Soc 354, week 6 notes
Soc 354, week 6 notes Soc 354
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Chapter 11 Work and Families The work hours of parents help determine where some of their meals come from, whether it’s a home cooked meal or fast food. Work: effort made for a desired outcome such as pay, knowledge, or experience. Care work: the unpaid work of taking care of another person. Example: children, elderly parents. Housework: work to maintain the house. Ex: cleaning, laundry, repairs, yard work. Market work: work done for pay Families must decide how to split house and care work, when to pay for housework services, and when to use childcare services. When women entered the workforce more, it started out as only single women without children, then married women without children, then women with kids. Women with college degrees are more likely to be in the workforce than high school dropouts or women with only high school diplomas. More women are working during pregnancy and after giving birth than ever before. Occupational gender segregation: the practice of women and men working in separate occupations. Ex: doctors are mostly men and nurses are mostly women. Time use studies are used to measure the differences of how men and women spend their time, work and otherwise. The roles of housework and childcare have become more equal over time but are still pretty uneven. In same sex relationships, the division of labor is fairly even. Women are encouraged to stay home with children when they make less than men. Workfamily conflict: when the demands of work interfere with family obligations. Single parents have the most of this, as they do all work with no help from a significant other. There are more single mothers in poverty than in past, and less of them receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Mothers often earn less after children, while fathers earn more. Women with a bachelor’s degree or higher are more likely to get paid leave and keep their job than women with no college degree or dropouts. Even if men and women do the same amount of work (paid+unpaid), women are disadvantaged because they make less money. Women are usually working more during hard economic times. o Men often feel disappointed during this time, causing more traditional gender roles. Division of labor becomes more traditional with marriage and children. Many people are reducing work hours to care for the family o This limits career potential for many people.