Hist 110B, Week 3 Notes
Hist 110B, Week 3 Notes History 110B
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in World Civilizations Since the 16th Century
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Japson on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 110B at California State University - Fullerton taught by Daniel Christensen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since the 16th Century in History at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
HIST 110B 2/11 Chapter 18: 1420-1800 West Africa in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade Africans were slaves all over the world West Africa had in 1500: 50 million people Living in various cultures and livelihoods West African cultures Religion: fertility rituals; witchcraft o Witchcraft blamed for diseases, sicknesses, and poverty o Islam enters and spreads southward along the east coast o Maintains thin layer of converts – people involved in import/export trades o Despite Islam, traditional religions Faced environmental challenges o Tse tse fly and mosquito Mosquito brought malaria o Flourishing cattle business o Metal working o Cola nuts, cowry shells Used as currency Internal warfare – nonstop o Fighting over land, resources, rivers, mines o Were “many” west Africas The states of west Africa – Islam Empire builders – Mali, Songhai o Clustered around the Niger River o The key was gold European interest Most formed confederacies o Make alliances with neighbors to become trading partners o Can import/export, travel, share culture o Not Songhai – Sunni Ali conquering over, Muhammad Toure Moroccan raiders. Sa’dis. The Kongo in west central Africa They grew bananas, millet, and yams o Pygmies o Corn, beans, squash, rice o Copper access and trade Life for women o In homes, not really involved in society, overall homemakers o Also worked in mining crews because channels will sometimes have been narrow for only small women to fit Europeans and Slavery First were the Portuguese, 1400’s o Sailed the Gambia River Caravels in 1471 – slave ships o Factory (feitoria) – Elmina or St. George’s Mine Niger delta, other Europeans came. 1650’s to buy Africans Portuguese missionaries. Racism o Tried to train black priests o Some impact, but less than Latin America o Locals held onto local religion o Alfonso I, 1500’s Northern Europeans and slavery Displaced the Portuguese by 1650 o Kicked out, replaced by British and Dutch A shift in North America, Caribbean The slave trade was racist Trading companies: profits over humanitarian concerns African elites
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