WeightManagementch10pt3.pdf HEA 102-060
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Szlasa on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HEA 102-060 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Bamberger in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to Health and Wellness in Physical Education at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Weight Management Professor Bamberger Intro to Health and Wellness Note taker Lydia Szlasa Email lszla543livekutztownedu IVIarch Notes Overweight or Obese Overweight having a body weight more than 10 percent above the healthy recommended levels in an adult having a BIVII of 25 to 299 Obesity a body weight more than 20 percent above healthy recommended levels in an adult having a BIVII of 30 or more Morbid Obesity having a body weight 100 percent or more above healthy recommended levels in an adult having a BIVII of 40 or more Super Obesity having a body weight that is 150 pounds or more above healthy recommended levels having a BIVII of 50 or more Body Composition Essential fat amount necessary for maintenance of life and reproductive functions including Insulation cushion nerve conduction vitamin absorption energy and body temperature regulation Men 35 Women 812 Dropping body fat too low can compromise performance and normal bodily function including amenorrhea for females Storage fat the nonessential fat that many of us try to shed adipose Norms for Bodyfat Men 1015 Women 1520 Risk Factors for Obesity Heredity and Genetics Endocrine Disorders Metabolic Rates Environmental Factors Psychological Factors Lifestyle Gender Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Genetic and Physiological Factors Body type and genes Metabolic rates Basal Metabolic Rate EMR the rate of energy expenditure by a body at complete rest in a neutral environment A BMR for the average healthy adult is usually between 1200 and 1800 calories per day Resting Metabolic Rate RMR includes the BMR plus any additional energy expended through daily sedentary activities Exercise Metabolic Rate EMR is the energy expenditure that occurs during exercise Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Set point Theory Body ghts to maintain our weight around a narrow range or set fat point Set point can be changed Adaptive Thermogenesis The theory that thin people send more effective messages to the hypothalamus and therefore can consume large amounts of food without gaining weight Yoyo Diets Refer to dieters who resume eating after their weight loss so their BMR is set lower making it almost certain that they will regain the pounds theyjust lost Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Hormones Ghrelin the hunger hormone Produced in the Stomach Plays key role in regulation of Stomach and food intake control Appetite tells your brain when you re full Produced by Leptin Levels in fat cells appetite levels drop Blood rise receptors do not work properly unsure why Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Fat Cells and Predisposition to Fatness Hyperplasia condition characterized by excessive number of fat cells A normal weight individual has between 25 and 35 billion A moderately obese individual may have 60 100 billion An extremely obese person may have 200 billion 3 Critical for development of hyperplasia 1 Periods lasts 2 3 months of fetal development 1 First year of life 1 Between ages 913 3 number of fat cells does not increase in adulthood but the ability of the cells to swell hypertrophy and shrink does occur Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Environmental Factors Bombarded with advertising Prepackaged high fat meals Changes in working families Bottle feeding in infants lVIisIeading food labels Increased opportunities for eating Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Psychosocial and Economic Factors Food as Food a Socioeconomic factors can provide or aids to weight control Studies show that the you are the lower your overall obesity pro le is likely to be Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Lifestyle Factors Lack of physical activity Any form of activity that burns calories helps maintain weight Data from the National Health Interview Survey show that of United States adults engage in any exercise sports or physically active hobbies in their leisure time Is it really this simple Your caloric balance status is quotin balancequot You are If you are eating roughly the same number of calories that your body is using Your weight will remain stable quotin caloric excessquot You are eating more calories than your body is using You will store these extra calories as fat and you39ll gain weight quotin caloric de citquot You are eating fewer calories than you are using Your body is pulling from its fat storage cells for energy so your weight is decreasing 1 pound of fat Start exercising Improving your eating habits What Changing your yourea ng Selecting a weight loss plan Set Seek help from reputable sources Keeping Weight Control in Perspective Each person is Weight loss is not stress and available foods can affect a person s ability to lose weight Set goals Work out a maintainable lifestyle change Avoid weight loss programs that promise miracle results Eating Disorders Body Image Disorders Selfsta rvation Intense fear of fat 03 of females suffer from AN in their lifetime Nervosa Binge and then take inappropriate measures to lose calories purge 3 of adolescent and young females 1 Male for every 10 females Often at normal weight Disorder
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