Lecture 11 - Obedience
Lecture 11 - Obedience PSYC 2012
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Monday February 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2012 at George Washington University taught by Stock, M in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Leslie Ogu PSYC 2012 02/29/2016 Obedience Obedience ➢ Def: a change in behavior due to the commands of authority ➢ Indicators of authority: ○ Title ○ Position ○ Wealth ○ Power ➢ Why do we obey? ○ to keep order ○ learning ○ safety ○ avoid conflict ➢ It’s a social norm ○ universally valued ➢ Without it, there would be chaos ○ society follows certain unwritten/unspoken rules because we don’t want to disrupt the flow of how things have always been ➢ We are socialized to obey legitimate authority figures ○ internalize social norm of obedience ■ obey even if authority figure isn’t present ● Ex: traffic lights We all obey even though no one is there to tell us we have to ➢ Milgram’s Obedience Studies ○ illustrated the power of the situation ○ experimenter had participant administer volts of increasing amounts to the learner depending on their number of incorrect answers in a memorization exercise ○ found that most people would continue to give large amounts of shock because the experimenter urged them to continue, despite the learner being in pain ■ showed that when a person perceived to be power gives commands, people unconsciously are more likely to listen despite what they may ask one to do Factors Affecting Obedience ➢ Informative social influence: influence from the experimenter ➢ Normative social influence: believed it was common for others to give high shocks (or whatever action asked of a person) ➢ The Authority ○ physical presence ■ the closer the authority figure is, the more obedience there is ○ legitimacy ■ if the authority figur and the institutio are perceived as legitimate, there will be more obedience ➢ The Learner / Victim ○ physical proximity ■ the farther away the victim is, the more obedience there is ➢ The Procedure ○ gradual escalation of shocks in the experiment ■ similar to the “footinthedoor” technique discussed in previous lectures ○ peer modeling ○ dissenters ■ when “peers” disobeyed, people were less likely to obey ➢ It’s not about aggression ➢ Ethical Issues Summary of Social Influence Studies Topic Researcher Method RealLife Example Informational Sherif Autokinetic effect Watching others in a Influence new place to learn Normative Asch Line Judgements Fashion / Hair Fads Influence Obedience Milgram Commands to give Employees following shocks questionable order
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