history week 3
history week 3 HIS 203
Popular in Hist of U.S. Since 1865
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darlene Franklin on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 203 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by William B Murphy (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Hist of U.S. Since 1865 in History at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
th th Women and the 14 and 15 Amendments Women’s suffrage movement (1848) Came out of Antislavery Movement After war women pushed for voting rights (Black + white) th 14 amendment word Male inserted into Constitution (voting rights) 15 amendment did not block voting restrictions based on gender Public Private o Busines o Home o Famil s y o Politics (Men) (Women) Women angry about this Campaigned against passage of both amendments Ended alliance between Abolitionist and Women’s suffrage (Racist undertone used during campaign: Don’t want blacks voting there are more white women then black women for a vote) Johnsons obstruction o Vetoes most major reconstruction acts o Congress overrides o Johnsons begins firing cabinet members appointed by Lincoln o Congress passes the Tenure of office act require senates approval before firing cabinet officials o Johnson violates it (hired people with his views) Johnsons Impeachment 1868 Johnson impeached for violating tenure of office act Senate fails to convict and remove him by one vote Politically damaged no hope for reelection 1868 Reconstruction continues Blacks during reconstruction Efforts to secure own rights Mid 1860s to late 1870s large # of black men voted across the south Organized into political clubs, state constitutional conventions, and some were elected in to office Education literacy rose BUT o Provoked stronger reactions from white southerners o Across south, white made systematic efforts to prevent blacks from fully getting their rights o Black codes abolished (1866) new economic system developed to replace slave labor o Benefit the rich plantation owners Sharecropping and crop liens Farmers leases plots of land to grow cotton Paid rent in the form of a share of the crop they grew Credit to buy equipment and supplies by allowing landlords to place lien on crops Designed to trap them in endless cycle of debt 1880s most southern blacks were sharecroppers trapped in generational cycle of poverty Grants Election Republican nominated (1868) War hero High hopes finally completing the healing process and bring the country together Problems during reconstruction dominate his two terms (wasn’t really good at being a politician) Administration plagued by scandal and accusations of corruption Grant as president Committed to continue to protect rights of freed people Pushes through congress the enforcement act of 1870, and uses army to break up klu klux klan th Supports 15 amendment and civil rights act of 1875 Distracted by scandals in his administration Northern attention focus shifts away from events in south o Second term responding to political pressure and public opinion, begin pull troops out of the south o Inconsistent support republican state gov’t o White southerners seize inconsistency to begin to take back control of south (Southern Redemption) Redemption of the south Southern describe republican gov’t corrupt, incompetent Argued black voters to naïve and ignorant Home rule (control state gov’t by democrats) Took advantage of norther exhaustion Gradually retake control o White domination o “saving” south from black voters o Only succeed if they stop blacks from voting
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