Political Science Week 6 Notes Feb. 23-25
Political Science Week 6 Notes Feb. 23-25 pols 2310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by vctorres3 on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to pols 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Webking, Robert H in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Political Science Week 6 Notes TuesdayThursday (Feb.2325) Federal Bureaucracy Bureaucrat: simply an administrator or a member of the large organization that carries out government policies. Characteristics of Bureaucracy: Hierarchical organization Delineated lines of authority in a fixed area of activity Written rules and records Expert training of neutral officials who are paid salaries Separation of personal and office property Career system based on technical qualifications judged by organizations not individuals President James Garfield was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker. Federal Bureaucracy Employs 4,312,000 people 2,697,000 in Executive Branch 1,551,000 in Military 64,000 in Legislative and Judicial Branches Generally competent and uncorrupt Comprised of 2000 department, agencies, commissions The Federal Bureaucracy consists of four branches: Executive Office of the President Cabinet Departments Executive Agencies Regulatory Commissions Executive Office of the President (EOP) Founded by Franklin Roosevelt Advises the president and assists in managing bureaucracy Includes 16 agencies and employs 1400 people White House Direct extension of the president Scheduling speechwriting, relations with the press, Congress and public Loyal but can put the president in artificial “bubble” National Security Council Coordinates military and defense policies Members include State, Defense, and CIA. Office of Management and Budget Prepares president’s budget proposal Controls budget requests and monitors expenditures and outcomes Cabinet Department Core of Federal Bureaucracy 15 as the role of Federal government expanded Headed by Secretary who is member of cabinet Used for advice and photoops Develop own agendas Executive Agencies Important agencies of executive branch generally not in the cabinet Heads are appointed by president with approval of Senate Regulatory Commissions Charged with regulating and making rules for certain parts of the economy Provide oversight on complicated matters that requires technical expertise Members are appointed the president with the approval of the Senate Most members serve longer terms than the president Difficult for president to remove members Bipartisan and relatively independent Bureaucracy and bureaucrats are absolutely essential for modern government Bureaucracy: lacks flexibility of marker not good at innovation Bureaucrats have expertise and information to influence drafting of laws. Laws typically require detailed regulations issued by bureaucrats Bureaucracy is important support for president and major limit on his actions President has great source of information and expertise in executive branch Agencies may oppose president initiative that threaten them or clients Agencies may have longstanding rivalries with one another Individuals “whistle blowers” may also disclose information that is embarrassing to the president Most bureaucrats are protected by the civil service legislation The Federal Bureaucracy is sometimes called the “Fourth Branch” of government **Note Thursday February 25, 2016 there was a video, therefore there were no notes for that day.**
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