History weeks HIS 203
Popular in Hist of U.S. Since 1865
PY 101 - Intro to Psychology
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Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darlene Franklin on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 203 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by William B Murphy (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Hist of U.S. Since 1865 in History at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Spain and Cuba Spain had been the greatest European colonial power (the fell on hard times) 1890s was third rate power with only handful of Colonies in the Caribbean and pacific 1890s Cuban rebels fought for independence Spain cracked down harshly Americans sympathetic Sent money for cause (independence) American newspaper exaggerated reports on Spanish atrocities in Cuba (invent details big bold text some false acts) (fueled the feud between Cuba and America) Yellow journalismsensationalism exaggeration (anything that’s going to get the newspaper sold) Hearst Pulitzer paid someone to get pictures in Cuba (leaning to war) Toward war with Spain February 1898: President McKinley sends USS Maine to Havana harbor (agreement with Spain that U.S can visit Spain harbors to look over things) Feb. 15 explodes and sinks due to Unknown causes Hearst’s Paper call it a SPANISH ATTACK April 1898: Spanish foreign minister writes letter calling McKinley WEAK (Delhomme Letter) PUBLIC OPINION INFLAMED AGAIST SPAIN (igniting war) Spanish American War April 20, 1898: U.S demands Spain grant Cuban independence; U.S navy blockades Cuba April 23, 1898 Spain declares war on U.S April 25, 1898 U.S declares war on Spain (didn’t really have an army force had to gather volunteers) May 1898 U.S pacific fleet attacks Spanish fleet in manila bay in the Philippines (Made navy go to Philippines to fight war before declare, not expected to be there so fast when officially declared unprepared Philippines) JuneJuly 1898 U.S forces invade Cuba and Puerto Rico Theodore Roosevelt and the rough riders (recruits he picked in the army led to San Juan) August 1898 Spain request peace treaty An American Empire Spanish transfers control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Guam to U.S Cuba granted independence in 1902, but U.S retained right to intervene in Cuban affairs Filipino rebels fought bloody war against American control btwn 18981902 (thought they would get independent like Cuba right away but harbor was idolized by Americans so they used them) Philippines granted independence in 1948 (1944 colonial power by Americans) Puerto Rico and Guam are still American possessions Annexation of Hawaii American business interests in Hawaii had pressured government to seek U.S annexation U.S fruit companies effectively take over Hawaiian government July 1898 U.S annexes Hawaii (U.S territory, Hawaiian people did not want this) Not a state till 1959 Other territorial Acquisitions 1899: U.S acquires American soma in deal w/ Germany 1916 U.s acquires U.S virgin island in deal with Denmark American Imperialism Some American’s thought U.s should compete with European powers for colonies Colonies would increase American influence and power Other nations take U.S more seriously U. S= Destiny U.S could help critize other nation Better if American democracy rule rather than European tyranny Albert Beveridge, “the march of the flag” American AntiImperialism Strong antiimperialist movement arose in U.S by 1899 Argued that America began as a collection of colonies Had fight for the right to rule itself Government by consent of the governed] to rule over colonies would be hypocritical The Frontier and imperialism American leaders feared impact of loss of frontier Looked outside U.S. borders to seek more room to expand Lead to acquisition of foreign colonies Imperialism under Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt becomes president in 1901 Sought to increase American power and international respect Was very aggressive in promoting foreign policy goals especially in Latin America Influenced by Alfred Thayer Mahan and the importance of naval power (idea that great navy great strong nation need bases around the st world to have way points 21 century navy is going to be very important) The “Great White Fleet” (Fleet of 20 of them around the world visiting various ports around the world) (New battle ships similar to British and French start to close gap between them by upgrading navy) The Panama Canal Venezuelan Crisis and the Roosevelt Calvary
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