MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 7 and 8 Notes
MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 7 and 8 Notes Mus121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benjamin Crofut in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Into to listening in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Chapter 7 Notes Cantata- a choral work, usually on a sacred subject and frequently build on a chorale tune, combining aria, recitative, chorus, and instrumental accompaniment Ex. Opera The Secular Cantata Popular in baroque Italy Composers such as Giacomo Carissimi and Antonio Cesti wrote cantatas Earliest secular cantatas had several contrasting movements- independent section of a longer composition Shorter and consisted of recatives, ariosos, and arias Barbara Strozzi most prolific composers of secular cantata Performed for the Accademic degli Unisoni The Chorale Based songs on melodies from Gregorian chants, secular tunes, and newly composed songs Aka hymns Single melodies sung in monophonic texture at first The Sacred Cantata Included standard baroque elements of recitative, aria, chorus, and instrumental ensemble Featured a variety of solo singers Usually concluded with four-part setting of a chorale melody Polyphonic Johann Sebastian Bach One of the most prolific composers of the baroque period Known for seculars works: Brandenburg Concertos, The Well-Tempered Clavier, and the Art of Fugue Known for sacred works: St. Matthew Passion, The Magnificat, and hundreds of cantatas Chapter 8 Oratorio- a dramatic work for chorus, solo voices, and orchestra Similar to cantata, but is longer and is performed on a much larger scale Developed as part of the Roman Catholic Church’s effect for reform after the Protestant Reformation Earliest based on Bible stories and had a singing narrator to explain what was happening Take as long as two hours or more to perform George Frideric Handel Prolific composer whose works include several major Italian-style operas such as: Gulio Cesare in Egitto (Julius Caesar in Egypt), and Xerxes Also English oratorios such as: Messiah, and instrumental works such as Water Music Messiah- based on the life of Jesus Most loved and popular pieces of music in the history of Western civilization At first performance in 1743, King George II was so moved by the opening of the “Hallelujah” chorus he stood during performance now all audiences always stand because of this two and a half hours of music for four solo voices four-part chorus Part I: Deal with prophecy of the coming of the Messiah and his birth Performed Christmastime today Part II: The sacrifice of Jesus and the salvation of humanity through his suffering and death Played at Easter time Part III: Redemption through Christianity Played at Easter time An overture- the orchestral introduction to a musical dramatic work, introduces the work Structured by French overture Simple idea with two parts Part I – based on pattern of long notes followed by short notes one after the other (dotted rhythms) Long-short-long-short Part II – faster section that has one melody after another following in imitation The Passion- a musical setting of the story of the suffering and crucifixion of Jesus Christ Performed during holy week Famous passion by Bach called Passion According to St. Mathews This was the Gospel account of the betrayal, arrest, trial and crucifixion of Christ
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