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Week 7 Intro to Sociology Notes (Sociology of the Family)

by: Jordan Pimental

Week 7 Intro to Sociology Notes (Sociology of the Family) Soc 100

Marketplace > Indiana University > Sociology > Soc 100 > Week 7 Intro to Sociology Notes Sociology of the Family
Jordan Pimental
GPA 3.506

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These notes only cover the lectures on the week of February 22nd 2016. The reading is not included. Reading for Week 8's notes will not be included either. However, the next study guide will includ...
Introductory Sociology
Professor Felicia Helvey
Class Notes
intro, sociology, family, class, notes, Week 7
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Pimental on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 100 at Indiana University taught by Professor Felicia Helvey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Indiana University.


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Date Created: 02/29/16
Week Seven I. Lecture 6 (2/22/16) A. The Sociology of Family a. Basic concepts of family i. Family of Origin: Parents and siblings of family that you come from ii. Family of production: where you are or where you’re headed- the family you are creating b. Marriage i. Polygamy 1. Polygyny is a marriage in which the husband has multiple wives 2. Polyandry is a marriage in which the wife has multiple husbands ii. Monogamy: two people are married to each other and only each other iii. Cenogamy: group marriage iv. Endogamy: Marrying someone similar to you v. Exogamy: marrying someone more dissimilar to you vi. Endogamy is more common than exogamy. People choose marriage partners based on characteristics similar to their own 1. Race 2. Ethnicity 3. Social class 4. Religion c. Changes in Marriage & Family i. Nuclear Family: 2 parents and children ii. Single Parent Family: 1 parent and children iii. Blended family: 2 parents with half siblings. 1. Distinguished from step families in that blended families, the two parents have kids in addition to the kids that existed before the union. In a step family it is the step parent, a parent, and one of their sets of biological kids, but they do not yet have kids together iv. Extended family: relatives- aunts, uncles, grandparents d. Decline of the Nuclear Family i. Number of never married women and men has increased since 1960 ii. A larger percentage of men report never being married than women iii. Deinstitutionalization of marriage: social norms related to marriage have weakened. e. What do people want in a marriage? i. This has changed over the years do to the deinstitutionalization of marriage. ii. Individualization in the institution of marriage is related to 3 things: 1. Institutional Marriage decreases a. Institutional Marriage: The focus of such a marriage is on the maintenance of the institution of marriage itself- there was less concern that those involved would love or be good companions to one another. 2. Companionate Marriage decreases a. Companionate Marriage: Involved a clear division of labor between the single-earner breadwinner and the homemaker. Husbands and wives were held together by bonds of sentiment, friendship, and sexuality 3. Individualized Marriage increases a. Individualized marriage: focus began to shift from satisfaction of the couple to satisfaction of each individual, as well as toward individuals’ ability to develop and express themselves. b. In addition, individualized marriage became increasingly open and flexible. f. “Alternative” forms of family i. Cohabitation: An arrangement where a couple shares a home and a bed without being legally married. ii. Reasons for cohabitation: 1. A desire to spend more time together 2. An attempt to save money 3. A sort of marriage test-drive iii. Single-Parent Families: 29.5% of households with children are single-parent families iv. How might they be different? 1. Parents are busier 2. Lower income 3. Gender roles are vastly different as there is only one parent. v. Same-Sex Partner Families vi. How might they be different? 1. More democratic in family decisions 2. Less constrained by gender roles 3. Sexual relationships less scripted g. Divorce in the Global West: Trends i. National divorce rate is higher now than a century ago ii. 2008: 3.5 divorces per 1000 marriages or 35 divorces per 100,000s iii. Share of intact marriages at the 15 anniversary has decreased iv. Reasons to get divorced: 1. Family Problems 2. Self & individuality 3. Changes in Norms a. Divorce is easier and less stigmatized than it once was v. Risk Factors associated with divorce 1. Marrying Young 2. Lower Education 3. Cohabitation 4. Domestic Violence 5. Poverty h. Structural Functionalism & Family i. Primarily concerned with the functions of the family which are as follows 1. Social reproduction 2. Caregiving to children 3. Primary Socialization of children 4. Reproduce morality and cultural norms i. Conflict Theory & Family i. Concerned with conflicts in family relationships & with the family in society 1. Gender roles 2. How is power divided in the house? II. Lecture 7 (2/24/16) A. The Sociology of Family Cont’d a. Counted Out? Reading explained 3 different types of respondents when asked what they considered “family” to include i. Exclusionists: Primarily concerned with structural aspects of a family such as marriage, legality, religiosity, heterosexuality, child-centered structure over the functions of the family ii. Moderates: Concerned about ‘Expressive Qualities,’ such as emotional roles in family, marriage is less important, they are more concerned with commitment than structure iii. Inclusionists: Concerned with quality of the relationships within the family as well as expressive qualities. Sexuality is less important, and they are also more concerned with commitment. b. The Importance of Family: What does Family do for society? i. The family serves many purposes for society, therefore it is especially important to understand how parents raise children and the duties they fulfill 1. Teaching social roles 2. Kinship ties 3. Emotional support 4. Raising Children 5. Personality Stabilization 6. Primary Socialization c. Some Key Concepts i. Social Role: The sets of rights, duties, expectations, norms and behaviors that a person has to fulfill ii. Role Strain: Strain experienced as a result of trying to fulfill multiple roles that require much of your time iii. Role Conflict: Conflict experienced as a result of a social role requiring incompatible expectations iv. The 3:2 Problem: The issue couples face trying to balance three jobs (2 jobs & housework/childcare) v. The Second Shift: A term to describe the work done at home after hours. (From a book written by AR Hochschild arguing that women tend to hold more responsibility for taking care of household duties, even when they work outside the home as much or more than male partners) vi. Dual-Earner HH: Households where a married or cohabitating couple both work outside the home.


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