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Political Science Week 6 Notes Feb. 23-25

by: vctorres3

Political Science Week 6 Notes Feb. 23-25 pols 2310

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > pols 2310 > Political Science Week 6 Notes Feb 23 25
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About this Document

These notes cover material that will be on the first Midterm on March 3, 2016.
Introduction to politics
Webking, Robert H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by vctorres3 on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to pols 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Webking, Robert H in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views.


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Date Created: 03/01/16
Political Science Week 6 Notes Tuesday­Thursday (Feb.23­25) Federal Bureaucracy  Bureaucrat: simply an administrator or a member of the large organization that carries out government policies.  Characteristics of Bureaucracy:   Hierarchical organization  Delineated lines of authority in a fixed area of activity  Written rules and records   Expert training of neutral officials who are paid salaries  Separation of personal and office property  Career system based on technical qualifications judged by organizations  not individuals   President James Garfield was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker.  Federal Bureaucracy   Employs 4,312,000 people  2,697,000 in Executive Branch   1,551,000 in Military   64,000 in Legislative and Judicial Branches   Generally competent and uncorrupt  Comprised of 2000 department, agencies, commissions  The Federal Bureaucracy consists of four branches:   Executive Office of the President  Cabinet Departments  Executive Agencies  Regulatory Commissions  Executive Office of the President (EOP)  Founded by Franklin Roosevelt  Advises the president and assists in managing bureaucracy   Includes 16 agencies and employs 1400 people  White House  Direct extension of the president  Scheduling speech­writing, relations with the press, Congress and public  Loyal but can put the president in artificial “bubble”  National Security Council  Coordinates military and defense policies  Members include State, Defense, and CIA.  Office of Management and Budget  Prepares president’s budget proposal   Controls budget requests and monitors expenditures and outcomes  Cabinet Department  Core of Federal Bureaucracy  15 as the role of Federal government expanded   Headed by Secretary who is member of cabinet  Used for advice and photo­ops   Develop own agendas  Executive Agencies  Important agencies of executive branch generally not in the cabinet  Heads are appointed by president with approval of Senate  Regulatory Commissions  Charged with regulating and making rules for certain parts of the economy  Provide oversight on complicated matters that requires technical expertise  Members are appointed the president with the approval of the Senate  Most members serve longer terms than the president  Difficult for president to remove members   Bipartisan and relatively independent  Bureaucracy and bureaucrats are absolutely essential for modern government  Bureaucracy: lacks flexibility of marker not good at innovation  Bureaucrats have expertise and information to influence drafting of laws.  Laws typically require detailed regulations issued by bureaucrats  Bureaucracy is important support for president and major limit on his actions  President has great source of information and expertise in executive branch  Agencies may oppose president initiative that threaten them or clients  Agencies may have longstanding rivalries with one another  Individuals “whistle blowers” may also disclose information that is embarrassing to the  president  Most bureaucrats are protected by the civil service legislation  The Federal Bureaucracy is sometimes called the “Fourth Branch” of government **Note Thursday February 25, 2016 there was a video, therefore there were no  notes for that day.**


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