Hist110B, Week 4 Notes
Hist110B, Week 4 Notes History 110B
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in World Civilizations Since the 16th Century
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Japson on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 110B at California State University - Fullerton taught by Daniel Christensen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since the 16th Century in History at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Chapter 19: 1450-1750, The Indian Ocean, South Asia, & East Africa Trading enclaves flourished in the Indian Ocean basin o No one state has ever controlled the whole basin o Even Islam was divided by practices With regional identities o The seasonal monsoons blew ships Westward in the winter Eastward in the summer o Aceh and Melaka benefited by location, on the way to China o Prior to the Europeans, Muslims dominated the system o All benefited with religious toleration in port cities o Indian enclaves benefited from strong empires (Mughal, Ottoman) o Had trading enclaves and silver in the economy o Dutch and English interlopers benefited from their trading companies VOC, EIC The rise and fall of India’s empires reflected larger regional trends o Grew from large peasant populations With tribute and tax systems in place o The empires were the Mughal and Vijayanagara o Over time, taxation became corrupt, succession was a crisis o The empires fell o But the regional trading enclaves and introduction of silver helped the economies How Europeans inserted themselves into the Indian Ocean o Introduced violence to it o First the Portuguese, then Dutch, English – gunpowder weapons o Ships, guns, and cannons o Allowed them to control trade and entire societies: Goa and Melaka o Europeans brought changes Brought formal trading companies as virtual governments as almost independent states o That’s a “colonial presethe” o Continued until the 19 century Role Africa played in the Atlantic slave and in the Indian Ocean trade o African elites adjusted to European buyers in the slave trade o Europeans couldn’t conquer African states o But their military presence increased the slave trade o East Africans exported gold and ivory to traders o But held onto their independence As city-state (port cities) Mogadishu Mombasa Kilwa
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