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MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 7 and 8 Notes

by: Lauren Heller

MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 7 and 8 Notes Mus121

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Art > Mus121 > MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 7 and 8 Notes
Lauren Heller
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes were taken directly from the textbook and cover chapters 7 and 8
Into to listening
Benjamin Crofut
Class Notes
MUS121, Intro to Listening, Introduction to Listening, Music, Music Appreciation
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benjamin Crofut in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Into to listening in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/01/16
Chapter 7 Notes  Cantata- a choral work, usually on a sacred subject and frequently build on a chorale tune, combining aria, recitative, chorus, and instrumental accompaniment  Ex. Opera  The Secular Cantata  Popular in baroque Italy  Composers such as Giacomo Carissimi and Antonio Cesti wrote cantatas  Earliest secular cantatas had several contrasting movements- independent section of a longer composition  Shorter and consisted of recatives, ariosos, and arias  Barbara Strozzi most prolific composers of secular cantata  Performed for the Accademic degli Unisoni  The Chorale  Based songs on melodies from Gregorian chants, secular tunes, and newly composed songs  Aka hymns  Single melodies sung in monophonic texture at first  The Sacred Cantata  Included standard baroque elements of recitative, aria, chorus, and instrumental ensemble  Featured a variety of solo singers  Usually concluded with four-part setting of a chorale melody  Polyphonic  Johann Sebastian Bach  One of the most prolific composers of the baroque period  Known for seculars works:  Brandenburg Concertos, The Well-Tempered Clavier, and the Art of Fugue  Known for sacred works:  St. Matthew Passion, The Magnificat, and hundreds of cantatas  Chapter 8  Oratorio- a dramatic work for chorus, solo voices, and orchestra  Similar to cantata, but is longer and is performed on a much larger scale  Developed as part of the Roman Catholic Church’s effect for reform after the Protestant Reformation  Earliest based on Bible stories and had a singing narrator to explain what was happening  Take as long as two hours or more to perform  George Frideric Handel  Prolific composer whose works include several major Italian-style operas such as:  Gulio Cesare in Egitto (Julius Caesar in Egypt), and Xerxes  Also English oratorios such as:  Messiah, and instrumental works such as Water Music  Messiah- based on the life of Jesus  Most loved and popular pieces of music in the history of Western civilization  At first performance in 1743, King George II was so moved by the opening of the “Hallelujah” chorus he stood during performance  now all audiences always stand because of this  two and a half hours of music for four solo voices  four-part chorus  Part I:  Deal with prophecy of the coming of the Messiah and his birth  Performed Christmastime today  Part II:  The sacrifice of Jesus and the salvation of humanity through his suffering and death  Played at Easter time  Part III:  Redemption through Christianity  Played at Easter time  An overture- the orchestral introduction to a musical dramatic work, introduces the work  Structured by French overture  Simple idea with two parts  Part I – based on pattern of long notes followed by short notes one after the other (dotted rhythms)  Long-short-long-short  Part II – faster section that has one melody after another following in imitation  The Passion- a musical setting of the story of the suffering and crucifixion of Jesus Christ  Performed during holy week  Famous passion by Bach called Passion According to St. Mathews  This was the Gospel account of the betrayal, arrest, trial and crucifixion of Christ


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