Lecture 3 and 4
Lecture 3 and 4 POLI 316 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lane christopher on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 316 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Lanz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Topic The State Definition of the State center of political leadership plus power 0 almost always one ruler legal and administrative center only modern entity with a monopoly over violence 0 legitimate use of force 0 some see this as the defining feature exclusive to the state 0 treaty of Westfalia Westphalia 1648 creation of the modern nation state 0 weak states cannot prevent the emergence of private armies o secession is usually ethnic What is the source of authority democratic the people or USSC communist people traditional moral authority rests on a deity conservatism representative to the gov Why accept state Authority where people willingly accept authority 1 Tradition family 2 Charisma ruler leader worship 3 Rationality can they get things done capability 1 industrial firms and market cause rejection of leaders and government Attributes of the State 1 organization bureaucracy 1 rules and resources at it s disposal 2 unified set of interests and purposes 2 Differentiation 1 divides the state into different departments to deal with social du es 2 number of duties many functions security development taxing educa on transportation infrastructure cabinet processes NFDSNHgt9 Nrt 8 possibly healthcare 9 gov oversees small bureaucracies 10 print money 3 Sovereignty authority over a given territory and population 1 Treaty of Westphalia countries must recognize the sovereignty of other countries to avoid war and maintain peace 4 Secular no theocracy or religions influence 1 Iran only state that has a theocracy now 5 Part of the International NationState system Threats to the State system ethnic violence religion clash of civilization EU supranational market plus technology could unravel states Lecture Four 1 Rivals to the State 2 The state and war 3 The state and morality 4 Critiques of the State 1 marxist 2 conservative 5 Political culture Rivals to the State church ethnic groups The State and War modern wars are centered around states 0 state vs state 0 after WW2 state vs state isn t popular bc of the amount of casualties total war 0 justification of killing civilians 0 nothing escapes the targets of warfare o organizes economic production 0 only happens in whole states 0 domestically mobilize people Ideologies The State and MoralityEthics collective to distribute social and economic goods specific normative goal provide best good for citizens modern states created the capitalism the way it is now sets the rules and regulations for market print the money each has its own social moral purpose Morality and ethics ideologies guide state policy behavior coercive state own pop is object of violence possible genocide new idea is not sovereignty of just governments but the people Sovereignty debate 0 national or popular moral compass where citizens but more pressure on gov to behave itself Liberal Democracies the states where gov and leaderships start to share power with the people problems of tyranny of the majority soft totalitarianism Critiques of the State Marxist 1 state is an instrument of power by the wealthyeconomics 2 justifies conflict and exploitation to main power 3 state must be dissolved Conservative 1 Artificial of the modern state 1 cutting societies off from their tradition 2 lmpersonal Abstract 3 situation of enforced conformity 4 Boundlessness Political Culture feelings of national pride or about political society types of institutions that a society has places with many ethnicities see many political subcultures distinct idea values institution political socialization refers to the ways in which political values are formed sustained and transmitted in a society Agents of socialization eduoa on family religion interest groups 0 media lead to conclusions soft totalitarianism Politoal parties democracies o mediate power between gov t and people 0000
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