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Week of Notes 2/23 & 2/25

by: Danielle Notetaker

Week of Notes 2/23 & 2/25 10600-02

Danielle Notetaker
GPA 3.988

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About this Document

A Short Life of Jesus analysis, Jesus, John the Baptist, Paul the Apostle, Jesus of Nazareth.
Intro to World Religions: Western and Modern
Cynthia A. Hogan
Class Notes
12 Disciples, Jesus of Nazareth, christian scriptures
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Notetaker on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10600-02 at Ithaca College taught by Cynthia A. Hogan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to World Religions: Western and Modern in Humanities and Social Sciences at Ithaca College.

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Date Created: 02/29/16
World Religion 2/23 Notes regarding: “A Short Life of Jesus” Reading  Paul was a cosmopolitan and Jesus was a provincial  Jesus and Paul were committed Jews, proud of their God Both lived in certainty that their God had destined Jerusalem to be the center of the Earth. Both had a special gift of driving out demons.  Jesus was regarded as the son of a prostitute.  John the Baptist stood in a long line of Jewish prophets of doom who called for repentance in the face if the imminent day of God.  12 Disciples: 12 is an important # because it reflects the Tribes of Israel. Paul becomes the Apostle to the Gentiles, without Paul the Jesus movement would have faltered. The historical Jesus/ Jesus of Nazareth (the human being) lived 4 BCE to 33 CE Jesus Christ is the theological understanding (song of God in the Christian faith, the messiah  after death.  Jesus John Baptist Paul Provincial  Called for repentance in the  Paul was a cosmopolitan face of the imminent day of  God Committed Jew He was executed by King  Committed Jew Herod Regarded as the son of a  Preaching particular doctrine: Could explain numerous  prostitute to repent  cases of sickness in the  community of Corinth  Did not like Johns ascetic  He baptized Jesus  He lived in the city  attitude Grew up in a rural area He was educated Never left any works or texts  He had gifts for healing  behind because he was  illiterate Had siblings and was from a  Paul was convinced he would “broken family” see the coming of the Lord.  Jesus of Nazareth: Historical Criticism Historical- Critical Approaches  Set aside all suppositions or preconceptions based on faith and later Christian tradition.  Evaluate available written sources and situate them in their own historical, literary,  social, and religious context  Use exegetical criteria of authenticity (embarrassment, coherence, plausibility,  dissimilarity) Historical­ Critical Methodologies DO NOT  1. Belittle religious traditions or people who uphold faith in religious traditions 2. Deny or support any particular theological views 3. Universalize beliefs across time and communities.  DO Maintain the spirit of rational inquiry based on theories and methods drawn from the social  sciences, linguistic analysis, literary analysis and historical evidence. Jesus of Nazareth 4 BCE – 33 CE  What can we know historically?  No written sources from Jesus or his Jewish disciples   No written eye­witness accounts by Jesus’ followers  Extra­biblical sources do not identify Jesus of Nazareth specifically (Josephus, Tacitus)    Christian Scriptures= Old Testament + New Testament  Earliest followers of Jesus were Jewish, hence their scripture was the Torah  Later Christian theologians interpret Jewish scriptures as prophecy for Jesus as the  messiah  Old Covenant replaced by New Covenant th  Christian writings canonized (finalized) in mid­late 4  century  Numerous gospels were not included in NT canon.  Chronology Early Christianity Crucifixion of Jesus c. 33 CE Paul of Tarsus active, letters c. 50­67 Deaths of Peter & Paul, Rome c. 64­67 Gospel Period c. 60­125 (?) Canonical Gospels written c. 65/70­100 Mark c. 70 CE Matthew, Luke­Acts c. 80­85 John c. 95­100  NOTES 2/25/26 The Synoptic Problem=  Refers to the literary relationship between the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke  (synoptic gospels)  Notes the similarities/differences of stories and their sequence  Gospel mean good news. Gospels are theological documents. They are not first­hand accounts  because they are written long after Jesus had died.  Q stands for the German word Quelle which means Source .  Notes Regarding Reading:  God is viewed as apocalyptic, the coming of the kingdom  Jesus is portrayed as being able to do anything better than other prophets  Jesus was an exorcist   In the reading, Jesus is given a darker side


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