650’s Navigation Act laws that make sure wealth goes to the homeland *Tobacco Monopoly: Virginia and MD. Are the only states that make and sale tobacco EthnocentricIf your English that’s good if not you must convert or be disliked a. People who only associate with their ethnic group Frontiersmen (ScotsIrish) are Presbyterians aka Calvinist England vs. France 1690’s (King William’s war) In North America Indians join the war Iroquois with England and Algonkians with France *Militia civilian men who join together in self defense Massachusetts Bay drafted to English army # of casualties higher than average Salem Massachusetts Meeting house farmers wanted their own church away from the city so they did not have to travel far Samuel Paris failed business men a. Calvist Minister believes rich people do the work of the devil b. Dowry Wife’s family gives gift (land gold) to eligible husband c. Spinsters women who don’t have good Dowry and stay single Eorgot Moldy wheat that cause psychotic reactants Women: Salem witch trials a. This was a capital crime King James II 1686 a. New political entity b. Dominion of New England NY, NJ, RI, NH, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, CT c. These places no longer existed d. Leaders of these places were angry Glorious Revolution (1688) King James a. Atone if a girl agreed to being a witch and they apologize and tell who the others are b. Coven 12 Witches plus the devil King of Hanover becomes king of England st George 1 – was against the France war nd George 2 – was for the France war King George’s war (1740’s) th a. This was the 4 war between France and England b. Expansion of France, trading posts c. Builds fort along trading posts 1. First one is at Lake Erie (fort Presque Lake) 2. Fort LeBoef (French Creek) 3. Fort Vengo: French creek empties into Allegheny river 1750’s started building forts Problem? Virginia has a boundary charter So? Virginia covers most of North America and British want to get rid of it Joint fort stock: Ohio Company a. Interested in land Speculation b. *saying a chunk of land is yours via buying it or powerful men pass laws saying so c. A. buy land when prices is up and sale land to make a profit Lawrence Washington a. Huge plantation owner b. Has a plan for Virginia to send a guy to west to tell French to get out (Lawrence has a younger brother… George! c. George became a surveyor hailing heavy things he is muscular and big Governor Dinniddie Make Washington commander in war 1753 George goes to fort Venango to get rid of French 1754 Lawerence Washington dies George is stock holder Summer 1754 French make fort Doqune George builds Fort Necessity built in the middle of valley Great meadows (clearing) July 4 1754 Cornel Washington signs French document a. Washington did not know is said the British made him murder French men b. It was all in French Battle of Monongahela (1755) a. General Braddock and 1000 British soldiers sent 7 Years War (175663) English vs. France a. General Forbes + 1000 British soldiers b. 1758 Forbes splits troops and wins renames Fort Pitt c. 1763 French negotiate Treaty of Paris d. France loses north American and Canada e. All of Canada becomes British owned Louisiana is given to Spain and British Algonkians (Indians who sided with France) were very angry, the loss in French supplies nearly destroyed this tribe a. Delaware Lenape were killed or forced to move west Forbes: a. Pontiac (political leader) a. 1763 Rebellion, kill the British b. Fort. Detroit c. Fort Pitt Pontiac surround it, no one can get in or out this is called sledge Proclamation of 1763 a. Line drawn down App. Mts. b. East side Brits West side Indians (British trading fur) English are in debt due to 7 years war 1763 Ohio Company create money 1764 Molasses/sugar Act a. These ingredients are in rum b. Many American were angry c. Changes requirement for search warrants Rights of English men a. Have rights stated in the Magna Carter b. In America they don’t believe British are following this Smuggling People start to smuggle sugar to America Brits need ideas on how to raise money Excise tax everyone pays a little 1765 Stamp Act a. Taxes on stamp b. Legal documents (Birth, marriage death certificates) and goods must be on special paper c. British stamps must be used Sons of Liberty Responsible for the Boston tea party!! a. Samul Adams: decide to gather young unemployed men and create Stamp act Riots of 176 b. 1760 Townsmen Duties Paper, lead, glass tea are taxed c. Boycotts people stop buying products d. Boston become violent e. British troops are sent 1770 Early March: Boston Massacre a. John Adams and Josiah Quincy Convicted b. Brits were not to blame Tea Act (1773) a. East India Comp.try to take control over tea, the comp. is almost bankrupt 1. Monopoly 2. Price cap 3. Taxes go down *Americans angry over monopoly not taxes!!!! Chester where ocean ships would stop piolets run ship last few miles White Oaks a. Show up in Chester warns piolets if they land here they will burn down there houses b. Private property was destroyed Coercive acts 1774 Laws meant to punish Bostonians 1. Shut down port until tea is paid for 2. Send British navy 3. Shut down colonial legislature 4. Shut down courts all legal business transacted in England 5. Boston must pay for British military Quartering act Quebec Act Gov’t forced Canada to be British 1. Southern boundary of Quebec a. Set at Ohio River 2. Toleration (legal term) focused on Roman Catholics a. Roman Catholics in British is illegal b. Roman Catholics in Quebec is legalized Great Awakening (1720’s – 40’s) a. Protestant revival b. Emotion in services/church c. Clergy doesn’t have to educated Book of Revelation 2 coming of Jesus AntiChrist (evil on inside) 4 Coercive Acts+ Quebec = 5 intolerable acts 1 continental congress fall 1774 (Sept.) a. In Philadelphia b. Focused on 5 acts c. Representatives in 12 colonies Springfield Massachusetts a. Mass. Congress b. Call for militia organization c. Parliament sees the illegal d. Their name? minute men April 1775 (war of American rev.) a. Sends troops to Lexington and Concord b. Britt. Troops destroy warehouses of ammunition c. Minutemen start gun battle ** This was the 1 intentional blood shed** 2 Continental congress May 1775 a. Interested in less parliament/gov’t b. Don’t want independence yet c. Continental army (June 1775) **George Washington becomes commander of army a. G.W. has his men occupy hills and cannons of Boston Benedict Arnold a. Goes to NY upstate in Fort Ticonderoga b. There are dozens of cannons c. Ellen Allen and Vermont join him Siege of Boston Ends June, 1775 Commander marine corps They negotiated w/ France and England accuses them of treason March 17, 1775 a. Evacuation of Boston b. Brits army gets forced to Canada Autonomy a. Committee draft document for independence a. Benjamin Franklin b. John Adams Mass. c. Thomas JeffersonVirginia (writer) Declaration of Independence 1. Radical document a. Based on science Replicability Natural rights! Provided by the Creator Rational universe Equality 2. Conservative Document Starts conservation revolution Rights of Englishmen Go back to the magna carter Whigs of Patriots 1/3 of Americans Royalist 1/3 of Americans Neutral 1/3 of Americans 3. Propaganda Simplistic Binary system
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