MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 11 Notes
MUS121 Intro to Listening Chapter 11 Notes Mus121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benjamin Crofut in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Into to listening in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Chapter 11- The Classical Symphony Classical sonata is a multimovement work in one of two schemes, either of which has three or four movements Three-movement plan: First Movement- fast tempo, sonata form Second Movement- slow tempo, sonata, theme and variations, or other form Third Movement- fast tempo, rondo, sonata, or other form Four-movement plan: First movement- fast tempo, sonata form Second movement- slow tempo, sonata, theme and variations, or other form Third movement- medium tempo, minuet and trio or scherzo, and trio form Fourth Movement- fast tempo, rondo, sonata, or other form Single-Movement Sonata Form Sonata form- a musical form encompassing one movement of a composition and consisting of three sections (exposition, development, and recapitulation) the last often followed by a coda Sonata form based on statement or two contrasting melodies or themes Theme- a musical idea that serves as a starting point for the development of a composition or section of a composition Exposition Forms bases of entire movement (usually two) Mozart’s work – first theme is fairly energetic, second theme lyrical Connected by a bridge Usually definite cadence, pause, or both separating bridge and second theme Sometimes a short section called codetta after second theme Development- in general sense, the elaboration of musical material through various procedures Concretes on themes presented in exposition Themes may be fragmented into small melodic or rhythmic motives Motives- a short melodic or rhythmic theme that reappears frequently throughout a work or section of a work as a unifying device no two development sections are the same all have in common the process of modulation modulation- gradual or rapid change from one key to another within a composition Recapitulation- restates the themes from the exposition Change is the second theme appears at the pitch level of the home key (tonal center of the overall movement) Creates sense of unity and balance Some pieces coda is added as an extended conclusion Coda- the concluding section of a musical work or individual movement, often leading to a final climax and coupled with an increase in tempo Theme and Variations- a form based on a single theme and its subsequent repetition, with each new statement varied in some way from the original Popular form often used for second movements Followed by a series of varied versions of the same theme Minuet and Trio- a form employed in the third movement of many classical symphonies, cast in a stately triple meter and ternary form (ABA) Beethoven experimented with this and in place of the minuet, a much faster type of piece known as the scherzo and trio Scherzo- a sprightly, humorous, instrumental piece, swift in tempo The Classical Orchestra Composition of the orchestra became standardized due to the work of Johann Stamitz Johann Stamitz- a violinist, composer, and conductor of the orchestra at the German city of Mannheim Mannheim orchestra developed into most celebrated musical ensemble in Europe Franz Joseph Haydn developed both the classical symphony and the string quartet forms He is often called the Father of Symphony and the Father of the String Quartet Symphony- a sonata for orchestra Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart First major composer of the classical period Known for forty-one symphonies, many operas including Le Nozze di Figaro¸concertos, chamber works, and a Requiem Mass