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Week 2 Class Notes

by: Jay

Week 2 Class Notes CRP 5130

Intro to Planning Practice & History
Neema Kudva

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Planning Emerges I, The U.S Case, The Social Movement Context and Progressiveim, 1890-1933 Lecture, Pierre Clavel
Intro to Planning Practice & History
Neema Kudva
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jay on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRP 5130 at Cornell University taught by Neema Kudva in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Intro to Planning Practice & History in Environmental Science at Cornell University.


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Date Created: 09/08/15
09082015 CRP 6130 Time Period Vision Methods Constituancy 18901933 City Beautiful Coalition Social Progressive Reform 1933 1970 City Practical New Deal 1970 2015 Recent His Constituency N A body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body Mollenkopf 1 1970s coalitions needed to be created Political entrepreneurs 2 Everything was made possible by state and government programs 3 Economic context Industrial Revolution Part I People moving to the city for work Industrial Revolution Part II Industries were growing 8 more functions were developing People moving to the suburbs Ie productivity managerial positionsetc 4 Political entrepreneurs were led by the democratic party their way to compete for votes 1952 Republicans coming into power Eisenhower and then Nixon 5 Is there any alternative to the growth of cities As planners we are worried about the public interests Just Cities Book he referenced Progressive movement The cities inability to solve their own issues Urban Political Machine No moral constraints on people For more information on Machine Politician go to httpwww1cunyeduportal urcontentvoting curriculumurban politicshtml The governing class wanted to fight the machines and they tried to do municipalization Municipalization is the transfer of corporations or other assets to municiapal ownership Historians critized the progressive movement because once they were done then what A positive of the progressive movment was City Beautiful but in 1910 City Beautiful was starting to gain some disinterest due to the cost of the plans Taking the place of City Beautiful was City Practical The reason why they had shifted this movement was because they figured if they worked with the idea of econmics it would gain more interest 1908 Talks about Kessler and the railroad He creates a colition By 1930 he finally gets the tracks off and he contiuned to work on City Beautiful Sep 02 2015 Week 2 Socialist in the 1980s Chicago for exaample Constituancy is not really organized Beauty is expensive so they were drawing more toward practical planning 1933 New Deal Roosevelts first new term after Truman starts the fair deal 1948 after Eisen hower which then he tries to put limits on the budget and passes the freeway act in 1957 Transistion from New Deal Nov 19293031 unemployment shooting up during Hurbert Hoovers time and 1933 Hitler came in Politics and Economics What is the causation What direction do you go in Value system Survey Design Progressive Teddy Roosevelt Second rate intellect first rate personality New Deal was more experiemental Hoover said Don39t do anything economy will take care of itself Regan said no government is the way to go 1929 after planners thought that they could do City Beautiful and City Practical 1 Public Works Admin PWA 1St Major New Deal Public Works Administration PWA part of the New Deal of 1933 was a largescale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L Ickes It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression Wiki 2 National Industrial Recovery Act NIRA The National Industrial Recovery Act NIRA was a law passed by the United States Congress in 1933 to authorize the President to regulate industry in an attempt to raise prices after severe deflation and stimulate economic recovery Wiki 3 Harry Lloyd Hopkins August 17 1890 January 29 1946 was one of Franklin Delano Roosevelt39s closest advisers He was one of the architects of the New Deal especially the relief programs of the Works Progress Administration WPA which he directed and built into the largest employer in the country Wiki 4 Works Progress Administration renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration WPA was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency employing millions of unemployed people mostly unskilled men to carry out public works projects including the construction of public buildings and roads 5 Housing Division of the PWA contracted with local atthorities to create 150000 homes in six years 6 Federal Housing Administration FHA is a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934 It sets standards for construction and underwriting and insures loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building 7 Greenbelt Towns In 1936 the US Department of Agriculture created the Greenbelt Towns project with New Deal funds Three towns were chosen to create communities with affordable housing near schools and areas of commerce yet also filled with the beauty of nature through numerous parks and gardens Located outside of large cities these towns were intended to combine the best parts of living in a city and living in the country Greendale Wis Greenhills Ohio and Greenbelt Md became the three chosen communities More info httplivingnewdealorgtaggreenbelttowns 8 Taft Hartley Act Enacted June 23 1947 Is a United States federal lawthat restricts the activities and power of labor unions 9 Federal Aid Highway Act of 1944 established a 5050 formula for subsidizing the construction of national highways and secondary or quotfeederquot roads The legislation established a National System of Interstate Highways and required the Public Roads Administration to establish construction and operational standards for the Interstate Highway System Wiki The biggest story in the New Deal was LABOR Labor institution under great stress in the 1930s WWII Union Gangs After WWII they wanted to break down the so called color line in the Southern City 200 Organizers to get changes made especially in textile They wanted to get wage gains The role of the planner in Southern Cities Professional role Organize the office Cultivate the political community Educate community


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