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Soc 1 O'Connell Week 8 Lecture Notes

by: Priscilla orellana

Soc 1 O'Connell Week 8 Lecture Notes Sociology 1

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Sociology > Sociology 1 > Soc 1 O Connell Week 8 Lecture Notes
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Here are the notes for O'Connell Soc 1 Week 8 lectures
Intro to Sociology
Chuck O'Connell
Class Notes
Soc 1, Sociology 1, UCI, UC Irvine, O'Connell, Intro to Soc, Intro to sociology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priscilla orellana on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1 at University of California - Irvine taught by Chuck O'Connell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 296 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.

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Date Created: 02/29/16
Lecture 14 – Week 8 Tuesday 2/23 • Today’s topics: o Racism o Historical periods of white supremacy o The preservation of racial categories o Fighting racism: the issue of compromised o The economics of racism o What American racism looks like abroad • Racial policies change based on two factors o Resistance of the oppressed o Changing needs of the ruling class o Racial policies in the 1800’s: a number of laws are passed restricting the rights of “free” blacks. There were approximately 100,000 free blacks, most of whom lived in the upper south. This is a paradox because America is seen as a place for liberty yet they passed laws to restrict freedoms of blacks. In the early 1800’s, if you looked at America and the West Indies one of things you’d notice is a dramatic rise in the number of slave revolts. Revolts back in the 50’s were to escape from slavery, now revolts were to destroy the whole system of slavery and take down the ruling class. Slave masters held most of the prominent political positions such as supreme court justices, presidents, etc. o From 1866 to 1945/1965 you see a period of intensification of white supremacy. Paradox again, since the civil war brought about the abolition of slavery (or the abolition of “bound labor”). In the modern economy labor is “free”, as in you are not bound to this person as your master. Why then does white supremacy increase? o In the late 1940’s President Truman ends racial segregation in the armed forces. 1954 Supreme Court says school segregation is illegal. 1964/65 Congress passes Civil Rights law, government policy promises equal housing rights and there’s a war on poverty. This takes place over about 20 years, and overt segregation is being officially repudiated. This sets the context for the Cold War, which refers to a struggle between the U.S. as the premier capitalist power of the world and the Soviet Union, also known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). Known as the antithesis of capitalism. Cold War is an ideological struggle, Soviet Union tells Asians of the lynching going on in the U.S. and that they should not be trusted, looks bad for U.S. so they have to move away from OVERT racism in order to look good again. o Racism is a profitable business. As discussed in previous lecture, many big companies have been exposed for charging excess interest rates to racial minorities. o Some people try to say that science says there are no races, only the human species. o Pan-ethnic categories: • Euro-Americans, African-Americans, Hispanic- Americans, Native-Americans, Asian-Americans • “Same wine in new bottles”, it is still a classification system based on ancestry/culture. • System has to preserve the racialized system to favor the ruling class while also seemingly making progress. o Cesar Chavez: well-remembered in history for his work in alliance with farm workers. United Farm Workers (UFW) built a series of encampments along the Arizona border to chase the people who might try to cross the border, nicknamed the “Wet Line”. Turned against Mexican immigrants instead of politicizing them. Lecture 15 – Week 8 Thursday 2/25 • Unemployment for whites 5%, brown 7.5%, blacks 10% 2 • Film: U.S. goes to war with Iraq to bring democracy and freedom. City of Fallujah was a particularly strong city in terms of resistance. Given order to take Fallujah and destroy the resistance, the marines did take Fallujah, and they did temporarily destroy resistance in that city. City rebuilt itself, and as a result brought back the resistance in a greater form. o City was attacked on an American-led operation called Phantom Fury. Most intense fight in US war on Iraq. Forced thousands to evacuate Fallujah with no place to go. o After fighting was over, people of Fallujah had to make mass graves for their dead. Now there are military checkpoints that can take days to get through, and they have no human rights so excessive force can be used and women, men, and children are all searched at gunpoint. City is completely in ruins and there is no media coverage of the destruction. • Dehumanizing vocabulary was developed against Middle Easterners and used openly in some places. • “School of the Americas” in Georgia: Northern American army teaches Latin Americans to put down peasant workers from Mexico to Chile. • Film by Veterans for Peace o Former students/instructors of US School of the Americas speak about the school o School no longer has a cold war mission so they feel it should be shut down. School trains Latin American military to fight a cold war. Some of the students were known human rights abusers, but it doesn’t make a difference to the instructors. Some graduates have gone to kill thousands of Indians per week. o U.S. is the largest armed supplier in the world. o School of the Americans was known to be the best place a Latin American officer could go to launder his money. o More info: 3 o US Tax payer $$ à $$ to US gov’t à $ given to SOA à give instruction in counterinsurgency à counterinsurgency campaigns in Latin America à refugees fleeing Guatemala & El Salvador à emigrate to USA à fill low wage jobs and become accused of ruining America 4


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