The Dark Ages/Homer;Greek Religion
The Dark Ages/Homer;Greek Religion CLA 2110
Popular in Debates about the Past: Greek
Popular in Classical Mythology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Maynard on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLA 2110 at Florida State University taught by Angela Tuminno in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see Debates about the Past: Greek in Classical Mythology at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
CLA 2110 83115 The Dark Ages and Homer 1200 BC What happened 0 Bronze civilization collapses 0 Mass immigration 0 No more written record exotic goods 0 Abandonment of sites I No Myceneans Knossos Pylos Troy 0 Collapse of Aegena civ I Dark ages begin11507OO BC 0 Why I The sea peoplesdorian invasion Greek myths tend to be a lot more focused on entertainment Ancient Chalengers o Protagoras preSocratic philosopher o Aristotle monotheism o Thucydides rejected conviction that gods determine outcome of human events What is myth 0 Myth a traditional story with collective importance I Story main character climax resolution I Traditional no authorGreek stories have no specific author I Collective importance hold meaning for entire group not just one person 0 Divine myths supernatural beings as main actors explain why something is the way it is in the world I Take place elsewherenot in human realm I Science for the Greeks Persephonewife to Hades eat pomegranate seeds and she is stuck in underworld Her motheragriculture is sad so the world was barrensummer and full of life when with her daughter 0 Legends stories of great deeds of human heroes heroines drawn from aristocratic elite I Narrate events of human past I History for Greeks answer What happened in human pastquot great stories about kings etc o Theogonydivine myth or legend Iliadlegend 0 Myth vs religion 0 Myth traditional stories 0 Religion belief and the course of action that follows from belief 0 Myths justify religious practice o Often myths refer to social customs that differ from classical society I Cannabilism human sacrifice wifetheft farily ordinary in myth Why 0 Keeps attention of audience 0 Outdated practices are most likely to be interesting 0 Prominent members of Greek society I Some theories male preoccupation with power and dominance stories the result of Greek male imagination Oral trad 8th cent 0 Most famous Greek poetsHomer Hesiide I Compositions written down for first timeSSOBC o Aoidos Bard I Professional singerpoet I Performed for aristocratic courts I Developed later into competitions at feasts festivals o Learned early in life special lang of poetic comp I Epithets Mycenae rich in gold swift footed Achilles I Dactylic hexameter specific meterclosest to typical speech 0 Important Homer composed but didn t write 0 Marks transition into Archaic Period 700500BC Hesiod 0 Father from Asia Minor then moved to Greece to small village near Thebes where Hesiod lived 0 Opening lines of Theogony Hesiod I IDs himself as first Euro author I Gives first definition of poetmaker I Explains why poet can speak with auth about past present and future Inspired by Musesdivinely ordained 0 We are the ones who can tell you lies that look like truthquot 0 Ethics way to tell right from wrong wo divine auth third fourth century BC Theogony birth of the Gods 0 Greek creation mythEtiology why things are the way they are 0 Begins with etiology of gods concludes with genealogies of heroesgods with mortal women I Re ection of sociopolitical system prevalent in Hesoids time Transition from divine to mortal realm Validation for aristocratic families to justify their rule claimed divine descent 0 Remember no single account of creation popularly acceptedmany versions exist I Why based on geography there were diff creations Homer 0 8th cent 0 lived contemporary to development Iliad Book one 0 10th final yr of Trojan war I Greeks vs Trojans 0 Based on the rage of Achilles Homer as historical resource 0 No way to compare legends to historial reality 0 Many situations archaeology evidence seems to match literary evidence 0 Homer says burned on funeral pillars archaeology shows shaft graves I Does Homer portray more about his time period Homeric Ideals o Tim honor I Success in battle or an honorable death in battle I Proper burial o Geras prize ransom I Spoils of war having spoils taken means a loss of ones honor o Reciprocity I You do something for gods they will repay you 0 Basileus king more like chief in Homers time I Similar to Mycenaean warriorchief wanax CLA 2110 9215 Greek Religion 92 What religion like 0 Polytheistic I Binatural godsgod and object I Major and minor deitiesZeus vs Dionysus I OthersupernaturalmythicNymphs 0 Not religion based on bookvariable o ImmortalitydeathThe UnderworldHades The Gods 0 Did not make world dwelled within 0 Zeusleader others existed before him 0 Personalities like humansstruggled with each other for position and power 0 Did NOT love humansalthough favorites occurred 0 Did not impose codes ofbehavior I Expected respect and honor but could act contrary to human needsdesires o Priestsmf Major Players 0 Titans GenAphroditelove desire 0 First gen OlympiansZeusfatherlightening Poseidonsea Hadesunderworld Herazeus wife goddess of marriage Chart of gods for our clarification Versions of Olympians 0 Athena I Nik victory I Polias of the city I Parthenosvirgin Magic 0 Magical objectsamulets o Miasmapollutionspecifically by blood I Murder pursued by spirit living in spilt blood Considered unlucky avoided by others Dangerous disliked by gods I Childbirth women must physically cleanse and wait several days after birth to enter sacred place 0 Apotropaic turning awayquot of evilNazarevil eye and Hamsapalm Omens and Divination o Prophesy o Divine signs I Entrails of animalssacrifice if one animal did not go willingly considered bad luck I Bird watching Thunder Sneeze Dice The oracle at Delphiancient pot smoking people 0 Most popular in Archaic classical periods 0 Location was majestic Zeus sent eagles out to find naval of the earthquotomphalos o Panhellinic center of purification Politics Colonization Can be blamed for many thingsif oracle ordered you did Cult activities Ethical moral issues 0 Oracle would inhale fumes from earth and possible chew leaves and spew out quotnonsensequot from Apollo to priest who would translate Sacrifice 0 Ways of sacrifice Animal sacrifice Votives Dona on 0 Know your place in the cosmos o Gain gods good willdestroy your highest value Festivals Public holidays13 of calendar year was holidays Highly formalized O O OO 0 Games God indebted to you Priests music garland Processions For the entire poliscity Lesser panathenaia Annual Greater panathenaia Once every four yeaars For Athena Poseidon Peplosworn like a cloak on statue on statue of Athena polias 0 Games at OlympiaOlympic games 776 BC Every 4 yrs Delphi pythian games Every four years CorinthIsthmian games Every other yr ArgosNemean Games Every other year Greek Sanctuaries O O Sanctuary the whole sacred space Temple one building within sanctuary Greek temples 0 000000 Monumental houses of gods Formalized and standard design Part of larger sanctuary Cult statue Altermost sacred where sacrifices were performed Temple itself not a place of worship offerings kept here mostly