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2-26-2016/ Llera /PSYC 101-006

by: Katie Delaney

2-26-2016/ Llera /PSYC 101-006 PSYC 101-006

Marketplace > Towson University > PSYC 101-006 > 2 26 2016 Llera PSYC 101 006
Katie Delaney
GPA 3.56
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Pre Exam 1, these notes finish up chapter four. We talked about Cochlear Implants, Vestibular Sense- The inner Ear, Types of Information Processing, etc..
Introduction to Psychology
Sandra Llera
Class Notes
psych, Psychology, chapter 4, Llera, Psych 101




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Delaney on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101-006 at Towson University taught by Sandra Llera in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.

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Date Created: 03/01/16
Electro-chemical communication- its electric and chemical so the electrical is the charge and the chemical part is the release of neurotransmitters For the test- know lobe location and what their functions are, know the name and function of limbic system (located in the forebrain) REMINDERS: Exam Monday: scantron, #2 pencil, and ID number NO QUIZ FOR CHAPTER 10- Development, which we’ll begin covering WED Next quiz is for ch. 6: Learning; due ~ Wed. March 9th Review: What is the optic nerve? What does it pass through and connect to? The optic nerve connects the thalamus to the visual cortex in the occipital lobe What does the Feature Detection Mean? Why do we have two eyes? What is the stimulus for Hearing (what is sound)? What are the differences between Frequency and Intensity? Why do we have two ears? What are the pieces of the Outer Inner and Middle ear? What does the hammer, anvil, and stirrup do? How does the Cochlea work? Cochlear Implants partially outside/inside the head, allows people who have never been able to hear to be able to hear bypasses the hair cells in the Cochlea and stimulates the auditory nerves directly to hear things would need to get the implant before the age of two to be able to speak regularly-because of the brain development so the nerves need stimulation in the right way Vestibular Sense- The inner Ear Sensitive to position, acceleration and the rotational movement -filled to fluid--when you shake your head around the fluids move around and senses where you are (upside down right side up...) -Vestibular system connected to the Pons -connected to motion sickness Perceptual Processes and Phenomena Types of Information Processing top down processing: we use the context and our pre existing knowledge to help us unferstand what we are looking at ABC 4 1 3 1 2 1 Cna Yuo Raed Tihs? If the justaposition is close enough, see word and not letters, you are expecting to see something so that is what youre going to see bottom up processing: begins with raw materials if you saw the 13 by itself its more ambiguous so you may not see the other ideal of it Perceptual Organization How do we organize sensory stimuli? Gestalt Principles: -the whole is greater than the sum of it’s parts -proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic with self organizing tendencies -our brain pulls this out because it feels relevant- face fruit pictures Gestalt Principles Figure and ground- we need to perceive an object(figure) as separate from it’s surroundings (ground) Grouping- our perception needs to organize figs. into meaningful shapes -proximity: || || || six lines or three groups of two -similarity ..<<(( see three columns rather than nine separate shapes -continuity _____ -connectedness -closure (cube with dots) Depth Perception -lets us see distance -Binocular Depth Cues (two+eyes): sheet of paper tube- hole in hand filters out everything so you can’t combine the image retinal disparity -crawling age is when we can perceive depth moving around in the environment allows for discovery -Visual cliff- most toddlers won’t do this after they have been crawling around -Monocular cues: can see image even with one eye- see them because of the lines themselves Linear perspective- parallel lines converge in a distance Shadow allows the sense of depth Texture gradient- blurring with distance Lightness Constancy despite actual light reflected off object, we perceive colors differently visual system processes light and color relative to surroundings Perceptual Illusions reveal ways we normally org. and interperate our normal sensory of interpretation because we found the loop holes -Muller-Lyer illusion <———>———< one line may look longer than the other, but that is because of the angles associated with them. we see angles that look like “<>” when objects are closer while we see angles that look like “><” when objects are farther -Zoner illusion Perpendicular lines- they look like they aren't perpendicular, yet the are. The patterns on them trick the eye into seeing only the pattern, not the lines themselves


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