CRJU (4) Violence and Homicide
CRJU (4) Violence and Homicide crju110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to crju110 at University of Delaware taught by Parker, Karen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE in Criminal Justice at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Violence and Homicide Criminal Homicide: the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another does not include: death by negligence, suicide, or accident attempted murder Justifiable Homicide the killing of a felon by a law enforcement in the line of duty the killing of a felon, during the commissioning of a felony, by a private citizen (aka selfdefense) Forcible Rape: the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will does include: rapes by force attempted rape assualts to rae does not include: statutory raoe no force victim under age of consent Aggravated Assault: an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury includes: attempts Note: this type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means to provide death or great bodily injury Robbery: the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force, threat of force, violence, or by putting the victim in fear 2/25 Patterns in Violence 1. VictimOffender Relationship a. overall, 52% of victims did not know their assailant i. 7 out of 10 robberies were committed by strangers ii. 3 out of 10 rapes/sexual assaults were committed by strangers iii. approximately 13% of murders were committed by strangers 2. Time of Occurrence a. while overall violent crimes were more likely to occur during the day than at night, some crimes exhibited different patterns i. In 2002, 53% of incidents of violent crimes occurred between 6am and 6 pm 3. Place of Occurrence a. Statistics for 2002 i. about 25% (1 out of 4) of violent crime incidents occurred at or near the victim's home (near as in on the street in front of the house, in the backyard, etc. but not 6 blocks down the road) ii. 14% of violent crimes were on streets iii. 15% were at school iv. 7% were at commercial establishments (restaurant, bank, gas station, pharmacy, movie theater, mall, etc.) 4. Weapon Use a. 95% of all aggravated assaults involved a weapon (assaults without a weapon are classified as aggravated if the victim suffers serious injury) b. offenders had or used a weapon in 46% of all robberies, compared with 7% of rapes/sexual assaults in 2002 c. the percentage of homicide victims killed with a gun decreases with age 3/1 Patterns in Homicide 1) Ages a) homicide victimization rate for 14 to 17 year olds increased almost 150% from 1985 to 1993 b) 18 to 24 experience the highest homicide victimization rates 2) Gender offender victim % male male 65.2% male female 25% female male 7.2% female female 2.6% a) males are 3.2 times more likely than females to be murdered b) males are 10 times more likely than females to commit murder c) male and female offenders are more likely to target male victims than female victims 3) Race a) blacks are 6 times more likely than whites to be murdered b) blacks are over 7 times more likely than whites to commit homicide c) most murders are intraracial i) from 1876 to 2000 1) 86% of white victims were killed by whites 2) 94% of black victims were killed by blacks 4) Circumstances a) the number of homicides i) where circumstances were unknown tripled in 1976 ii) resulting from arguments has declined (but still remains the most frequent circumstances) Ex. people arguing over money and/or drugs iii) involving drugs has increased significantly iv) arguments are the leading cause for homicide 5) Clearance a) Why don't the police know information on homicides today? i) stop snitching campaigns 1) started in Baltimore in 2004 ii) lack of attachment and involvement in the community Trends in Homicide homicides are most often committed with guns, especially handguns the southern regions historically have had higher rates than other regions the percentage of homicide cleared by arrest has been declining recently