January25.pdf PHIL 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emely Gallegos on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 101 at New Mexico State University taught by Stephen D. Kovach in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see THE ART OF WONDERING in PHIL-Philosophy at New Mexico State University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
January 25 CHAPTER 1: PHILOSOPHY AND YOU Everybody has a PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE , we RATIONALIZE differently and have different PERCEPTIONS of things. Because of this, we develop HABITS, some of them good, some of them bad. Pragmatic Perspective: Form of communication liken to a game of trial and error. PHILOSOPHICAL METHOD This method help us uncover the fundamental questions of life. It will improve our lives by improving our worldview or PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. REALITY KNOWLEDG MORALITY E What is the TRUTH?? What is REAL?? What is MORAL or ETHICAL?? HOW WE KNOW THIS!? Divisions of Philosophy Metaphysics: Study of reality, fundamental nature of the universe and its things. Axiology: Study of value (moral and aesthetic). Epistemology: Study of knowledge. Logic: The study of correct reasoning. SOCRATES He said: “The unexamined life is tragedy because it results in grievous harm to the soul”. The soul is harmed by lack of knowledge. To get to the truth, we must go around the false certitudes of custom, tradition, and superstition and let the reason be our guide. Socratic Method 1. Someone poses a question about the meaning of a concept. 2. Socrates’ companion gives an answer. 3. Socrates raises questions about the answer, proving that the answer is inadequate. 4. To avoid the problems inherent in this answer, the companion offers a second one. 5. Steps 3 and 4 are repeated several times, revealing that the companion does not know what he thought he knew. The Republic – Plato and Justice *Plato used Socrates to examinate the question of justice using the Socratic method. 1. How did Socrates define justice? He naver gave a definition for justice really. Thrasymachus says justice is the interest of the strong. But justice is NOT the interest of the strong. Reference to: people are not infalible. It is all about SELF INTEREST. 2. What did Socrates establish from his dialogue with Thrasymachus? It is ilogical, is a contradiction. Something cannot be true and false at the same time. 3. What was the point of the text including the dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus?
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