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History weeks

by: Darlene Franklin

History weeks HIS 203

Darlene Franklin
SUNY Oswego

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American imperialism
Hist of U.S. Since 1865
William B Murphy (P)
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darlene Franklin on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 203 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by William B Murphy (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Hist of U.S. Since 1865 in History at State University of New York at Oswego.

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Date Created: 03/01/16
Spain and Cuba  Spain had been the greatest European colonial power (the fell on hard times)  1890s was third rate power with only handful of Colonies in the Caribbean  and pacific  1890s Cuban rebels fought for independence   Spain cracked down harshly  Americans sympathetic  Sent money for cause (independence)  American newspaper exaggerated reports on Spanish atrocities in Cuba  (invent details big bold text some false acts) (fueled the feud between Cuba  and America)  Yellow journalism­sensationalism exaggeration (anything that’s going to get the newspaper sold)   Hearst Pulitzer paid someone to get pictures in Cuba (leaning to war) Toward war with Spain  February 1898: President McKinley sends USS Maine to Havana harbor  (agreement with Spain that U.S can visit Spain harbors to look over  things)  Feb. 15 explodes and sinks due to Unknown causes  Hearst’s Paper call it a SPANISH ATTACK  April 1898:   Spanish foreign minister writes letter calling McKinley WEAK  (Delhomme Letter)  PUBLIC OPINION INFLAMED AGAIST SPAIN (igniting war) Spanish American War  April 20, 1898: U.S demands Spain grant Cuban independence; U.S  navy blockades Cuba  April 23, 1898 Spain declares war on U.S  April 25, 1898 U.S declares war on Spain (didn’t really have an army  force had to gather volunteers)  May 1898 U.S pacific fleet attacks Spanish fleet in manila bay in the  Philippines (Made navy go to Philippines to fight war before declare,  not expected to be there so fast when officially declared unprepared  Philippines)  June­July 1898 U.S forces invade Cuba and Puerto Rico  Theodore Roosevelt and the rough riders (recruits he picked in the army led to San Juan)   August 1898 Spain request peace treaty An American Empire  Spanish transfers control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Guam  to U.S  Cuba granted independence in 1902, but U.S retained right to  intervene in Cuban affairs  Filipino rebels fought bloody war against American control btwn  1898­1902 (thought they would get independent like Cuba right away  but harbor was idolized by Americans so they used them)  Philippines granted independence in 1948 (1944 colonial power by  Americans)  Puerto Rico and Guam are still American possessions Annexation of Hawaii  American business interests in Hawaii had pressured government to  seek U.S annexation  U.S fruit companies effectively take over Hawaiian government  July 1898 U.S annexes Hawaii (U.S territory, Hawaiian people did not want this)  Not a state till 1959 Other territorial Acquisitions  1899: U.S acquires American soma in deal w/ Germany  1916 U.s acquires U.S virgin island in deal with Denmark American Imperialism  Some American’s thought U.s should compete with European powers  for colonies  Colonies would increase American influence and power Other nations take U.S more seriously   U. S= Destiny  U.S could help critize other nation   Better if American democracy rule rather than European tyranny  Albert Beveridge, “the march of the flag” American Anti­Imperialism  Strong anti­imperialist movement arose in U.S by 1899  Argued that America began as a collection of colonies  Had fight for the right to rule itself  Government by consent of the governed] to rule over colonies would  be hypocritical The Frontier and imperialism  American leaders feared impact of loss of frontier  Looked outside U.S. borders to seek more room to expand  Lead to acquisition of foreign colonies Imperialism under Roosevelt  Theodore Roosevelt becomes president in 1901  Sought to increase American power and international respect  Was very aggressive in promoting foreign policy goals especially in  Latin America   Influenced by Alfred Thayer Mahan and the importance of naval  power (idea that great navy great strong nation need bases around the  st world to have way points 21  century navy is going to be very  important)  The “Great White Fleet” (Fleet of 20 of them around the world  visiting various ports around the world) (New battle ships similar to  British and French start to close gap between them by upgrading  navy)  The Panama Canal   Venezuelan Crisis and the Roosevelt Calvary


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