HIST1020: Europe and the Crusades
HIST1020: Europe and the Crusades HIST 1020
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Aaron P Althouse (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
HIST1020 World Civilizations 11 World History Dr Althouse Monday 83115 Europe high Middle Ages 10001300 4 general areas of development progress 1 Borders of Western Europe secured against invasion 2 Rome the center for Christianity Catholic ChurchRomePope strengthen position as unquestioned spiritual leader in region 3 Beginning stages of development of national monarchies NATIONS took shape 4 Revolution in agriculturecommercial and developmenturban recovery population growth and economic development Investiture Controversy 11th century began in 10708 Church reforms making Rome the center of the Christian world Focus on Saint Peter lst bishop of Rome Henry IV King of Germany Holy Roman Empire took throne in 1056 107 Os Henry is excommunicated from the church 1077 Pope Gregory and Henry agree to meet in the mountain Canossa and Henry apologized Pope Gregory VII Pope from 107 31085 The church is quotsickquot both inside and out Inner cleansing Wants to reform monasteries Outer cleansing laypeople rulers and various high level church officials Investiture laypeople cannot choose 10703 struggle between pope and king over who gets to choose church of cials Rules and new outcomes during this time Beginning of nationstate Government servants hired government officials Feudal system sworn vassals as military TaX Collection England and France become enemies Louis VI King of France 110837 quotLouis the Fatquot William of Normandy King of England 106687 October 1066 he conquers England through the Battle of Hastings Creates surveys of England census 1200 BaronsNobles revolt against the king Magna Carta 1215 Great Charter king guaranteed series of rights to English nobles 10001300 Population growth Markets open helps to revive Western European cities economically Universities emerge Wednesday 9215 THE CRUSADES Borders of Western Europe are secured by Muslims 11th century Christians vs nonChristians 1095 first crusade to retake the Holy Land Jerusalem Called for by Pope Urban II Began a pattern of European conquest with the battle cry of religion 1000 changes among Muslims Turks convert and try to conquer Eastern Europe 0 Eastern Europe presentday Turkey Byzantine Empire 1090s Turks are still threatening the Byzantine Empire 0 Emperor asks for help from Pope Urban II 0 MarchNovember 1095 Pope Urban 11 travels around Europe and rallies support for Holy War first time he had left Italy 0 Council of Clermont November 1095 in France to rally forces Truce Peace of God is the final document Christians should all get along 0 Builds support among knights who felt guilty due to their job already in the habit of making a pilgrimage to cleanse their souls Warfare Pilgrimage cleansing of guilt for Knights 0 quotGod wishes itquot was their battle cry chant Main goals 0 The Pope wants the Holy Land under Christian control 0 The Peace of God must be successful 1st Crusade 0 60000 100000 people involved Traveled due to faith vows or land Thieves joined to rob and loot on the way 0 Some women and children traveled as well People39s Crusade 0 Peter the Hermit gathered 15000 followers As they cross Germany they encounter some Jews they didn39t recognize and slaughtered the Jews instead of Muslims 0 1099 the Holy City of Jerusalem is under Christian control took 3 years to travel and conquer 2nd Crusade 11471 149 Very unsuccessful No territory regained 3rd Crusade 1187 Jerusalem falls to Saladin 0 Saladin became a quotheroquot to the Islamic cause due to this crusade as he resisted the crusaders 118911923 AllStar Crusade Team 0 King of England King of France kings from smaller kingdoms and the Holy Roman Empire 0 King Richard of England was captured on the way back and England had to pay a high tax to have him returned 0 The Holy Roman Emperor drowned on the way to the Holy Land 0 This was a failure because the Kings did not get along Christians did not gain Jerusalem 4th Crusade 12021204 Pope Innocent HI planned this crusade Less funding and enthusiasm for this Th y 530th the CoaSt of the Mediterranean Sea and have contact With Venice 12031204 Attacked the capital of the Byzantine Empire Constantinople 0 They occupied Constantinople until the 1260s LongTerm Consequences of the Crusades Christian and Muslim relations are thrown into a constant State of war Decline of Byzantine Empire Italian merChantS charged for transportation during the crusades so they become wealthy and gain new trade routes this wealth will sprout the Renaissance Western European conquest increases
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