Chapter 6-Conformity, Deviance, & Crime
Chapter 6-Conformity, Deviance, & Crime Soc 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regina Havens on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Aneliese Katri Dar in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Chapter 6-Conformitiy, Deviance, & Crime Deviance: Violation of informal norms There are infinitely more forms of deviance than crimes Crime: Violation of formal norms Always a matter of breaking the law Only behavioral in form Sanctioned by Government Anomie Strain Theories: Social strain causes deviance Merton’s Goal-Means Gap Social Learning Theories: Deviance is learned through social interaction -Merton’s Strain Theory of Deviance Merton assumed the cultural definition of success in the U.S. is wealth What are the normative and non-normative means to achieving these goals Deviance is a byproduct of economic inequalities Sutherland Differential Association Control Theory: Lack of social control causes deviance -Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory Contact with people who encourage or discourage deviance is a significant factor in whether or not a person engages in deviant acts. Research suggests that young people are more likely to participate in deviant behavior when they believe their peers will admire the behavior. Hirschi Social Bond -Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory We are all capable of committing deviant acts, but most of us maintain social bonds that discourage us from doing so. Types of Bonds: 1. Attachment to conventional people and institutions 2. Commitment to conformity 3. Involvement in conventional activities 4. Belief in the moral validity of social rules Labeling Theory -Symbolic Interactionist Approach -Relativist perspective on defining crime Nothing automatically makes behavior criminal/deviant -Deviance is found not in the act but rather in the response, in the label applied. However, this label isn’t always applied in the same way. Variations can happen according to one’s race, class, gender, etc. Uniform Crime Report (UCR) 60% of victims do not report crime Police only discover 3-4% of all crime Police choose whether or not to record reported crimes Police paperwork burden -The Dark figure of crime Represents the crime that goes “unknown” or unreported Typically crimes only become known to police when reported by the victim(s) The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) designed to measure The U.S. Prison System Crime and punishment remain top priority for Americans. Currently: 1. Imprisonment costs almost $29,000 per year per inmate 2. More than 25% of African American men are under the authority of the penal system 3. Imprisonment is not a powerful deterrent
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