Lecture Notes 2/24-2/26
Lecture Notes 2/24-2/26 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Schill on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Jeff Erger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
2/24 I) The Conflict Perspective A) Lack of consensus B) Who is it functional for? C) Society is based on conflict, coercion, domination, and the values of the powerful II) The Ideas of Karl Marx A) Three assumptions of Capitalism: 1) Materialism: everything in society requires material production 2) Labor theory of value: all use value (the usefulness of something) comes from labor; more labor makes the value go up 3) Two classes, based on their relation to the means of production (a)Capitalists own the means of production (b)Labor do not own, must work for wages (c)NOTE: these are the only two classes that matter III) An Analysis of Capitalism: the Example of Erger’s Chair Factory A) The product is made so that profit goes up B) The only way to make the product is by having materials and labor C) The labor price can go down IV)The Fundamental Contradiction of Capitalism A) The activity of Capitalist expansion brings about its downfall V) Discuss A) IF this is inevitable, why hasn’t it happened? 1) We need world wide capitalism 2) Capitalists are not getting conflict B) Doesn’t that mean that everyone would be equal and where would the incentive come from? 1) Never said everyone was equal 2) Nobody would be homeless, etc. but with hard work, you can still come out better than others VI)Non-Marxist Conflict A) The focus is on power instead of economic power 1) What groups are involved? 2) What resources do those groups have? 3) How are those resources used to advance group interests? B) Example) Health Care Reform 1) Groups (a)Nurses, doctors, etc. (b)Insurance companies (c)Those with and without healthcare (d)American Health Association (e)Pharmaceuticals 2) Groups with resources (a)Nurses, doctors, etc. (b)Insurance companies and pharmaceuticals 3) What are the benefits of those resources? 4) Generally high powered people win 2/26 I) Conflict- Crime and Deviance A) 3 conflict principles 1) The norms represent the interest of the rich and the powerful 2) The powerful have the resources to resist deviant labels 3) The norms and laws, not just their application, are political in nature (a)Vagrancy being poor, thrown into prison, and then work for rich people (b)Illegal to sleep on park bench (c)NOTE: target lower classes II) Marxist Principles (from Steven Spitzer) A) Laws protect private property (over personal safety) B) Those not working are seen as deviant regardless of cause C) Lack of respect for authority is deviant D) Support of the status quo is preferred to change III) Discussion: What do you think about when you hear crime? –Violent crime A) Ford Pinto, Explorer B) Financial fraud, violence fraud by High