New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Personal Nutriention 3

by: Alexis Notetaker

Personal Nutriention 3 HND 101

Alexis Notetaker
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what 's going to over the next exam and should help prepare those who can not make it to class. I hope you enjoy
Personal Nutrition
Afroza Hasin
Class Notes
Personal Nutriention
25 ?




Popular in Personal Nutrition

Popular in Health Sciences

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Notetaker on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HND 101 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Afroza Hasin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Personal Nutrition in Health Sciences at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Reviews for Personal Nutriention 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/29/16
HND 4 Tuesday, February 16, 201612:59 PM The lipids (fats and oils) • Fats ○ Lipids that are solid at room temperature • Oils ○ Lipids that liquid at normal room temperature • Building Blocks ○ Triglycerides  1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids How your body uses fat: 1. Fuel ○ Natures saving account 2. "Carry" fat-soluble nutrients ○ Essential fatty acids ○ Fat-soluble vitamins  A,D,E,&K 3. Insulating & protecting the body 4. Provides satiety 5. Cell membrane 6. Adds ○ Flavor ○ Texture Recommended intakes • Dietary goals for the U.S ○ 30% total kcalories  10% saturated fats  10 % monounsaturated fats  10% polyunsaturated fats • Polyunsaturated fats ○ Liquid at room temperature  Stay liquid when chilled ○ 2 major categories Fats in foods • Essential fatty acids ○ Omega-3 fatty acids ○ Omega-6 fatty acids • Saturated fatty acids: ○ A fatty acid carrying the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms • Omega-3 fats ○ Heart-friendly  Prevents blood clots  Or keeps other fats from injuring artery walls ○ Source of essential fatty acids  Linolenic acid  Cold-water fish Canola oil,, soybeans, olive oils and nuts  • Omega-6 fats ○ Heart-friendly  Lowers cholesterol  Lowers cholesterol ○ Source of essential fatty acids  Linoleic acid  Soybeans and canola oil • Monounsaturated fats ○ Liquid at room temperature  Gets thicker when chilled ○ Most nuts and olive, canola, peanuts oils • Saturated fats ○ Solid at room temperature  Gets harder when chilled ○ Animal foods ○ Plant foods  Coconut oil  Palm oil ○ Increases risk of heart disease Checking out cholesterol • Fat-like substance found only no animal foods ○ Cannot be used for energy  No calories Functions of cholesterol • Estrogen and testosterone • Conversion of sunlight on skin to vitamin d • Major component of nerves and brain • Found in every cell Trans fats in food • Natural trans fats ○ Animal foods  Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) ○ Provided health benefits • How does processing affect fats and lipids? Artificial trans fat • Hydrogenation • Chemical process ○ Lipids fats to solid fats ○ Trans fatty acids • Artificial trans fats ○ Ingredients lists  Hydrogenated fat  Hydrogenated oil  Partially hydrogenated fats Fat substitutes • Simplesse ○ Low-calorie artificial fat ○ Milk protein and water ○ In frozen desserts • Olestra (or Olean) ○ Non-digestible (sugar and oil compound) How the body process lipids • Stomach ○ Mechanical digestion ○ Gastric acids and enzymes (lipase) ○ Gastric acids and enzymes (lipase)  Tri-glycerides broken down into di-glycerides • Fat last to leave (2-4 hours) • Small intestine ○ Tri-glycerides and di-glycerides  Fatty acids  Glycerol □ With the help of bile • Liver and pancreas ○ Liver produces bile  Stored in gallbladder  Released into small intestine  Emulsify fat ○ Pancreas digestive enzymes (lipase) ○ Released in the small intestine • Large intestine ○ Some fat and cholesterol trapped in fiber  Eliminated from body What happens when we get too much or too little? • Not enough ○ Intolerable to coo temperatures ○ Children stop growing ○ Skin deteriorates ○ Women  Stop menstruating  Become infertile • Too much ○ Obesity  Excessive accumulation of body fat ○ Heart disease  Leading cause of death in U.S and Canada ○ Cancer  Countries with high fat intakes have higher incidence of cancer A primer on heart disease • Heart disease ○ Aka coronary heart disease (cad) ○ Results when circulation of blood to parts f the heart is inadequate • Plaque ○ Deposits of cholesterol, other fats, calcium and cell materials in the lining of the inner walls of arteries Risk Factors(How many do we have?) • Uncontrollable ○ Blood relative • Age ○ Years or decades of poor diet • Gender ○ Men ○ Post-menopausal women 1.High serum cholesterol • 2 Major sources: ○ Manufactured in liver ○ Animal foods ○ Animal foods • Causes build up of plaque in arteries • Lipoprotein ○ Binds to cholesterol  Transport it in the blood High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) • The "good" cholesterol ○ Takes cholesterol from blood and artery walls to liver Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) • The "bad" cholesterol ○ "Delivers" plaque to artery walls Ways to decrease bad cholesterol(LDL) • Eat foods that… ○ Is low in fat (saturated and trans fats) ○ Is high in soluble fiber ○ Use unsaturated fats instead of saturated fats ○ Exercise to trim excess body fat ○ Stop smoking Ways to increase the good cholesterol(HDL) • Regular physical activity • Maintain healthy weight • Reduce saturated and trans fats intake • Stop smoking 2. smoking • Reduces HDL-cholesterol • Increases blood clotting • Damage internal lining of blood vessels 3.High blood pressure • Can damage circulatory system • Pumping efficiency decreases 4.Type 2 diabetes • Increases risk for heart disease ○ 5 time higher for women ○ And 5.High saturated fat diet time higher • Foods high in saturated fats ○ Meats ○ Diary products ○ Palm oil ○ Coconut oil ○ Hydrogenated fats 6.Sedentary lifestyle • Benefits of physical activity ○ Promotes weight control ○ Protects against high blood pressure a nd diabetes ○ Increases HDL 7.Obesity • Promotes other risk factors ○ Low HDL -cholesterol ○ High blood pressure ○ Type 2 diabetes ○ Type 2 diabetes Other diet-heart disease connections • Antioxidant vitamins ○ Vitamins C,E, and beta-carotene low level may promote development of plaque • Excessive iron stores in men ○ Meats ○ Supplements ○ Fortified cereals


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.