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Sociology 07 Notes: Jobs

by: Jenna Davis

Sociology 07 Notes: Jobs SOC 1004

Jenna Davis
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

These are the notes from the Jobs lecture. They cover everything from the dual labor market to the precarious labor market! They are like the outline of notes online but are in more detail with goo...
Introduction to Sociology
Neal King
Class Notes
precarity, precarious, labor market, solidarity, Labor, welfare, dual market, primary sector, secondary sector, Fordism, sociological frame, individual frame
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenna Davis on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Neal King in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

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Date Created: 03/01/16
Sociology 07 Notes Jobs Dual Labor Market Primary labor market is where you want to go. The good jobs, ex: one with benefits, vacation, good pay, job security, physical safety, discretion. If the commonwealth goes up then you'll make more money and get raises. Creation of the middle class. Secondary labor market: low or unskilled, these are the people who are fired first, wages not based on human capital or profitability of industry, little promotion to primary sector, short-term, precarious (they work year by year). Ex: housekeeping, food services, blue collar jobs American Dreams of Security People aren't eerily invested in keeping a set of employers employed. The government doesn't regulate contracts and stays out of it. Deregulation: relaxation of anti-trust regulation and anti-trust fraud enforcement. Then companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars bailing out firms once they commit fraud. They also undo laws against usury (short term, high interest loans to poor people) simple annual rate not to exceed 36% in VA. Efficient Market Efficient market hypothesis says that all else being equal, people are rational in the finance industry to provide the best advice to your clients to maximize the stability, they rate things like money, firms, industries, interest, profits, funds, etc. Contagion: people surrounding enthuse you about the same things they are enthused about, conformity, getting caught up with each other. (Shared mood). It’s using group think as sociology. There is corporate interlock and elite networks. You don't see those people because they are in tightly woven groups and have a low profile. Ex: 2006 eve on the real estate blowout. Efficient Market Hypothesis within Individual Frame Rational choice: the notion that a worker would make her judgement and rational choice on her own judgment and not on the group's. It is the individual frame theory. She leaves ready to kick ass but then gets caught up in her job and group. Deindustrialization Part of this is deindustrialization because factories close and finance industries are taking over. Unions are declining and employment becomes precarious. The unions that built fordism are going to end and there is a shift in income and a rise in the super rich. Responses to Precarity What happens because of precarity? One thing is that there is a gender division of labor narrows. (Moms have to get a job to support the family) live month to month on wages. Another is that the length of the workday is growing longer. Temporary work is becoming increasingly popular, and working class men are dropping out of the labor market. Sometimes women are working a lot more than the men are. The primary sector shrinks because of this. People take different kinds of jobs, people become frustrated, and people think the country is going in the wrong direction. It went from blue-collar unions to low pay/benefit precarious service. There is less faith in the American Dream because of downsizing and job erosion. Fast Food Jobs End of fordism, decline in buying the power of minimum wage. The government is involved whether it wants to be or not. Ex: government paying pizza hut's wages. Some are Better Shielded from Risk than Others Fordism shielded modest families and allowed people to be secure and support their family with union job tenure and income support. Precarious labor market/ welfare reform shifts much risk to them. The freedom to work hard is under some stress and the willingness to work hard is low. There are a lot of job hunts, savings, and faith based investments in education. Causes bankruptcy and recession. People are shaken by fraud and job loss, and it puts up racial hostility. A huge rise in the secondary job sector.


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