PSYCH1010: Game of Science and The Experiment
PSYCH1010: Game of Science and The Experiment PSY 1010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
PSYCH1010 Introduction to Psychology Dr Watson Wednesday 9215 GAME OF SCIENCE The Scientific Method we hope this will help us solve our disagreements but sometimes it makes the problems W0 I39SG PhHosophy What is the cause of a person Does not rely on the scientific method but rather uses rationansm Rattehattsm all true knowledge comes through the use of logic and reason alone Engage in systematic situations and methodically analyze problems Empiricism Belief that all true knowledge comes through experience This is what psychologists believe instead of rationalism Be rational about evidence ALL scientists assume that seeing is believing so they ALL believe in empiricism Sensing is believing as well quotAll scientists are from Missouri the Show Me Statequot Dr Watson Social Sciences dteetptthee that attempt to explain the causes of persons through use of the scientific method In the term 0t methods social sciences follow suit with the natural sciences Biology What is the cause of life Chemistry What is the cause of matter Meteorology What is the cause of weather Geology What is the cause of rocks and oil Physics What is the cause of everything In the terms 0t concerns the social sciences follow suit with the humanities Philosophy What is the cause of a person through rationalism Religious studies What is the cause of a person through biblical texts Literature What is the cause of a person through experience and creativity The SOCtat sciences are in the middle of the actions seoueiog 121305 setsqd 01099 Nucleus of our emmgm ABOIOJOQJQW Un d erstan din g setpms snot ueg me 332 KB 01018 of the game is 39 39139 H soouotog 12111le CAUSALITY All science is founded in determinism empiricism Determinism belief that everything is determined There are no uncaused effects in the universe Best Game the experiment Friday 9415 THE EXPERIMENT A highly Structured experience designed to isolate cause and effect Empiricism tied to determinism sprouts knowledge To play a game you must understand the logic rules of the game By seeing the mistakes you then can see the logic Steps of the experiment 1 Phenomenon all experiments begin with this Greek word meaning quotthat which reveals itselfquot A scientist gets interesting in something 2 Develop a hypothesis a presumed relationship between variables a tentative explanation Must be testable There must be a presumed cause and presumed effect 3 Independent Variable variable that the researcher manipulates presumed cause The researcher can change different aspects of this 4 Dependent Variable variable that the researcher measures presumed effect This depends on the independent variable and it is not directly caused only impacted by the independent variable 5 Any adequate experiment must have at least two groups Experimental Group this group receives the independent variable Centrei Group a comparison group as much like the experimental group as possible but it does NOT receive the independent variable 6 Confound an uncontrolled variable is systematically linked with the independent variable This skews the results so the experiment must be thrown away and restarted HOW many potential confounds are possible There could be an infinite number of them in every experiment No single experiment proves anything 7 Replication repeat the experiment multiple times to check for a consistent result Logic of an experiment 1 Sameness and difference 2 Two groups start out the same with one difference between them 3 If they are different at the end the independent variable was in fact a cause 4 If they are still the same at the end the independent variable was not a cause Example of an Experiment 1 Phenomenon There is more violence in 2015 than in 1915 2 Hypothesis Violent television and video games is a major factor in the growing violence 3 Independent variable the researcher shows 20 3rd graders random violent clips from the movie Kill Bill 4 Dependent variable The children were then observed at recess and there were 86 accounts of aggressive behavior 5 Independent variable The children were then observed at recess and there were 86 accounts of aggressive behavior 6 Experimental group this is the group of 3rd graders observed in the above steps who watched Kill Bill 7 Control group 20 3rd graders watch Mr Roger39s Neighborhood and were sent outside These kids only showed 12 accounts of aggressive behavior 8 Confound the experimental group had 18 boys and 2 girls the control group had 2 boys and 18 girls they began with a difference and ended with a difference 1 Restart the experiment with 10 girls and 10 boys in each group