Week 3 Sociology
Week 3 Sociology SOCI 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
09082015 Sociology Chapter 5 Social Structure Sociologist use concepts of social structure to describe the diverse ways in which norms of everyday life become enduring patterns that shape and govern social interactions Roles and social structures Roles rules expectations that are associated with different positions 0 As we quotgrow upquot from one life stage to another we are expected to alter our behavior to t our new role Social hierarchies roles with varying amounts of power privilege o Arise and persist in any situation in which member of one group are able to use their possessions of some asset or attribute on a basis for claiming special advantages over others who do not posses it Involves power and priviledge n Maintained through discrimination and stereotypes 3 critical economic trends that transformed society 0 decrease in Agriculture 0 increase in industry and manufacturing increase white collar jobs and the importance of advanced educann Social Norms unofficial undocumented rules of social engagement 0 Don t know where they came from 0 Social fact independent of individual but exert a force over us Durkheim lnstitutionalization slow process When people begin to try to formalize something that individuals were already doing informally 0 Religion 0 Education Socialization o A never ending process of forming appropriate behaviors Social structure is hugely important but individual free will is also largely relevant to determined how someone will act Path dependency the ways in which outcomes of the past impact actors and organizations in the present Persistence because 0 we comply without thinking 0 Political interest interest groups promoting ideals 0 Public support status quo easier to stay the same Chapter 6 Culture media and communication Terms 0 Culture a shared system of beliefs and knowledge a 5 et of values beliefs and practices and shared forms of communication Habitus habit developed in the course of growing up and socializing with others that becomes so routine we don t even realize we are following them 0 Group style set of norms that set groups apart Hegemony process by which powerful groups gain legitimacy 0 Cultural relativism evaluating cultural meanings and practices in their own social context 0 National culture shared belief custom with in a nation Communication 0 Language in uences culture without completely determining it Culture Mainstream vs subcultures vs counter cultures 0 Mainstream popular culture 0 Subcultures cultures differ between groups 0 Counter cultures cultures and groups that work against the mainstream culture 0 America once referred to as the melting pot o All types of people will enter and assimilated into American mainstream culture Ethnocentric n Refuse to believe that other culture can and will exist in combination with American culture Nationalism or the belief that one should identify as part of the nation in which they belong is a relatively new phenomena Media Those with most wealth and power also have the greatest ability to produce and promotes their own ideas Never been one overarching public sphere but rather various social groups with their own counter publics Theodor Adorno the dominant popular culture encourages a passive conservative culture 0 Cultural industry Critiques believes it too pessimistic Believe culture is more user ddven Different media encourages different forms of communicating Politicians use media as an agenda setting power 3 US trend that increased pressure on journalism 0 consolidation 0 conglomeration o hypercommercialism Press is vital for democracy Thomas Jefferson o It is true now 0 political parties and corporations run media 0 But Internet activism give everyone a voice
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